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U.S. Geological Survey Activities Related to American Indians and Alaska Natives
Fiscal Year 2003


Contents | Tribes | Organizations | States | Intro | Highlights | Education | Resource and Environmental | Technical | General Coordination and Policy | Future | Contact Us

Technical Assistance

Diagnostic Services. The USGS National Wildlife Heath Center (NWHC) provided diagnostic services to several Tribal organizations in 2003. Tissues from white-tailed deer, collected by the Lower Brule Sioux Tribal biologists, were specifically collected and submitted to the USGS Center as part of a chronic wasting disease (CWD) surveillance effort by the tribal wildlife managers. There has been no documented occurrence of CWD on or near the Lower Brule Reservation. However, the Tribe was being proactive in beginning to monitor their big game populations for this high profile disease that has been documented in free-ranging and captive wild cervids in other areas of South Dakota. Bald eagles were submitted to the NWHC by the Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation and from Tribal lands in Fluvanna County area of Virginia via the Wildlife Center (wildlife rehabilitators) in Virginia. The bald eagle from the Warm Springs Reservation was found dead whereas the bald eagle from Virginia was found alive on Tribal lands and died later at the Wildlife Center of Virginia. Both of these birds were submitted for diagnostic investigation in order to determine the cause of death. The Maniilaq Association of Alaska submitted a snow goose through the USFWS Selawik National Wildlife Refuge. The snow goose was collected by a Native subsistence hunter in Alaska and judged to be in abnormally poor body condition. The Tribal biologists submitted the bird the USGS Center to determine if there was a disease agent responsible for the poor body condition. Contact: Scott Wright, 608-270-2460, swright@usgs.gov

Satellite images of the Rodeo-Chediski wildfires in Arizona, the lands of the White Mountain Apache Tribe. USGS provided imagery to help firefighters control wildfires. (Imagery by the USGS EROS Data Center).
Satellite images of the Rodeo-Chediski wildfires in Arizona, the lands of the White Mountain Apache Tribe. USGS provided imagery to help firefighters control wildfires.
(Imagery by the USGS EROS Data Center).

USGS Information Helps Fire Management on Tribal Lands. The USGS EROS Data Center (EDC) provided imagery and analyses to assist Federal and non-federal resource managers who form Burned Area Emergency Response (BAER) teams in response to wildfires. In Fiscal Year 2003, the EDC responded to requests for these services due to fires on seven Native American reservations. The EDC staff obtained satellite images of the area before, during, and after the fire. The staff then generated an estimate of burn severity by comparing the pre- and post-fire images. The resulting EDC preliminary burn severity map and associated pre- and post-fire satellite images are provided to the BAER team for immediate use in generating their official and final soils burn severity map. The BAER team verified the USGS data in the field and added local expert knowledge when available. The BAER team then revised the maps based on the local data. This final soils burn severity map was used to develop many of the subsequent BAER team’s assessments, actions, and recommendations. The local managers were provided with a copy of all maps and images for future diverse resource management applications.Contact: Randy A. McKinley, 605-594-2745, rmckinley@usgs.gov

Fiscal Year 2003 DoI BAER Team Support for Wildland Fire Burn Mapping
Fire Name Reservation Tribe Date Approx. Acres
Rattlesnake Canyon Colville (WA) Colville Tribe 7/9/2003 10,600
Encebado Taos (NM) Pueblo of Taos 7/11/2003 5,400
Kinishba Fort Apache (AZ) White Mtn. Apache Tribe 7/18/2003 24,500
Molina* Nambe (NM) Pueblo of Nambe 7/20/2003 7,240
McGinnis Flats Colville (WA) Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation 7/25/2003 2,245
Balcony House Ute Mountain (CO) Ute Mountain Tribe 7/29/2003 2,750
Windmill Complex,
Craig II, others
Crow & Northern
Cheyenne (MT)
Crow & Northern Cheyenne Tribes of MT 8/25/2003 40,000
  Total 92,735
*Note that no suitable imagery was acquired for the Molina fire although several Landsat and ASTER attempts were analyzed.

Stream Gaging on the Meduxnekeag River. The Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians and the USGS began a cooperative stream-gaging project on the Meduxnekeag River in Maine. Two continuous, real-time river-flow gages were installed on the Meduxnekeag River to complement ongoing collaborative water-quality projects. Contact: Greg Stewart, 207-622-8205, ext. 118, gstewart@usgs.gov

Surface-Water Gaging Station and Temperature Probe, Keweenaw Bay Indian Community. In September 2001, the USGS installed a continuous-data stream-gaging station on the Silver River, which is tributary to Lake Superior, in a cooperative project with the Keweenaw Bay Indian Community Environmental Department. Data from the stream gage are available on a real-time basis. A real-time water temperature gage was added to the site in May 2002. The Keweenaw Bay Indian Community and other interested parties are currently investigating installation and operation of another continuous data stream-gaging station on the Falls River, which drains about 45 mi2 adjacent to the Silver River Basin and also flows into L’Anse Bay on Lake Superior. Contact: Tom Weaver, 906-786-0714, tlweaver@usgs.gov

Water-Resources Investigation for the Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians. In Fiscal Year 2002, the USGS and the Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians began a cooperative four-year study of surface-water quality and basin characteristics of Lac Vieux Desert. The 6.6 mi2 lake straddles the Michigan–Wisconsin border and is the headwaters of the Wisconsin River. In May and September 2002 and 2003, seven sites on the lake were sampled for a suite of physical parameters and chemical constituents to help USGS and Tribal scientists determine the general water quality and health of the 34 abbr title="miles">mi2 lake basin. Streamflow measurements were made of all tributaries to the lake as well as outflow into the Wisconsin River. Activities for Fiscal Year 2004 will include continued operation of the gaging station on Lac Vieux Desert and the Wisconsin River at the lake outlet, collection and analysis of spring or summer water-quality samples of the lake, analysis of ground-water/surface-water interaction within the lake basin, and determination of a water budget for the lake basin. A report summarizing data collection and other hydrologic information that will assist Tribal and non-Tribal planning will be produced in Fiscal Year 2004. Contact: Tom Weaver, 906-786-0714, tlweaver@usgs.gov

Nottawaseppi Huron Band of Potawatomi Water Issues. Little is known about surface- and ground-water resources beneath the lands of the Nottawaseppi Huron Band of Potawatomi. Tribal members living on the Reservation depend upon domestic water from fairly shallow wells completed in unconsolidated glacial and lacustrine deposits. Three small tributaries of the St. Joseph River system pass through agricultural land prior to crossing the Reservation. In Fiscal Year 2000, a four-year cooperative agreement was implemented between the Tribe and the USGS. The study investigated water quantity and quality of streams near the Reservation and agricultural pesticides in ground-water wells. USGS and Tribal environmental staff worked cooperatively on several aspects of the data collection effort. During Fiscal Year 2004, a report will be completed, summarizing data collection activities and other hydrologic information that will assist Tribal planning efforts. Tribal planners and environmental staff will continue to be challenged by water management options concerning housing development and widespread agricultural activities. The USGS report recommended future hydrologic studies to inform Tribal decisions affecting water quality and availability. Contact: Tom Weaver, 906-786-0714, tlweaver@usgs.gov

Bad River Streamflow, Sedimentation, and Erosion Study. The major objective of this study is to understand how streamflow, erosion, and sedimentation rates have changed in the Bad River and some of its key tributaries over time due to changes in land cover. It is not known if erosion and sedimentation are exceeding natural rates. The study began in Fiscal Year 2002 in cooperation with the Bad River Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians. Streamflow data from a long-term gaging station in the reservation was statistically analyzed for trends in peak and mean monthly flows. These data indicated that snowmelt runoff events are occurring earlier in the spring. Several large floods have occurred over the last 10 years. Erosion and sedimentation hot spots were identified by analysis of a series of historical aerial photographs. In Fiscal Year 2003, valley transects were constructed in key reaches with dominant processes of erosion, lateral migration, and sedimentation. Cores were collected along the valley transects and analyzed for sedimentation rates. Contact: Faith Fitzpatrick, 6088213818, fafitzpa@usgs.gov; Bad River Contact: Kirsten Cahow, 715-682-7123, brwater@badriver.com

Coring site along the Bad River near its mouth. Sediment core is held by Kirsten Cahow, Bad RIver Band.
Coring site along the Bad River near its mouth. Sediment core is held by Kirsten Cahow, Bad River Band. (Photo by Faith Fitzpatrick, USGS)

Ho-Chunk Water Quality. The USGS is assisting the Ho-Chunk Nation by assessing the hydrology and water quality of the streams on, and in close proximity to, Ho-Chunk lands. A USGS report entitled, "Surface-Water-Resource Information for the Ho-Chunk Nation Lands and Vicinity, Wisconsin," by M.W. Diebel and D.J. Sullivan, was published in Fiscal Year 2003 (USGS WaterResources Investigation Report 02–4307). The report included an analysis of existing information on chemical, physical, and biological investigations. Water-quality and biologic data collection was completed in Fiscal Year 2003 at the Ho-Chunk Nation sites. Fish and benthic invertebrate samples were collected at sites that had not been sampled in Fiscal Year 2002. Contact: Judith Coffman Thomas, 608-821-3814, juthomas@usgs.gov; Randy Poelma (Ho-Chunk Nation), 800-944-1652, Rpoelma@ho-chunk.com

Neopit Mill Pond Sedimentation And Sediment Chemistry Study. The Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin cooperated with the USGS on a study of sedimentation characteristics in Neopit Mill Pond, which was formed by damming the West Branch of the Wolf River. The USGS determined the texture, age, and organic and trace element chemistry of sediment stored behind the dam. The USGS staff, with the help of Menominee Tribe personnel, also mapped the pre-dam channel and topography of the West Branch of the Wolf River through the mill pond. An Open-File Report 03–23 was prepared and printed in 2003. Additional sediment chemistry sampling is scheduled for 2004. Contacts: Faith Fitzpatrick, 608-821-3818, fafitzpa@usgs.gov; Doug Cox (Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin), 715-799-4937, dcox@itol.com

Historical Trends in Streamflow, Sedimentation Rates, and Sediment Trace Element Concentrations Associated with the Wolf River, Keshena Falls to Balsam Row Dam. This project was designed to identify natural and historic concentrations of trace elements in streambed, floodplain, and backwater sediments of the Wolf River from Keshena Falls to Balsam Row Dam, mostly within the lands of the Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin. This cooperative study between the Menominee Tribe and the USGS also determined the range of historic (150+ years) variability of flooding and the sedimentation characteristics along the same reach of the Wolf River. Major factors affecting stream sedimentation and flooding characteristics—geologic/natural versus land-use effects—were identified. This study was completed and a report is being prepared. Contact: Faith Fitzpatrick, 608-821-3818, fafitzpa@usgs.gov; Doug Cox (Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin), 715-799-4937, dcox@itol.com

Simulation of Shallow Ground-Water Flow for the Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin, Using Analytic Element Modeling. The Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin is interested in furthering their understanding of the regional hydrogeology on their lands, including hydrogeologic controls on regional and local ground-water flow. The Tribe also has specific interest in determining the areas of recharge that contribute water to municipal wells in five small communities on the Reservation. To assist the Menominee Indian Tribe, the USGS constructed a single-layer analytic-element (AE) ground-water-flow model covering all of the Menominee Reservation. The calibrated AE ground-water model was used to characterize regional ground-water flow across the Reservation and to delineate the area of recharge to community wells for 5-, 10-, and 100-year times of travel. The results of this study will provide the Tribe with the necessary information to prepare a well-head protection strategy for community wells that will help ensure safe drinking water for its citizens. The AE ground-water-flow model was also used in Fiscal Year 2003 to assist the Tribe in choosing the site of a new municipal well for the town of Keshena. Model simulations were used to identify locations that would provide sufficient water supply and have recharge areas within undeveloped Tribal lands. Publication of a USGS Water-Resources Investigation Report entitled, "Simulation of Shallow Ground-Water Flow on the Menominee Indian Reservation, Wisconsin, Using Analytic Element Modeling" is expected in Fiscal Year 2004. Contact: Charles Dunning, 608-821-3827, cdunning@usgs.gov; Gary Schuettpelz (Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin), 715-799-4937, gschuett@mail.wiscnet.net

Simulation of Shallow Ground-Water Flow for the Stockbridge-Munsee Indian Band of Mohican Indians, Using Analytic Element Modeling. The Stockbridge-Munsee Band of Mohican Indians is interested in furthering their understanding of the regional hydrogeology on their lands, and how that controls shallow ground-water flow. The Tribe is specifically interested in shallow ground-water flow in the Red Springs area, where farm land will be developed for residential neighborhoods over the next several years. The Tribe has concerns that past farming practices may adversely affect water quality in private wells. To assist the Stockbridge-Munsee Tribe, the USGS constructed a single-layer analytic element (AE) groundwater model, the near-field of which covers all of the Stockbridge-Munsee Reservation. The calibrated AE groundwater model was used to characterize regional groundwater flow across the Reservation, and to simulate groundwater flow paths at specific locations of interest in the Red Springs area. The results of this study are directly relevant to the Tribe as they formulate their well-head protection strategy, providing safe drinking water in community wells, and manage residential development. The AE ground-water-flow model has also been used during Fiscal Year 2003 to assist the Tribe in choosing a site for a new municipal well for Tribal properties along County Road A, including their Health Center and the Casino. Model simulations were used to identify locations that would provide sufficient water supply and whose recharge areas were within undeveloped Tribal lands. Publication of a USGS Water-Resources Investigation Report entitled, " Simulation of Shallow Ground-Water Flow on the Stockbridge-Munsee Indian Reservation, Wisconsin, Using Analytic Element Modeling" is expected in Fiscal Year 2004. Contact: Charles Dunning, 6088213827, cdunning@usgs.gov; Greg Bunker (Stockbridge-Munsee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin), 715-793-5118, gbunker@frontiernet.net

Oneida Hydrologic Investigations. The objectives of this cooperative project with the Oneida Tribe of Wisconsin are to collect long-term water-quality data at two sites and to perform trend analysis for pesticides, nutrients, and suspended sediment. Results of the study will assist Oneida officials with environmental and developmental planning. Contact: Kevin Richard, 608-821-3861, krichard@usgs.gov; Jim Snitgen (Oneida Tribe of Wisconsin), 920-869-5812

Hydrogeology and Ground-Water Flow Near the Indian Mission and Sand Pillow Communities, Ho-Chunk Nation. The Ho-Chunk Nation expects considerable growth in the Indian Mission and Sand Pillow communities, Jackson County, Wisconsin. As a result of new housing and community construction, and planned expansion of the Ho Chunk casino and hotel, projected demand for water in 5 years is 114,000 gallons per day (gal/d). In 20 years, projected demand is 216,000 gal/d. The Ho Chunk Nation wants to plan to meet anticipated water demands by providing an efficient and sustainable water supply, so understanding the geology and hydrology of the aquifer is necessary. Wells in this area have been completed in three different aquifers: crystalline bedrock, sandstone bedrock, and unconsolidated sands and clays. A field geologic investigation and evaluation of existing well and geological data were used to provide input to a regional, single-layer, analytic-element model. Model simulations and the geologic information were used to identify locations that had favorable characteristics for providing the quantity of water needed by the Tribe. Monitoring wells have been installed at selected locations and water-quality evaluation is underway. Contact: Charles Dunning, 608-8213827, cdunning@usgs.gov; James Dunning (Ho-Chunk Nation Office of Environmental Health), 715-284-7548, jdunning@ho-chunk.com

Real-Time Lake Stage Monitoring for the Prairie Island Indian Community. The Prairie Island Indian Community and the USGS have installed two real-time lake stage monitors. The Community is concerned about stage fluctuations and flooding in Sturgeon Lake that may affect the tribal residences and pleasure boat traffic adjacent to the Community. Contact: Don Hansen, 763-783-3250, dshansen@usgs.gov

Spirit Lake Nation Wetlands Ecology. USGS biologists are assisting staff of the Spirit Lake Nation’s Tribal EPA Office in developing and implementing a biological assessment system to monitor the condition of wetlands on Tribal lands. This effort includes classroom and field workshops on biological monitoring techniques for Tribal staff. Additionally, USGS biologists are providing onsite assistance needed to select wetlands to monitor and implement the biological assessments of plant, invertebrate, and amphibian communities of Tribal wetlands. Contact: Ned H. Euliss, Jr., 701-253-5564, ned_Euliss@usgs.gov

Spirit Lake Tribe Capacity Building. The USGS provides Spirit Lake Tribal staff technical assistance and quality assurance regarding the collection, processing, and shipping of water-quality samples. The Tribe has their water-quality samples processed by the USGS National Water Quality Laboratory. Contact: Douglas G. Emerson, 701-250-7402, demerson@usgs.gov

Online Geographic Information Systems Course at Sinte Gleska University. Sinte Gleska University (SGU) and the USGS signed a Memorandum of Understanding in 2000 to cooperatively improve science education for Native American students. During 2003, the partnership resulted in the creation and maintenance of an online course, Lakota Studies 400, Introduction to Geographic Systems, (GIS). SGU endorsed this online course as part of its long-term goal of establishing the University as a center of excellence for spatial analysis. The course includes spatial data, readings, and laboratory exercises in population, land use, natural hazards, business climate, site selection, and other topics, using the power of spatial analysis. The online course is available at http://rockyweb.cr.usgs.gov/public/outreach/sgu/sgugis.html. Contact: Joseph Kerski, 303-202-4315, jjkerski@usgs.gov; James Rattling Leaf, (SGU), 605-856-4262, jamesrl@sinte.edu

Capacity Building With the Osage Nation. The USGS conducted a three-day introductory course on field water-quality methods for surface water for the Osage Nation Environmental Staff in September 2003. The course included discussions on site selection, proper sampling equipment, equipment cleaning, field forms and checklists, surface-water sampling theory, field parameters, and microbiology. The final day of the course included a field trip to a surface-water site where the Osage members practiced collecting field parameters, collected water-quality samples and a stream discharge measurement, and processed the samples. Contact: Kelli DeHay, 918-254-6651, kdehay@usgs.gov

Navajo Surface Water Project. The USGS and the Navajo Nation continue cooperating on the Navajo Surface Water Project, which helps personnel of the Navajo Nation’s Water Resources Department compute streamflow records and operate their streamflow-gaging stations. The USGS is providing technical assistance to Navajo hydrologists and technicians by populating databases with hydrologic data to compute and store streamflow data. USGS scientists also are training Navajo personnel to compute records and develop rating curves. Additionally, USGS personnel are providing quality assurance for the project. The USGS currently operates two streamflow gages in cooperation with the Navajo Nation to provide near-real-time hydrologic data and to provide training opportunities to Tribal personnel. Contact: Gregory G. Fisk, 520-556-7225, ggfisk@usgs.gov

Navajo Wetlands. USGS scientists continue studying the effectiveness of a constructed wetland built to improve the quality of the wastewater from the community of Piñon, Navajo Nation, for reuse and/or discharge. In addition to improving water quality, this wetland was designed to provide wildlife habitat that is scarce in the area. This is a cooperative effort among the Navajo Nation, the Indian Health Service, the Bureau of Reclamation, and the USGS. Besides collecting water-quality data at this site annually since 1999, the group has been collecting sediments vegetation, and macroinvertebrates annually for bioaccumulation studies of certain chemical elements. Results from this research will provide information on how and when to build additional treatment wetland cells for further development in the Piñon area and in other remote locations within the arid Southwest. Sampling was done during July 2003, but due to a local construction project requiring the use of the wetland water, the fall 2003 sampling was postponed. Assuming the wetland will be in full operation throughout 2004, summer and fall sampling are planned. Contact: Joan Thullen, 303-445-2212, joan_thullen@usgs.gov; James Sartoris, 303-445-2230, james_j_sartoris@usgs.gov

Hualapai Water Monitoring Program. The USGS is cooperating with the Hualapai Tribe by providing technical assistance and on-site training to Hualapai personnel with their water-resources monitoring program. USGS personnel trained the Tribal hydrologic technician to collect sediment data and measure streamflow. The Tribal technician also was trained to properly and safely use a cableway, located at the Colorado River above the Diamond Creek gage. Contact: Robert J. Hart, 928-556-7137, bhart@usgs.gov; Gregory G. Fisk, 928-556-7225, ggfisk@usgs.gov

Hopi Water Monitoring Program. The USGS continues cooperating with the Hopi Tribe by providing technical assistance and training to Hopi personnel concerning their surface-water resources monitoring program. USGS personnel trained the Tribal hydrologic technician to measure streamflow discharge at Hopi surface-water gages. Contact: Robert J. Hart, 928-556-7137, bhart@usgs.gov; Gregory G. Fisk, 928-556-7225, ggfisk@usgs.gov

White Mountain Apache Stream-Gaging Cooperation. The White Mountain Apache Tribe permitted USGS staff to access stream gages on Tribal lands under the terms of an Intergovernmental Agreement. USGS staff provided training to White Mountain Apache Tribal staff in water-quality and surface-water data collection techniques. The USGS staff are also providing technical assistance and training on the USGS Automated Data Processing System (ADAPS), used to manage hydrologic data. Contact: Christopher Smith, 520-670-6671 ext. 251, cfsmith@usgs.gov

Yavapai-Prescott Water Monitoring Program. The USGS continues to cooperate with the Yavapai-Prescott Indian Tribe by providing technical assistance and training to Yavapai-Prescott personnel with their water-resources monitoring program. During Fiscal Year 2003, the Tribe began operating and maintaining a crest-stage gage network following training with the USGS staff. This activity demonstrates successful collaboration that enhances Tribal capabilities. The USGS also provided technical assistance with well-log interpretations for ground-water wells and measuring ground-water levels on Yavapai-Prescott lands. This program was designed to assist the Tribe in managing its water resources and to provide water-quality data that the Tribe can use to assess the health of Tribal members by meeting EPA water-quality standards. Contact: Robert J. Hart, 928-556-7137, bhart@usgs.gov; Gregory G. Fisk, 928-556-7225, ggfisk@usgs.gov

Hydrologic Information for the Walker River Paiute Tribe. During irrigation season, the USGS collected pH and conductance measurements for the Walker River Paiute Tribe. The information will help the Tribe in managing its water quality. Contact: Kerry Garcia, 775-887-7659, ktgarcia@usgs.gov

Restoration of the Elwha River Ecosystem. Scientists from the USGS are providing technical advice to the National Park Service (NPS) and the Lower Elwha Tribal Community of the Lower Elwha Reservation on restoration of the Elwha River ecosystem. As part of this project, the USGS conducted a workshop in March 2003 for NPS and Tribal employees to provide a synthesis of research in progress associated with dam removal. Restoration of anadromous fisheries is a priority for Tribes on the Olympic Peninsula. Contact: Edward Schreiner, 3605653044, ed_schreiner@usgs.gov

Peer Review of Hydrologic Investigations and a Ground-Water Model of the Lummi Indian Reservation. The Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) is assisting the Lummi Tribe in investigations to determine the ground-water resources on the reservation available for Tribal use. At BIA’s request, USGS hydrologists are providing technical review of the hydrologic data collected and technical oversight/review of a ground-water model of the Lummi Peninsula that is being constructed by a private contractor. Contact: Brian Drost, 253-428-3600, ext. 2642, bwdrost@usgs.gov

Streamgaging by the Hoopa Valley Tribe. Hoopa Valley Tribal employees are operating four gaging stations in the Trinity River watershed under the general direction of and quality assurance review by USGS scientists. Tribal employees have attended USGS classes on sediment measurement, in addition to on-the-job training during USGS field work. As part of the Trinity River Restoration Program, the Hoopa Valley Tribe is planning to expand its role in taking stream-discharge measurements and sediment sampling. Contact: Jim Bowers, 760-247-1401, jcbowers@usgs.gov

Technical Support to Habematolel Pomo of Upper Lake. USGS hydrologists provided USGS reports and literature citations for non-USGS reports in response to requests from the Habematolel Pomo of Upper Lake for information related to mercury in Clear Lake and adjacent areas. An Indian-led Clear Lake watershed initiative resulted in a grant proposal to the EPA for support. The proposal was highly rated but was not funded by EPA. A refined and updated proposal will be submitted by the Tribe in Fiscal Year 2004. A USGS representative will continue in an active advisory role. Contact: Walter Swain, 916-278-3024, wcswain@usgs.gov

Owens Valley Indian Water Commission Technical Discussions. USGS hydrologists continued providing information to the Owens Valley Indian Water Commission on ground water and its use by American Indians and the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power. This included USGS review of a third party ground-water model for the Water Commission. The project has been completed, but the USGS anticipates additional requests for assistance in Fiscal Year 2004. Contact: Wes Danskin, 8586376832, wdanskin@usgs.gov

USGS Technical Assistance to Bureau of Indian Affairs. The USGS continues to provide networking support to the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). USGS employees provided technical expertise and designs to assist BIA with internal communications after BIA computers were taken off-line. Part of the design was implemented in Alaska in Fiscal Year 2002. Some additional routing issues were resolved throughout BIA during Fiscal Year 2003. Contact: Pat Murphy, 650-329-4044, pmurphy@noc.usgs.net

Surface-Water Monitoring Stations. The USGS Water Resources District operated the following surface-water monitoring stations in Fiscal Year 2003, usually with cooperative funding from the Tribe, the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), or a third party:

Number
of Stations
Cooperator Contact
2 Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians Contact: Greg Stewart (Maine),
207-622-8205, ext. 118, gstewart@usgs.gov
2 Seminole Tribe of Florida & South Florida Water Management District (includes two continuous recorders with Tribal nutrient autosamplers) Contact: Mitch Murray (Florida),
305-717-5827, mmurray@usgs.gov
1 Keweenaw Bay Indian Community Contact: Tom Weaver (Michigan),
906-786-0714, tlweaver@usgs.gov
2 Sokaogon Chippewa, Mole Lake Band Contact: Rob Waschbusch (Wisconsin),
608-821-3868, rjwaschb@usgs.gov
1 Bad River Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians
1 Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin  
1 Oneida Tribe of Wisconsin  
1 Stockbridge-Munsee Band of Mohican Indians  
2 Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians  
1 Grand Portage Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Contact: Kevin Guttormson (Minnesota),
218-326-1297, kgguttor@usgs.gov
1 Bois Forte Band, Nett Lake Community  
2 Three Affiliated Tribes Contact: Douglas Emerson (North Dakota),
701-250-7402, demerson@usgs.gov
1 Bureau of Indian Affairs and Crow Creek Tribe Contact: Ralph Teller (South Dakota),
605-355-4560 ext. 222, rwteller@usgs.gov
1 Bureau of Indian Affairs and Oglala Sioux Tribe  
1 Bureau of Indian Affairs and Oglala Sioux Tribe (crest-stage only)  
1 Bureau of Indian Affairs and Rosebud Sioux Tribe  
1 Bureau of Indian Affairs and Yankton Sioux Tribe  
3 Lower Brule Sioux Tribe (crest-stage only)  
3 Oglala Sioux Tribe  
1 Rosebud Sioux Tribe  
1 Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe  
2 Standing Rock Sioux Tribe  
2 Omaha Tribe of Nebraska and Iowa Contact: Phil Soenksen (Nebraska),
402-437-5156, pjsoenks@usgs.gov
2 Santee Sioux Tribe of Nebraska  
1 Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska  
1 Citizen Potawatomi Nation Contact: Robert Blazs (Oklahoma),
405-810-4419, rblazs@usgs.gov
7 Blackfeet Nation Contact: Wayne Berkas (Montana),
406-457-5900, wrberkas@usgs.gov
1 Chippewa Cree Tribes of the Rocky Boy's Reservation  
9 Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes  
2 Fort Peck Assiniboine and Sioux Tribes  
4 Northern Cheyenne Tribe  
11 Bureau of Indian Affairs  
20 Tribal Water Engineer through the Joint Business Council of the Northern Arapaho and Eastern Shoshone Tribes (Wind River Reservation) Contact: Bob Swanson (Wyoming),
307-778-2931, rswanson@usgs.gov
4 Tribal Water Engineer through the Joint Business Council of the Northern Arapaho and Eastern Shoshone Tribes (Wind River Reservation)(canal rating maintenance)  
2 Southern Ute Indian Tribe Contact: Bob Boulger (Colorado),
970-245-5257, ext. 21, rboulger@usgs.gov
1 Ute Mountain Ute Tribe  
7 Bureau of Indian Affairs Contact: Rene Garcia (New Mexico),
505-830-7903, rggarcia@usgs.gov
2 Pueblo of Zuni  
1 Isleta Pueblo, flood stage gage  
1 Nez Perce Tribe Contact: Thomas S. Brennan (Idaho),
208-387-1366, tbrennan@usgs.gov
4 Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA)  
3 Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe Contact: Kerry Garcia (Nevada),
775-887-7659, ktgarcia@usgs.gov
1 Summit Lake Paiute Tribe  
1 Shoshone-Paiute Tribes  
10 Walker River Paiute Tribe  
1 Bureau of Indian Affairs & Peabody Coal Co. (Navajo Reservation) Contact: Christopher Smith (Arizona),
520-670-6671, ext. 251, cfsmith@usgs.gov
1 Arizona Department of Water Resources (Navajo Reservation)  
2 Bureau of Indian Affairs (Navajo Reservation)  
2 Hopi Tribe  
2 Havasupai Tribe  
3 Bureau of Indian Affairs (Hualapai Tribe)  
6 Yavapai-Prescott Indian Tribe (2 continuous records and 4 crest-stage gages)  
1 Tohono O'odham Nation  
3 Pueblo of Zuni  
3 Bureau of Indian Affairs (White Mountain Apache Tribe)  
1 Coeur d'Alene Tribe Robert Kimbrough (Washington),
253-428-3600, ext. 2608, rakimbro@usgs.gov
7 Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation  
4 Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation  
2 Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe  
26 Lummi Nation  
1 uni  
2 Nisqually Indian Tribe  
1 Nooksack Indian Tribe  
1 Quileute Tribe  
1 Quileute Indian Nation  
1 Skokomish Tribe of Indians  
3 Spokane Tribe of Indians  
7 The Tulalip Tribes  
2 Bureau of Indian Affairs  
11 Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation Contact: Thomas A. Herrett (Oregon),
503-251-3239, herrett@usgs.gov
1 Nez Perce Tribe  
7 Hoopa Valley Tribe Contact: James Bowers (California),
760-247-1401, jcbowers@usgs.gov
1 Karuk Tribe of California  
2 Tule River Tribe  
1 Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium Contact: David Meyer (Alaska),
907-786-7141, dfmeyer@usgs.gov
1 Central Council of the Tlingit and Haida Indian Tribes of Alaska  
1 Cheesh'Na Tribal Council  
1 Eklkutna, Native Village  
1 Haida Corporation  

Water-Quality Monitoring Stations. The USGS Water Resources District collected water-quality data at the following sites in Fiscal Year 2003, usually with cooperative funding from the Tribe:

Number
of Stations
Cooperator Contact
4 Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians (lake sites) Contact: Douglas Emerson (North Dakota),
701-250-7402, demerson@usgs.gov
12 Northern Cheyenne Tribe; Crow Tribe of Indians (Tongue River) Contact: John Lambing (Montana),
406-457-5900, jlambing@usgs.gov
6 Fort Peck Assiniboine and Sioux Tribes  
1 Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe Contact: Kerry Garcia (Nevada),
775-887-7659, ktgarcia@usgs.gov
4 Walker River Paiute Tribe  
2 Karuk Tribe of California Contact: James Bowers (California),
760-247-1401, jcbowers@usgs.gov

Ground-Water Monitoring Stations. The USGS Water Resources District operated the following ground-water monitoring stations in Fiscal Year 2003, usually with cooperative funding from the Tribe:

Number
of Stations
Cooperator Contact
1 Collection of Basic Records (CBR) program (observation well located on Kaibab Band of Paiute Indians Reservation) Contact: Christopher Smith (Arizona),
520-670-6671, ext. 251, cfsmith@usgs.gov
6 Bureau of Indian Affairs (Navajo Nation and Hopi Tribe)  
15 Pechanga Band and Morongo Band of Mission Indians (wells for monthly depth to water) Contact: James Bowers (California),
760-247-1401, jcbowers@usgs.gov
3 Pechanga Band and Morongo Band of Mission Indians (continuous record wells)  
6 Pechanga Band and Morongo Band of Mission Indians (wells for annual water quality)  

Lake-Stage Monitoring Stations. The USGS Water Resources District operated the following lake-stage monitoring stations, to determine lake levels, in Fiscal Year 2003, usually with cooperative funding from the Tribe:

Number
of Stations
Cooperator Contact
2 Prarie Island Indian Community Contact: Don Hansen, 763-783-3250,
dshansen@usgs.gov
3 Hopi Tribe Contact: Christoper Smith (Arizona),
520-670-6671, ext. 251,
cfsmith@usgs.gov
1 Pueblo of Zuni  

The contacts provided in the report were accurate at the time of publication. Please refer to the USGS Employee Directory or the Office of Tribal Relations contact page if you require information about a specific activity.

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