Chemical elements and element groups
Groundwater quality in the Mojave area, California [ More info] Six elements with human-health concerns were detected at high concentrations: arsenic, boron, fluoride, molybdenum, strontium, and vanadium. Lead was present at moderate concentrations.
Groundwater quality in the Northern San Joaquin Valley, California [ More info] Arsenic and boron were the trace elements that most frequently occurred at high concentrations. Fumigants (pesticides) were detected at high concentrations in 3% of the primary aquifers. Herbicides and insecticides were detected at low concentrations.
Groundwater quality in the Owens Valley, California [ More info] Trace elements boron, arsenic, and molybdenum were found at high concentrations in 15% of primary aquifers in this area.
Groundwater quality in the San Diego Drainages Hydrogeologic Province, California [ More info] Vanadium and boron were detected at high and moderate concentrations in this area. High concentrations for these constituents were detected almost exclusively in samples collected in the Temecula Valley study area.
Groundwater quality in the north San Francisco Bay groundwater basins, California [ More info] Summary of chemical constituents of ground water that are of concern to human activity in this area. Arsenic is the constituent that occurs most frequently in high concentrations.
Investigating atmospheric mercury with the U.S. Geological Survey mobile mercury laboratory [ More info] Explains sources of mercury in the air, ways in which mercury is concentrated in animals, and describes how we measure deposition of atmospheric mercury, with summaries of observations.
Lead Poisoning in Wild Birds [ More info] Even though lead usage has declined due to environmental awareness and regulation, several human sources of lead continue to affect birds. Hunting ammunition and fishing gear are ingested by the birds, with toxic effects.
Lead-Soft and easy to cast [ More info] Explains how we use lead, where it comes from, and how we might ensure that we have adequate supplies of this mineral commodity in the future.
Lithium: for harnessing renewable energy [ More info] Explains how this element is used, where we get it, and prospects for future supply and demand.
Mercury Concentrations in Streams Found to Go Through Daily Cycles [ More info] Research findings and examples of application to real problems--highly variable conditions cause the production of toxic methyl mercury in the environment which accumulates in fish.
Mercury and halogens in coal--Their role in determining mercury emissions from coal combustion [ More info] Explains the complex relationships between coal, mercury, and halogens in light of ongoing efforts to reduce the emission of mercury into the environment.
Nickel - Makes stainless steel strong [ More info] Uses, sources, and history of Nickel as a mineral commodity.
Niobium and tantalum: indispensable twins [ More info] Explains why these elements are commonly discussed together, how they are used, where we get them, and prospects for future supply and demand.
Nutrients in the Nation's streams and groundwater: National findings and implications [ More info] Despite public sector efforts to reduce nonpoint-source nutrients in streams and rivers, concentrations have remained the same or increased, continuing to pose risks to aquatic life and human health.
Occurrence, distribution, and concentrations of selected contaminants in streambed- and suspended-sediment samples collected in Bexar County, Texas, 2007-09 [ More info] Study showing which chemicals found in sediments were most common, with methods used and likely consequences of their high concentrations.
Periodic table page [ More info] An "image map" periodic table and short notes about many isotopes and their applications to illustrate the uses of assorted isotopes in hydrology, geology, and biology.
Phosphorus and groundwater: Establishing links between agricultural use and transport to streams [ More info] Explains why phosphorus is important, how it moves through the terrestrial water system, how we measure it, and what this means for people who need to manage or monitor human activities that produce it.
Platinum-group elements: so many excellent properties [ More info] These elements, abbreviated as PGE, include platinum, palladium, rhodium, ruthenium, iridium, and osmium. They have similar physical and chemical properties and occur together in nature.
Preliminary Assessment of Non-Fuel Mineral Resources of Afghanistan, 2007 [ More info] Estimates of known and undiscovered copper resources total nearly 60 million metric tons of copper. Iron resources in known deposits total 2200 million metric tons of ore. Twenty mineralized areas meriting further study were identified.
Principal aquifers can contribute radium to sources of drinking water under certain geochemical conditions [ More info] Knowledge of the geochemical processes controlling radium occurrence in groundwater may help water-resource managers anticipate and minimize human exposure to this cancer-causing element.
Alphabetical Index of Topics
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