California Water Science Center

Groundwater

Filter Total Items: 90
Date published: December 19, 2018
Status: Completed

Evaluation of the groundwater resources of the Petaluma Valley

The city of Petaluma, located in the Petaluma Valley and home to about 12 percent of the population of Sonoma County, faces growth in population and demand for water. Water supply is provided primarily by water delivered via aqueduct from the Russian River; however, groundwater is a vital supplemental source of water for the city of Petaluma and is the primary source of supply for domestic and...

Contacts: Tracy Nishikawa
Date published: December 19, 2018
Status: Completed

Depth-dependent Sample Collection for Perchlorate Isotopes

Chlorine and oxygen isotopic analyses of perchlorate have shown that perchlorate from agricultural and industrial (synthetic) sources is present in the Bunker Hill Groundwater Basin downgradient of the former Lockheed Propulsion Company (LPC) Site near Redlands, Calif., about 60 miles east of Los Angeles. Although agricultural and synthetic plumes merge in the central portion of the Bunker...

Contacts: John Izbicki
Date published: December 19, 2018
Status: Completed

Relation of Groundwater Age to Herbicide Concentration Trends in Fresno and Tulare Counties, California

The California Department of Pesticide Regulation (DPR) has been monitoring pesticide concentrations in about 70 domestic drinking water wells located in vulnerable areas of Fresno and Tulare Counties for approximately 15 years. A recent analysis of the monitoring data indicated that there were decreases in simazine, diuron, and bromacil concentrations in many wells during 2000-2010.

Date published: December 19, 2018
Status: Completed

Determining Water Availability in the Russian River Watershed

The Russian River Watershed covers 1,500 square miles of urban, agricultural and forested lands in northern Sonoma County and southern Mendocino County, California. Communities in the Russian River Watershed (RRW) depend on a combination of Russian River water and groundwater to meet their water-supply demands. Water is used primarily for agricultural irrigation, municipal and private wells...

Contacts: Tracy Nishikawa
Date published: December 19, 2018
Status: Completed

Evaluation of water resources in Chuckwalla Valley, Riverside County, California

The Chuckwalla Valley in the southern Mojave Desert in California has been selected as an area with high potential for solar energy development. Six large-scale solar energy projects are currently approved or proposed in this basin, the largest number of solar projects in any one basin in California. Water needs associated with proposed solar energy projects within the basin have generated...

Contacts: Rhett R Everett
Date published: December 19, 2018
Status: Completed

Optimization of Operation of Yuma Area Drainage and Regulatory Wells - Pilot Project

Reclamation's Yuma Area Office (YAO) operates 50 plus drainage wells and 21 regulatory wells to control groundwater levels in low-lying flood plain areas and to supply a significant portion of the Colorado River water the United States (US) is required by treaty to deliver to Mexico.

Date published: December 19, 2018
Status: Completed

Determining the fate and transport of septic-tank effluent in the southern area of Warren subbasin, California

Residents and businesses in Yucca Valley, CA rely currently on septic tanks to treat their wastewater. The local water district, Hi-Desert Water District (HDWD), is planning to construct a sewer system and wastewater treatment plant, initially serving the West, Midwest, Mideast, Northeast, and East hydrogeologic units of the Warren subbasin.

Date published: December 19, 2018
Status: Completed

Sonoma Valley Surface Water/Groundwater-Flow Model

Sonoma County faces potential changes in surface-water availability, including potential impacts on water quality in response to changing land use, increasing population, and climate change.

Contacts: Tracy Nishikawa
Date published: December 18, 2018
Status: Active

Water-Level, Water-Quality and Land-Subsidence Studies in the Mojave River and Morongo Groundwater Basins

Groundwater has been the primary source of domestic, agricultural, and municipal water supplies in the southwestern Mojave Desert, California, since the early 1900s. The population of the Mojave River and Morongo groundwater basins has grown rapidly during the last several decades, increasing from an estimated population of almost 273,000 in 1990 (...

Date published: December 14, 2018
Status: Completed

Assessing the Feasibility of Artificial Recharge and Storage and the Effectiveness and Sustainability of Insitu Arsenic Removal in the Antelope Valley, California

Project Update - 8/2/2011: Water having an arsenic concentration of 30 micrograms per liter was infiltrated from a test pond beginning in December, 2010. After water moved downward through the unsaturated zone, arsenic concentrations in ...

Contacts: Tracy Nishikawa
Date published: December 14, 2018
Status: Active

Water-resources study of Fort Irwin National Training Center

The U.S. Army at Fort Irwin National Training Center (NTC) obtains all of its potable water supply from Irwin, Langford, and Bicycle Basins within the base boundaries. Groundwater pumping, since as early as 1941, has resulted in water-level declines in all of these basins and the disposal of treated wastewater in the Irwin Basin has resulted in elevated nitrate concentrations in some wells in...

Date published: December 14, 2018
Status: Completed

Statistical Evaluation of Factors Affecting Occurrence of Organic Constituents from Fuels in Public-Supply Wells in Southern California

Biofuels, including ethanol, are expected to provide a greater contribution to the fuel supply in the United States. Research in the past decade has shown that ethanol in gasoline can cause plumes of benzene in groundwater to be larger than they would otherwise be.