Landsat 8 carries two push-broom instruments: the Operational Land Imager (OLI), and the Thermal Infrared Sensor (TIRS).The spectral bands of the OLI sensor, while similar to Landsat 7’s ETM+ sensor, provides enhancement from prior Landsat instruments,...
It is not an easy task to keep a swimming pool so clear and clean. If you just set a pan of water outdoors in the middle of summer, you'll see that it ends up containing gunk very quickly. People have to resort to both chemical and physical means to keep...
Saline water has some uses. In 2000, the U.S. used about 62 billion gallons per day of saline water, which was about 15 percent of all water used. But saline water can only be used for certain purposes. The main use was for thermoelectric power-plant...
Gas hydrates are a crystalline solid formed of water and gas. It looks and acts much like ice, but it contains huge amounts of methane; it is known to occur on every continent; and it exists in huge quantities in marine sediments in a layer several...
The Landsat 8 and Landsat 7 satellites both maintain a near-polar, sun-synchronous orbit, following the World Reference System (WRS-2). They each make an orbit in about 99 minutes, complete over 14 orbits per day, and provide complete coverage of the...
The Rocky Mountains are a series of mountain ranges in western North America, including parts of New Mexico, Colorado, Utah, Wyoming, Idaho, and Montana, as well as parts of several provinces in Canada. The geographic extent and geologic history is...
The USGS is a science bureau within the United States Department of the Interior. It provides impartial information on the health of our ecosystems and environment, the natural hazards that threaten us, the natural resources we rely on, the impacts of...
There are numerous web resources and videos about careers in science in the USGS. 
The term El Niño (Spanish for 'the Christ Child') refers to a warm ocean current that typically appears around Christmas-time and lasts for several months, but may persist into May or June. The warm current influences storm patterns around the globe. As...
Landsat 7 ETM+ SLC-off data refers to all Landsat 7 images collected after May 31, 2003, when the Scan Line Corrector (SLC) failed. These products have data gaps, but are still useful and maintain the same radiometric and geometric corrections as data...