U.S. Geological Survey Manual
SM 445-2-H CHAPTER 1
Purpose, Authority and Policy
Instruction: Changes to this chapter were made to reflect changes made to the organizational structure during Bureau realignment.
1. Purpose. To set forth the policy for the implementation and administration of the Occupational Safety and Health Program (Program) for the U.S. Geological Survey (Bureau or USGS).
A. Public Law 91-596, Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, Sections 6 and 19.
B. Executive Order 12196, Occupational Safety and Health Programs for Federal Employees.
C. Title 29 CFR Part 1960, Basic Program Elements for Federal Employee Occupational Safety and Health Programs and Related Matters.
D. 43 U.S. Code Section 1457 (refers to public safety).
3. Policy. It is the policy of the USGS to:
A. Provide safe and healthful working conditions to protect personnel and the visiting public from injuries/illnesses and property from accidental damage.
B. Include occupational safety and health as an integral part of every operation.
C. Hold managers and supervisors accountable and provide them recognition for implementation and management of the Program within their scope of authority and responsibility.
D. Establish and maintain a staff of occupational safety and health professionals and collateral-duty safety program coordinators at appropriate levels within the organization to advise management in the development and implementation of an effective occupational safety and health program.
E. Require that no personnel be subjected to restraint, interference, coercion, discrimination, or reprisal for filing a report of an alleged unsafe or unhealthful working condition or for otherwise participating in the Program.
F. Provide personnel with the supervision, knowledge, and skills necessary to safely perform their assigned tasks.
G. Require personnel and supervisors to identify and correct unsafe and unhealthful conditions and to know and follow safe and healthful work rules and practices.
H. Use occupational safety and health committees, where appropriate, to enhance the Program. (See SM 445-2-H.9.)
I. Comply with applicable Program requirements of Executive Order 12196, 29 CFR 1960, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, and adopted national consensus standards.
J. Promote off-the-job safety and health of personnel through on-the-job safety and health activities.
K. Incorporate and enforce appropriate safety and health performance clause(s) in contracts with concessionaires and contractors.
L. In addition to Department of the Interior Manual 352 and 485 chapter requirements and general referenced requirements in paragraph 1 above, it is the USGS policy to additionally comply with the following program elements:
(1) Organizational Policies and Administration. Develops organizational policy, plans, programs, directives, and rules and interpretation of occupational safety and health policy and procedures to include management and personnel accountability; the establishment of councils, committees, and working groups that address occupational safety and health issues; and the designation of appropriate personnel and financial resources for program implementation.
(2) Standards. Ensures personnel awareness of and accessibility to applicable policy, documents, codes, regulations, and program standards.
(3) Occupational Safety and Health Program Evaluations and Program Planning. Evaluates program elements annually, inclusive of personal and financial resources, for the purpose of providing management with information on program effort and effectiveness and establishing short and long-term goals for program enhancement and implementation.
(4) Inspections. Conducts operational and facility surveys, inspections, evaluations, and staff visits for the purpose of identifying hazards within the workplace and determining the level of organizational compliance with standards.
(5) Hazard Identification and Abatement. Reports and corrects unsafe and unhealthful working conditions and identifies/corrects workplace hazards through job hazard analysis.
(6) Accident/Incident Investigation, Reporting, and Analysis. Investigates, reports, and analyzes accidents, providing recommended corrective actions and tracking corrective measures through abatement to prevent recurrence.
(7) Training. Identifies, develops, coordinates, schedules, and conducts required training for target audiences and professional development of personnel.
(8) Promotion and Awareness. Develops Standard and Regulatory compliance assistance, awards, and recognition programs; develops safety and health promotion/awareness plans.
(9) Industrial Hygiene/Occupational Medicine. Includes hearing conservation, respiratory protection, exposure assessments, personal protective equipment, and laboratory safety.
(10) Fire Protection, Prevention, and Response. Ensures USGS facilities and operations are compliant with established fire safety practices and policies.
(11) Motor Vehicles and Motorized Equipment. Ensures that operators of motorized vehicles are identified and trained and that equipment is maintained in safe working condition.
(12) Contractor, Concessionaire, Volunteer, and Public Safety. Provides equivalent safety protections for subject personnel.
(13) Specialized Program Assistance/Coordination. Includes aviation, firearms, diving, large vessels, and watercraft activities.
(14) High Hazard Operations. Includes radiation safety, blasting safety, confined space entry, electrofishing, rocket netting operations, electrical safety, and field safety.
Katherine McCulloch /s/___________________________ 9/14/2014__________
Katherin McCulloch Date
Acting Deputy Associate Director for Administration