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U.S. Geological Survey Manual

SM 445-2-H CHAPTER 4

Safety and Health Standards, Procedures, and Guidelines

4.1  Purpose. To specify the minimum Occupational Safety and Health Program (Program) requirements for the development and adoption of safety and health standards, guidelines, and procedures if Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) or other Federal or adopted national consensus standards do not meet Department of the Interior (Departmental or DOI) and U.S. Geological Survey (Bureau or USGS) needs.

4.2  References.

A.    29 CFR 1960, Subpart C, Standards.

B.    Section 6 of the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHAct).

C.    Public Buildings Act of 1959, Section 21, Compliance with Nationally Recognized Codes.

4.3  Requirements.

A.    The USGS will comply with applicable Departmental, OSHA, and other Federal agency standards, Executive Order 12196, and adopted national consensus standards. Where conflicts exist among these standards, the most appropriate requirement will be used.  he USGS may establish more stringent requirements.

B.    If essential standards do not exist or existing standards are not adequate, the Office of Managing Risk and Public Safety (MRPS) and/or the USGS will develop them, using the following process:

(1)      The USGS Safety and Environmental Management Branch prepares a statement for the Secretary of the Interior to use in notifying the Secretary of Labor of the Department’s intent to develop an alternate standard. The statement is routed through MRPS and the Departmental Designated Agency Safety and Health Official.

(2)      The proposed standard is provided for comment to affected employees or their representatives.

(3)      The final draft of the standard is sent to the Secretary of Labor prior to final adoption, along with any written comments on the standard from employees or their representatives.

(4)      Upon the Secretary of Labor’s approval, the standard may be adopted by the Department and Bureau.

C.    When USGS personnel work jointly with employees of other Federal agencies and conflicts exist between the agencies’ standards, the more stringent of the standards will apply unless agreements are reached between the agencies.

D.    USGS personnel will comply with adopted standards, consistent with laws and regulations of State and local governments, when they do not conflict with more stringent Departmental or USGS standards.

E.     Special requirements applicable to and adopted by the Department and USGS include:

(1)  Highway Safety Act of 1973, as amended.

(2)  Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1986, as amended.

(3)  Construction Safety Act of 1969, as amended.

(4)  29 CFR Parts 1910, 1915,1918, 1925, 1926 1928 and 1960, as amended.

(5)  Service Contract Act off, as amended.

(6)  Radiation Control forHealth and Safety Act of 1968, as amended.

(7)  National Fire Codes (latest edition).

(8)  American NationalStandards (ANS) (latest edition).

(9)  Uniform Building Code(latest edition).

(10)  40 CFR Parts 152-180,(Pesticides), as applicable and amended.

(11)  49 CFR Parts 171-179 and 397 (Hazardous Material Transport), as amended.

(12)  24 CFR Applicable parts, Housing and Urban Development regulations on lead-based paints, as amended.

(13)  National Consensus Standards, as applicable.

(14)  Executive Order (EO), “Occupational Safety and Health Programs for Federal Employees,” dated Feb. 26, 1980.

(15)  NationalFire Protection Life Safety Codes (LSC).

(16)  National Electrical Codes (NEC).

(17)  Department Manual, Parts 350-354 “Aviation Management” and related Operational Procedures Memoranda.

(18)  Department Manual, Part 485, Safety and Occupational HealthProgram, revised 1999.

(19)  Department of the Interior Occupational Medicine ProgramHandbook, March 1998.

(20)  Department Manual, Part 500, Environmental chapters.

(21)  USGS 445-1-H, Environmental Management and Compliance ProgramRequirements Handbook.

(22)  USGS 445-2-H Safety Manual, Occupational Safety and HealthProgram Requirements Handbook.

(23)  USGS Environmental Compliance Guide, December 1994.

(24)  USGS Scientific Dive Manual.

(25)  “Guidelines for Effective Chemical Waste Management for USGSWater Resources Laboratories.”

(26)  Edwards, Thomas K., USGS. “A Primer: Working from Boats.”Available at

(27)  National Field Manual for the Collection of Water QualityData, Chapter A9, Safety in Field Activities.

(28)  A Guide to Safe Field Operations, “Open-file Report 95-777.”Available at http://1stop/

(29)  USGS Field Manual, USGS-445-3-H.

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U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA, USA
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Last modification: 28-Aug-2002@16:58 (kk)