Features formed from those igneous rocks that have reached or nearly reached the Earth's surface before solidifying. [Adapted from Glossary of Geology, 4th ed.]
Alexandria Digital Library Feature Type Thesaurus
30 cool facts about Mount St. Helens [ More info] Poster commemorating the 30th anniversary of the 1980 eruptions of Mount St. Helens, a volcano in southwestern Washington state. Facts provided in plain text as well.
A sight "fearfully grand": eruptions of Lassen Peak, California, 1914 to 1917 [ More info] Tells the story of these historic eruptions, with scientific details and contemporary human reports and photos.
A volcano rekindled; the renewed eruption of Mount St. Helens, 2004-2006 [ More info]
Airborne Volcanic Ash - A Global Threat to Aviation [ More info] Explains the problem, describes procedures used to cope with it, ways of monitoring and detecting hazardous conditions, and warning systems currently available to help mitigate the dangers.
Alaska Volcano Observatory [ More info] Homepage for Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) with offices in Anchorage and Fairbanks monitors and studies Alaska's hazardous volcanoes. Links to featured news, updates, publications and products, and a volcano atlas for Alaska.
Alaska volcanoes guidebook for teachers [ More info] The lessons and activities in this guidebook are meant to supplement and enhance existing science content already being taught to Alaskan students in grade levels 6-12.
California's restless giant: the Long Valley Caldera [ More info] Geological characteristics of this volcanic area, and volcanic activity, especially swarms of small earthquakes, which may precede eruptions and which are monitored by USGS.
Candidate cave entrances on Mars [ More info] Newly discovered candidate cave entrances into Martian near-surface lava tubes, volcano-tectonic fracture systems, and pit craters and describes their characteristics and exploration possibilities.
Carbon dioxide and helium discharge from Mammoth Mountain, Long Valley caldera, California [ More info] An explanation of toxic carbon dioxide emissions at Mammoth Mountain in Long Valley caldera, and a description of magmatic helium discharge at the Mammoth Mountain fumarole with photos, maps, and links to other studies.
Cascades Volcano Observatory [ More info] Portal to information provided by the Cascades Volcano Observatory in Vancouver, WA with links to reports and activity in the Cascade Range and other volcanoes and multiple links to general information on volcanology, reports, research, and maps.
Cascades Volcano Observatory - Learn about volcanoes [ More info] Educational volcano site providing answers to frequently asked volcano questions with links to other general information on volcanoes and to information on specific volcanoes including the Cascade Range volcanoes.
Devils Postpile National Park geologic story [ More info] Site has links to Devils Postpile's geologic history, rocks and minerals, geologic time, geologic maps.
Earth tides and volcano monitoring [ More info] Article in the May 28, 1998 issue of Volcano Watch describing of correlation of earth tides to volcanic eruptions and value in monitoring underground magma movement with deformation measurement instruments including tiltmeters and strainmeters.
Encounters of aircraft with volcanic ash clouds; A compilation of known incidents, 1953-2009 [ More info] Of 129 reported incidents, 94 are confirmed ash encounters, 79 of which entailed airframe or engine damage; 20 are low-severity events involving suspected ash or gas clouds; for 15 the data are insufficient to assess severity.
Eruptions from the Inyo chain about 600 years ago: sequence of events and effects in the Long Valley Area [ More info] Describes the volcanic activity that occurred along the southern part of the Mono-Inyo Craters volcanic chain in California about 600 years ago.
Eruptions in the Cascade Range during the past 4,000 years [ More info] Chart showing 13 volcanoes on a map of Washington, Oregon, and northern California, along with time lines for each volcano showing the ages of their eruptions.
Eruptions of Hawaiian volcanoes - past, present, and future [ More info] Originally published in 1987, this general-interest booklet has been revised in anticipation of the Centennial of the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) in January 2012.
Eruptions of Lassen Peak, California, 1914 to 1917 [ More info] Summary of the most recent eruption of Lassen Peak, Cascades (1914-1917)
Eruptions of Mount St. Helens: past, present, future [ More info] Online booklet on the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens, past history, and future hazards.
Geologic hazards at volcanoes [ More info] Poster diagram showing the various hazards that accompany volcanic activity as they relate to the structure of the volcano.
Geologic history of Long Valley Caldera and the Mono-Inyo Craters volcanic chain, California [ More info] Summarizes the geologic and volcanic activity of the Long Valley Caldera and Mono-Inyo Craters volcanic chain in east central California.
Hawaiian Volcano Observatory [ More info] Hawaiian Volcano Observatory's latest news with links to information on Kilauea, Mauna Loa, and other volcanoes, earthquakes, volcanic hazards, photo archive, and general information about the center.
Hawaiian Volcano Observatory spotlight images archive [ More info] Images of Hawaiian volcanoes and the islands they've built in the past few million years, images of recent eruptions, and Hawaiian landscapes.
Kilauea - eruption update and image archive [ More info] Current Kilauea eruption activity, updated daily with recent photos, maps, and deformation information and links to video for broadband users, photo glossary, and image archive.
Kilauea - perhaps the world's most active volcano [ More info] Current activity, hazards, and history of eruptions of Kilauea Volcano.
Kilauea--an Explosive Volcano in Hawaii [ More info] Explains how explosive eruptions occur here, shows the history of its eruptions, and describes the effects and hazards that accompany them.
Mauna Loa -- history, hazards and risk of living with the world's largest volcano [ More info] Describes volcano-related hazards on the Island of Hawaii, including lava flows, explosive eruptions, volcanic smog, damaging earthquakes, and tsunamis.
Mauna Loa current activity [ More info] Current activity of Mauna Loa Volcano with news, GPS data, electronic tiltmeter data, and current seismicity plus links to long term monitoring.
Mauna Loa, Earth's largest volcano [ More info] Current activity, hazards, and history of eruptions of Mauna Loa.
Monitoring data of the Long Valley caldera and Mono-Inyo Craters volcanic chain, California [ More info] Describes the monitoring effort and provides real-time data of the current restless activity of the caldera, including earthquakes, ground deformation, and release of volcanic gas and plus link to volcano monitoring techniques.
Most recent updates for U.S. volcanoes [ More info] Short descriptions of recent volcanic activity in the US.
Mount Rainier - Living Safely With a Volcano in Your Backyard [ More info] One of our Nation's most dangerous volcanoes, Mount Rainier has been the source of countless eruptions and volcanic mudflows, and many people live in the areas that will be affected by it.
Mount St. Helens lidar [ More info] Poster available in two sizes for downloading and printing.
Mount St. Helens, 1980 to now--what's going on? [ More info] Summarizes the eruptions of this spectacular volcano and the consequences for the surrounding landscape, explains how volcanoes like this form, and how we monitor their activity to mitigate hazards they pose.
Photo gallery of the Long Valley area, California [ More info] Selection of photographic images of the Long Valley area that illustrate the consequences of the past geologic history of the Sierra Nevada, Long Valley Caldera, the Mono-Inyo Craters volcanic chain, glaciation, and faulting.
Potential hazards from future volcanic eruptions in the Long Valley -- Mono Lake Area, California [ More info] An introduction to the volcano hazards in the Long Valley area based on the past geologic history of the Long Valley Caldera and the Mono-Inyo Craters volcanic chain.
Satellite technologies detect uplift in the Yellowstone Caldera [ More info] Explanation of uplift in the land surface of the northern part of the Yellowstone caldera (12cm, about ~5 inches) that occurred between 1997 and 2003, including the scientific methods by which it was detected and analyzed.
Selected volcano information [ More info] Selected books, maps, videos, and other materials produced by the USGS Volcano Hazards Program. Many products highlighted here are intended for general audiences.
Sutter Buttes-the lone volcano in California's Great Valley [ More info] Explains history and structure of this unusual geologic feature.
The California Volcano Observatory: monitoring the state's restless volcanoes [ More info] Summarizes where, when, how often volcanoes erupt in California, and explains how our monitoring of these features helps people avoid the hazards that they pose.
The ongoing Pu'u 'O'o eruption of Kilauea Volcano, Hawai'i -- 30 years of eruptive activity [ More info] Fact sheet chronicles and illustrates Kilauea Volcano's longest rift-zone eruption in more than 500 years.
The story of the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory -- A remarkable first 100 years of tracking eruptions and earthquakes [ More info] History of the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO), established in 1912, including an overview of Hawaiian volcanic processes and USGS monitoring techniques.
This dynamic planet: World map of volcanoes, earthquakes, impact craters, and plate tectonics [ More info] Online world map with booklet (PDF format) giving an account of plate tectonics, volcanology, earthquake activity, and impact craters.
Types and effects of volcano hazards [ More info] Describes the 6 main types of hazardous activities and processes associated with volcanoes, including tephra, lava flows, pyroclastic flows, lahars (volcanic mudflows), landslides, and volcanic gas.
Using tiltmeters to measure volcano deformation [ More info] Describes and illustrates how scientists use electronic tiltmeters measuring deformation on volcanoes.
Volcano Hazards Program [ More info] Homepage for USGS Volcano Hazards Program with feature stories, and links to worldwide volcano updates, volcanic hazards, reducing volcanic risk, USGS international programs, and resources such as educator's page, videos, and online reports.
Volcano Hazards Program, California Volcano Observatory [ More info] Overview of volcano hazards in California with links to monitoring data including earthquakes and deformations, long-term outlook, volcano hazards in the area, USGS response plan, image gallery, monitoring and topical studies, publications and references.
Volcano and hydrologic hazards, features, and terminology [ More info] Links to explanations of volcanic hazards and features and to a glossary of volcano terminology.
Volcano hazard zones in the Long Valley - Mono Lake Area, California [ More info] Describes the volcano-hazard zones for the Long Valley and Mono-Inyo Craters volcanic chain identified by scientists of the U.S. Geological Survey.
Volcano monitoring at Yellowstone National Park [ More info] Describes volcano monitoring at Yellowstone National Park including an update of recent volcanic activity, real-time data, and link to volcano monitoring techniques information.
Alphabetical Index of Topics
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