Photo and Video Chronology - Kīlauea - October 10, 2003

Release Date:

New features on a rainy day

photo of lava

Final appearance of spatter cone at east end of West Gap Pit, active on October 3. See images for that day for early stage in growth of cone.

(Credit: , . Public domain.)


photo of lava

Looking east at big new hornito, about 3 m high, on up-tube side of Cookie Monster along Mother's Day lava tube. Note new lava flow in foreground. Both hornito and flow formed in past week.

(Credit: , . Public domain.)

Map of flows from Pu`u `O`o: 10 October 2003

Map shows lava flows erupted during 1983-present activity of Pu`u `O`o and Kupaianaha. Red denotes Mother's Day flow, which began erupting on May 12, 2002 and continues to the present.

Through September and into early October,  lava was moving along the east and west sides of the Mother's Day flow. The east-side lava (known as the August 9 breakout) came from the August 9 rootless shield, itself fed by the main Mother's Day tube from Pu`u `O`o. The west side lava, known as the Kohola arm of the Mother's Day flow, branched off the tube system below the rootless shield.

In early October, the August 9 breakout stopped moving, the Kohola died back to a trickle, and the rootless shield gained prominence. By October 16, however, the shield had partly collapsed, leaving several drained perched ponds behind. Upstream from the shield, many hornitos and small flows formed over the Mother's Day tube.

(Public domain.)