James Hutton(1726-1797) is considered to be the founder of
modern Geology. His studies of the rock formations of his native
Scotland helped him to formulate his most famous work, "Theory
of the Earth". This work was interpreted and used by many as
the basis for geological theory. Hutton made many observations
about rock formations and how they were effected by erosion.
His terminology and rock formation theories became known as "Huttonian" Geology.
Several of the watercolors on this page are reproductions of
works that he did while in the field. This portrait of him
was done by Abner Lowe in the 1920s.