Caribbean-Florida Water Science Center

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Filter Total Items: 183
video thumbnail: Dandelion Anemones
September 16, 2005

Dandelion Anemones

A dense cluster of unidentified dandelion-like anemones, intertwined with spiral vestimentiferan tubeworms waves back and forth in the current. The tight cluster of small anemones sits among a field of larger white anemones.

video thumbnail: Slimehead (Gephyroberyx darwini)
September 16, 2005

Slimehead (Gephyroberyx darwini)

Hovering at the base of the reef, the reddish Slimehead (Gephyroberyx darwini), is a stealthy ambush predator.

video thumbnail: Anemones
September 16, 2005

Anemones

An unidentified large white anemone densely populates thinly-sedimented goethite (iron oxide) slab rock, the fundamental Viosca Knoll substrate for attachment of sessile particulate-feeding invertebrates.

video thumbnail: Bamboo Anemones
September 16, 2005

Bamboo Anemones

Tall bamboo coral trees (Keratoisis flexibilis) are surrounded by fields of unidentified large white anemones and orange-pink flytrap anemones (Actinoscyphia saginata). Small white 'gooseberry' anemones find a feeding perch right on the bamboo coral branches.

video thumbnail: Wreckfish (Polyprion americanus)
September 16, 2005

Wreckfish (Polyprion americanus)

Reaching a length of 1.5 m, the grouper-like Wreckfish (Polyprion americanus) is an apex predator living on deep reefs worldwide, and probably spawning on western Atlantic Lophelia coral reefs.

video thumbnail: Barrelfish (Hyperoglyphe perciformis)
September 15, 2005

Barrelfish (Hyperoglyphe perciformis)

Much like Amberjacks on shallow reefs, fast and agile Barrelfish (Hyperoglyphe perciformis) patrol deep reefs in schools, preying upon squid, jellyfish, and small fishes.

video thumbnail: Rattail (Nezumia aequalis)
August 1, 2004

Rattail (Nezumia aequalis)

Not a typical inhabitant of deep-reef biotopes, the rattail (or grenadier) cruises nose-down over open substrate around the reefs, searching for small benthic prey.

video thumbnail: Lophelia Coral Thicket
July 31, 2004

Lophelia Coral Thicket

Small Lophelia sprigs proliferate into a dense mass of white living branches, 1-2 m tall. Over time, groups of coral bushes coalesce to form massive reefs hundreds of meters across. Unlike shallow reefs built by many stony coral species, Lophelia pertusa reefs are generally formed by this single dominant species, occasionally with 1-2 other framework corals contributing.

video thumbnail: Ragged-Tooth Shark (Odontaspis ferox)
July 31, 2004

Ragged-Tooth Shark (Odontaspis ferox)

A true deep-reef denizen, the 3-4 m long female Ragged-Tooth Shark (Odontaspis ferox) navigates skillfully through Lophelia coral bushes. This specimen is only the second reported for the species in the Gulf of Mexico. The prominent notch in the first dorsal fin may be a wound received from a male during mating.

video thumbnail: Squat Lobster (Eumunida picta)
July 31, 2004

Squat Lobster (Eumunida picta)

A regular and abundant inhabitant of western Atlantic Lophelia reefs, this red species of squat lobster with white-tipped chelae and legs perches atop rocks and coral fronds, pincers at the ready to instantly snag an unwary midwater fish that approaches too close. A more cyrptic long-armed relative guards a chemo-seep furrow. Nearby sits a scorpionfish (Idiastion kyphos),

video thumbnail: Tinselfish (Grammicolepis brachiusculus)
July 31, 2004

Tinselfish (Grammicolepis brachiusculus)

Sculling along in triggerfish-fashion, the Tinselfish (Grammicolepis brachiusculus) hovers as brown dead Lophelia coral is collected, along with a pencil urchin (Cidaris rugosa) and patches of blue desmacollid sponge. With its tubular mouth permanently frozen open, the Tinselfish vacuums up small crustaceans living on Lophelia.

video thumbnail: Caristius Salp
July 31, 2004

Caristius Salp

Enormous fins spread wide enable the manefish (Caristius sp, probably C. maderensis) to drift motionlessly in midwater, here in the camouflaging company of a luminescent colonial salp. This specimen is the first record of the species in the Gulf of Mexico.