Photo and Video Chronology - Kīlauea - September 13, 2003

Release Date:

Lava on coastal flat

 

photo of lava

Lava in Kohola arm of Mother's Day flow on coastal flat near end of park trail. In background, Pulama pali is capped by lava in August 9 breakout, which only became visible from coast 3-4 days ago. This breakout has moved 4.9 km from point where lava reached the surface near the head of the Mother's Day tube during surge on August 9. Below August 9 breakout are several small incandescent spots belonging to east-side lobe of main Mother's Day flow.

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photo of lava

Nearly vertical view of top of small lava toe near visitor trail. Note stretched bubble walls. Toe is about 25 cm in long dimension.

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photo of lava

Lava emerging from front of inflating flow. Crust forming on lava grows quickly. Lava stream is about 1.5 m long.

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photo of lava

Same breakout (higher magnification) 48 seconds later, showing how crust has almost completely closed off lava, forming a small tube.

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photo of lava

Folded and wrinkled crust on active lava toe. Note that some folds and wrinkles are folded twice and even three times. Width of view, 1.5 m.

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photo of lava

Lava gushing down steep slope. At base of slope, the lava spreads laterally and starts to fold. Stretched bubbles and filaments of crust show this lateral stretching. Gush is about 1 m wide.

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Thin lobes of breakout glide across flat top of earlier flow. Nearest lobe is about 10 cm thick.

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photo of lava

Thin sheet of lava is inflating as it slowly advances. Note rock chips picked up from surface and stuck in crust of breakout. Breakout is about 15 cm thick.

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photo of lava

Two views of inflating toe taken 16 seconds apart. Width of views, about 50 cm. Note two rock chips at top of incandescent lava just left of incandescent crack in crust on toe. These chips have just been plucked from ropy surface of underlying flow. Other chips on toe were picked up a little earlier.

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photo of lava

Same view as left image but cropped differently to show more of inflating toe. Note that the two rock chips are now 2-4 cm higher than in left image, uplifted as toe inflated. Note also that toe is advancing, and lava is falling into crack.

(Credit: , . Public domain.)