Photo and Video Chronology - Kīlauea - May 31, 2004

Release Date:

Banana makes it to the coast

This is a photo of surface of Wilipe`a lava delta.

Looking east across surface of Wilipe`a lava delta. Lava is pouring over old sea cliff (upper middle ground) bounding delta and flows across surface toward ocean. Top of Pulama pali on skyline. Width of view, about 70 m. Steam blows into view from ocean entry.

(Public domain.)

This is a photo of lava entering ocean.

Glow from lava entering ocean backlights steam plume rising from entry point.

(Public domain.)

 

This is a photo of a stream of lava pouring off front of Wilipe`a delta into the Pacific.

Stream of lava pours off front of 1.5-yr-old Wilipe`a delta into the Pacific. Length of flow, about 8 m.

(Public domain.)

This is a photo of a pacific sunrise over the ocean entry into the Pacific Ocean.

A pacific sunrise over the ocean entry into the Pacific Ocean.

(Public domain.)

 

This is a photo of lava pouring over steep front of Wilipe`a delta into water.

Lava pours over steep front of Wilipe`a delta into water, generating steam plume. Lighter hues denote hot flow.

(Public domain.)

This is a photo of lava on steep front and base of delta.

Close up shot of lava on steep front and base of delta.

(Public domain.)

 

This is a photo of pebbles and cobbles in surf zone.

Pebbles and cobbles in surf zone await Banana lava.

(Public domain.)

This is a photo of falls and cascades of lava down old sea cliff and onto surface of Wilipe`a delta.

Falls and cascades of lava down old sea cliff and onto surface of Wilipe`a delta. This lava goes into a developing tube system that inflates flow on delta surface. Height of falls, about 8 m. 0646.

(Public domain.)

 

This is a photo of lava falls.

Middle lava falls in right image above. Note flakes of crust riding down the falls.

(Public domain.)

This is a photo of photographers taking pictures of a lava flow.

The butts have it, as photographers work hard for just the right take.

(Public domain.)

 

Map of flows from Pu`u `O`o: 21 May 2004

This is a map of flows from Pu`u `O`o.

Map shows lava flows erupted during 1983-present activity of Pu`u `O`o and Kupaianaha.

Shades of red denote Mother's Day flow, which began erupting on May 12, 2002 and continues to the present. Darkest shade indicates lava flows erupted in November 2003-21 May 2004, including the labeled Banana flow, which developed gradually starting in the middle of April. Yellow stars indicate centers of formerly active, but now dead, rootless shields built along lava tube in Mother's Day flow. Yellow shade indicates Kuhio (Prince Kuhio Kalaniana`ole) flow, active most of the time from March 20 to May 21. As of May 21, most activity was located south of the rootless shield complex in the Banana flow, fed by the Banana branch of the Mother's Day tube. The Kuhio flow remains active, too.

Through September and into early October 2003, lava was moving along the east and west sides of the Mother's Day flow. The east-side lava (known as the August 9 breakout) came from the August 9 rootless shield, itself fed by the main Mother's Day tube from Pu`u `O`o. The west side lava, known as the Kohola arm of the Mother's Day flow, branched off the tube system below the rootless shield.

In early October 2003, the August 9 breakout stopped moving, the Kohola died back to a trickle, and the one labeled rootless shield gained prominence. By October 16, however, the shield had partly collapsed, leaving several drained perched ponds behind. Upstream from the shield, many hornitos and small flows formed over the Mother's Day tube. Soon thereafter, other rootless shields began to form over the Mother's Day, August 9, and Kohola tubes.

New vents opened at the southern base of Pu`u `O`o on January 19 and fed Martin Luther King (MLK) flows, which remained active until March 5. Several small vents formed during this time. On March 20, Prince Kuhio Kalaniana`ole (PKK) flow originated from two vents, main one about 250 m south of base of Pu`u `O`o. This flow has remained active most of the time to the May 21 date of this map.

The Banana flow developed from breakouts from the Mother's Day lava tube, centered near the former Banana Tree kipuka. The breakouts become prominent in the middle of April, and lava started down Pulama pali shortly thereafter. This is the time that we assigned the name Banana to the flow.

Vents in West Gap Pit became active in early October, were quiet for 3 weeks, and then resumed intermittent activity that continued well into December. Other vents were also sporadically active in Puka Nui (near West Gap Pit) and in the crater of Pu`u `O`o.

(Public domain.)

Map of Pu`u `O`o and vicinity: 9 April 2004

This is a map of Pu`u `O`o and vicinity.

Map shows vents, lava flows, and other features near Pu`u `O`o frequently referred to in updates. These features change often, but this map should help those viewers lost in the terminology. The cones in West Gap are just outside the boundary of the crater--the oval shaped depression containing the seven numbered vents (now down to 6, as Humble Vent has been buried by a mound of lava flows erupted from Dave's Pit/Vent in March. Red color denotes flows--the Mother's Day flows--erupted since May 12, 2002. Light orange color indicates episode-55 flows erupted between March 1997 and August 2002 (exclusive of Mother's Day flows). Darker orange represents MLK flows, and yellow, PKK flow. Vents for these two sets of flows shown by indicated symbols. Gray shows flows of earlier episodes.

(Public domain.)