Photo and Video Chronology - Kīlauea - February 25, 2005

Release Date:

Puu Oo to the ocean

Three spatter cones at June 25 vent, with south flank of Puu Oo in foreground. Middle cone is spitting Pele's Tears, visible in large image.

(Public domain.)

Margin of lava stream in east branch of PKK flow on Pulama pali. This flow has a crust of aa but a relatively fluid interior. Width of view, about 8 m.

(Public domain.)

Aerial view of East Laeapuki ocean entry. The two small deltas forming on February 23 have merged to form one small delta. A couple of lava trickles are visible on sea cliff in large view. Height of cliff, 12-15 m.

(Public domain.)

Three plumes of laze, mainly steam but containing dilute hydrochloric acid and tiny bits of glass, rise from front of Kailiili lava delta. This entry was the most active today.

(Public domain.)

Lava pours into the sea off the front and side of the eastern delta of the East Laeapuki ocean entry.

(Public domain.)

Large view of right lava stream in left image.

(Public domain.)

Both images taken from same places as the two images above.

Looking down onto east delta from top of sea cliff just east of main cascades. Right image gives context. This double stream is the one shown in first two images above.

(Public domain.)

Wider view of east delta, with West Highcastle (laze plume visible) and points beyond in background.

(Public domain.)

Nearly full Snow Moon above east delta at East Laeapuki in predawn darkness.

(Public domain.)

Moon is starting to disappear over horizon, and dawn is coming on.

(Public domain.)

Map of flows from Puu Oo: 2 February 2005

Map shows lava flows erupted during 1983-present activity of Puu Oo and Kupaianaha.

Yellow, brown, and red colors indicate lava flows erupted from October 2003 to early February 2005. Yellow shade indicates currently active Kuhio (PKK) flow, active most of the time from March 20, 2004 through present (February 1, 2005). Its large eastern arm feeds the Kailiili ocean entry. Its western arm once supplied lava to Laeapuki, but now the west branch of that arm carries lava to the West Highcastle entry. The middle arm of the PKK flow has not amounted to much and hangs high on Pulama pali between the western and eastern arms.

Brown shade denotes MLK flows, which first erupted in January 2004, and, in brief spurts, subsequently.

Red indicates the Mother's Day/Banana flow, which is no longer active. Short flows from the crater, West Gap, and Puka Nui vents are also shown in red. Only the Puka Nui vent is currently producing infrequent, small flows.

New vents opened at the southern base of Puu Oo on January 19, 2004 and fed Martin Luther King (MLK) flows, which remained active until March 5, 2004. Since then, several more vents have formed in the MLK area and continue to erupt intermittently. On March 20, 2004 the Kuhio (PKK) flow originated from two vents, about 250 m south of base of Puu Oo. This flow has been continuously active since July 26, 2004.

The Banana flow developed from breakouts from the Mother's Day lava tube, centered near the former Banana Tree kipuka. The breakouts become prominent in the middle of April and lava started down Pulama pali shortly thereafter. The Banana flow fed an ocean entry from the end of May through the beginning of August. This flow stagnated early in September 2004, and Mother's Day tube died late in 2004.

(Public domain.)

Map of Puu Oo and vicinity: 24 August 2004

Map shows vents, lava flows, and other features near Puu Oo frequently referred to in updates (see large map). These features change often, but this map should help those viewers lost in the terminology. The cones in West Gap are just outside the boundary of the crater--the oval-shaped depression containing the seven numbered vents (now down to 6, as Humble Vent has been buried by a mound of lava flows erupted from Dave's Pit/Vent in March. Red color denotes flows--the Mother's Day flows--erupted since May 12, 2002. Light orange color indicates episode-55 flows erupted between March 1997 and August 2002 (exclusive of Mother's Day flows). Darker orange represents MLK flows; yellow, PKK flow; purple, Puka Nui flow. Vents for these sets of flows shown by indicated symbols. Gray shows flows of earlier episodes.

(Public domain.)