Landsat

Landsat 8 carries two push-broom instruments: the Operational Land Imager (OLI), and the Thermal Infrared Sensor (TIRS).The spectral bands of the OLI sensor, while similar to Landsat 7’s ETM+ sensor, provides enhancement from prior Landsat instruments,...
The Landsat 8 and Landsat 7 satellites both maintain a near-polar, sun-synchronous orbit, following the World Reference System (WRS-2). They each make an orbit in about 99 minutes, complete over 14 orbits per day, and provide complete coverage of the...
Landsat 7 ETM+ SLC-off data refers to all Landsat 7 images collected after May 31, 2003, when the Scan Line Corrector (SLC) failed. These products have data gaps, but are still useful and maintain the same radiometric and geometric corrections as data...
The Landsat Program is a series of Earth-observing satellite missions jointly managed by NASA and the U.S. Geological Survey.In 1972, the launch of ERTS-1 (Earth Resources Technology Satellite, later renamed Landsat 1) started the era of a series of...
National Land Imaging (NLI) was an interagency effort (begun in 2006) to develop a long-term plan to achieve technical, financial, and managerial stability for operational land imaging. In August 2007, the working group released the recommended plan in a...
Remote sensing is the process of detecting and monitoring the physical characteristics of an area by measuring its reflected and emitted radiation at a distance from the targeted area. Special cameras collect remotely sensed images of the Earth, which...
Simply defined, scale can be expressed as the ratio or proportion between a distance on the aerial photographs (or maps) and the actual distance on the ground or land surface. It is a ratio that could represent any unit of measurement and this ratio is...
This massive database updates our knowledge of the Nation’s land cover and documents precisely where land cover change has occurred between 2001 and 2006. NLCD is used for thousands of applications in such diverse investigations as ecosystem status and...
Landsat image data processing takes 1 to 5 days. Once a request is submitted and the data is processed, an email notification containing the direct download URL is sent.After Landsat scenes are processed, they are also made available for immediate...
For many locations outside the U.S., there may be scenes that were collected by the sensor but the data is not archived or distributed by the USGS. These scenes may still be available from other International Ground Stations. Please note that this data...