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Elements
Chemical elements and element groups
Subtopics:
Chemical element groups (6 items)
Chemical elements (56 items)


Results 1 - 20 of 65 listed by similarity [list alphabetically]
PDF Carbonatite and alkaline intrusion-related rare earth element deposits--A deposit model [More info]
Describes where and how mineral deposits of this type are found, including chemical and mineralogical characteristics, as well as unsolved scientific questions surrounding their origin.
PDF Platinum-group elements: so many excellent properties [More info]
These elements, abbreviated as PGE, include platinum, palladium, rhodium, ruthenium, iridium, and osmium. They have similar physical and chemical properties and occur together in nature.
PDF Rare earth elements--End use and recyclability [More info]
Rare earth element use is changing with technology. This report explains how we use them and the prospects for recycling these important commodities.
PDF The future of rare earth elements--will these high-tech industry elements continue in short supply? [More info]
Presentation describing uses of rare earth elements, why they are important, where they occur and are produced, and aspects of the economics of production and consumption with emphasis on sites that might be developed for production.
PDF The principal rare earth elements deposits of the United States-A summary of domestic deposits and a global perspective [More info]
Explains the geologic setting in which these deposits are found, with information about production and the processes used to extract these valuable mineral resources.
PDF The rare-earth elements: vital to modern technologies and lifestyles [More info]
Explains where and how deposits of these elements form, trends in supply and demand, how we use them, and how they may affect the environment.
PDF A methodology for conducting national-scale alluvial diamond resource potential and production capacity assessments, with a focus on artisanal mining [More info]
Geologic evidence, combined with geographical data and analyized through a geographic information system allows us to compare production statistics with likely resource estimates.
PDF Application of the SPARROW watershed model to describe nutrient sources and transport in the Missouri River Basin [More info]
Maps and diagrams showing how the mathematical model predicts the distribution of various pollutants within a large watershed.
Arsenic in ground water of the United States [More info]
Arsenic is a naturally occurring element in rocks, soils, and the waters in contact with them. It is found in ground water as the result of minerals dissolving from weathered rocks and soils. This site links to data, maps, and more.
PDF Assessing the vulnerability of public-supply wells to contamination: Rio Grande aquifer system in Albuquerque, New Mexico [More info]
Explains the natural and human-affected factors that determine the concentration of contaminants in groundwater, especially where the concentration is different at the surface than at depth, and where pumping varies with time.
PDF Beryllium--important for national defense [More info]
How this element is used, where we get it, and prospects for worldwide supply and demand.
PDF Biochar for soil fertility and natural carbon sequestration [More info]
Explains what biochar is and how it is formed, its potential use in both fertilizer and carbon sequestration, and some of the research questions remaining to be addressed before we can utilize it fully in practical ways.
PDF Breccia-pipe uranium mining in northern Arizona; estimate of resources and assessment of historical effects [More info]
Estimates of uranium resources affected by land withdrawal, effects of previous breccia-pipe mining, water-chemistry data for streams and springs, and potential biological pathways of exposure to uranium and associated contaminants.
PDF Characterizing contaminant concentrations with depth by using the USGS well profiler in Oklahoma, 2003-9 [More info]
Use of specialized sampling equipment to study public water supply wells, with examples showing Arsenic in two aquifers.
China's rare-earth industry [More info]
Reviews production, consumption, and reserves and important policies and regulations regarding production and trade of rare earths, including recently announced export quotas.
PDF Chloride control and monitoring program in the Wichita River Basin, Texas, 1996-2009 [More info]
Chloride concentrations in this river have historically been high due to natural saltwater springs and seeps from geologic formations. We monitor the water to help assess the progress of human efforts designed to mitigate this problematic salinity.
PDF Chromium makes stainless steel stainless [More info]
Explains how we use chromium, the types of mineral deposits in which we find it, and the economic factors affecting supply and demand of this commodity.
PDF Cobalt-For strength and color [More info]
Explains how we use cobalt, where it comes from, and whether we have enough available.
PDF Conflict minerals from the Democratic Republic of the Congo: global tungsten processing plants, a critical part of the tungsten supply chain [More info]
Information about tungsten processing plants to help identify risks associated with the supply of this strategic resource and support decision making related to mineral supply.
PDF Copper - A Metal for the Ages [More info]
Sources, uses, and patterns of consumption of copper worldwide
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