Ecosystems

No! After the dinosaurs died out, nearly 65 million years passed before people appeared on Earth. However, small mammals (including shrew-sized primates) were alive at the time of the dinosaurs. Many scientists who study dinosaurs (vertebrate...
Many studies show that bighead and silver carp substantially change ecosystems where they have been introduced. Studies around the world, including a USGS study in the Missouri River, found that zooplankton populations are dramatically reduced when Asian...
Mineral elements provide the color in fireworks. Barium produces bright greens; strontium yields deep reds; copper produces blues; and sodium yields yellow. Other colors can be made my mixing elements; strontium and sodium produce brilliant orange;...
An exponential increase in the population numbers of bighead and silver carp began in the mid-90s and continued through the mid-2000s in parts of the Mississippi and Illinois rivers. The Illinois Natural History Survey has estimated that a population of...
Both bighead and silver carp become fairly large; records of both species approach 100 pounds, but silver carp over 20 pounds and bighead carp over 30 pounds are uncommon. The North American record for bighead carp is a 106-pound fish from Missouri. Both...
USGS DLG files must be translated into DXF before AutoCAD can read the files. Here is one way this can be accomplished: Download a DLG to DXF converter. There are different versions of this program depending on the version of AutoCAD. DLGTODXF -...
The most effective way to reverse the buffelgrass invasion and lessen its impacts is to tackle high-risk and high-value areas first, and pool resources to save costs and maximize control efforts across mixed jurisdictions. The Southern Arizona...
It has spread from South Carolina all the way down to Florida, west into Texas, and has now been located in California. For more information about this invasive species, read Chinese Tallow: Invading the Southeastern Coastal Plain.
Chinese tallow has been cultivated in nurseries and sold as an ornamental tree used for landscaping; however, it is now classified as a nuisance species in some locations and can no longer be sold. It has separate pollen and seed-bearing flowers, and...
Approximately 700 species have been named. However, a recent scientific review suggests that only about half of these are based on fairly complete specimens that can be shown to be unique and separate species. Also, even if all of the roughly 700...