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How Student's LearnóBloom's Taxonomy: Six Levels of the Cognitive Domain

In 1956, Benjamin Bloom headed a group of educational psychologists who developed a classification of levels of intellectual behavior important in learning. Bloom found that over 95 percent of the test questions students encounter require them to think only at the lowest possible level...the recall of information.

Bloom identified six levels within the cognitive domain, from the simple recall or recognition of facts, as the lowest level, through increasingly more complex and abstract mental levels, to the highest order which is classified as evaluation. Verb examples that represent intellectual activity on each level are listed below.

As an TEL Course Developer, this taxonomy will help you write assessment questions and excellent course and lesson objectives.

LEVEL DEFINITION SAMPLE
VERBS
SAMPLE
BEHAVIORS
KNOWLEDGE Student recalls or recognizes information, ideas, and principles in the approximate form in which they were learned. Write
List
Label
Name
State
Define
Describe
Choose
Omit
The student will define the 6 levels of Bloom's taxonomy of the cognitive domain.
COMPREHENSION Student translates, comprehends, or interprets information based on prior learning. Explain
Summarize
Paraphrase
Describe
Illustrate
Classify
Judge
Infer
Show
Indicate
Tell
Translate
Select
Match
Represent
The student will explain the purpose of Bloom's taxonomy of the cognitive domain.
APPLICATION Student selects, transfers, and uses data and principles to complete a problem or task with a minimum of direction. Use
Compute
Solve
Demonstrate
Apply
Construct
Select
The student will compare and contrast the cognitive and affective domains.
ANALYSIS Student distinguishes, classifies, and relates the assumptions, hypotheses, evidence, or structure of a statement or question. Analyze
Categorize
Compare
Contrast
Separate
Distinguish
Identify
The student will compare and contrast the cognitive and affective domains.
SYNTHESIS Student originates, integrates, and combines ideas into a product, plan or proposal that is new to him or her. Create Design
Hypothesize
Invent
Develop
Tell
Make
Do
Choose
The student will design a classification scheme for writing educational objectives that combines the cognitive, affective, and psychomotor domains.
EVALUATION Student appraises, assesses, or critiques on a basis of specific standards and criteria. Judge
Recommend
Critique
Justify
Appraise
Criticize
Defend
The student will judge the effectiveness of writing objectives using Bloom's taxonomy.

[Source: Modified from UT Learning Center, http://www.utexas.edu/student/utlc/handouts/1414.html]



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Page Last Modified: Thursday, 27-Dec-2012 10:56:40 EST