Colorado Water Science Center

Publications

Filter Total Items: 688
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Year Published: 2017

Exploration of diffuse and discrete sources of acid mine drainage to a headwater mountain stream in Colorado, USA

We investigated the impact of acid mine drainage (AMD) contamination from the Minnesota Mine, an inactive gold and silver mine, on Lion Creek, a headwater mountain stream near Empire, Colorado. The objective was to map the sources of AMD contamination, including discrete sources visible at the surface and diffuse inputs that were not readily...

Johnston, Allison; Runkel, Robert L.; Navarre-Sitchler, Alexis; Singha, Kamini
Johnston, A., Runkel, R.L., Navarre-Sitchler, A., Singha, K., 2017, Exploration of diffuse and discrete sources of acid mine drainage to a headwater mountain stream in Colorado, USA: Mine Water and the Environment, v.36, no. 4, p. 463-478. DOI: 10.1007/s10230-017-0452-6

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Year Published: 2017

Organic carbon burial in global lakes and reservoirs

Burial in sediments removes organic carbon (OC) from the short-term biosphere-atmosphere carbon (C) cycle, and therefore prevents greenhouse gas production in natural systems. Although OC burial in lakes and reservoirs is faster than in the ocean, the magnitude of inland water OC burial is not well constrained. Here we generate the first global-...

Mendonça, Raquel; Müller, Roger A.; Clow, David W.; Verpoorter, Charles; Raymond, Peter; Tranvik, Lars; Sobek, Sebastian
Mendonça, R., Müller, R.A., Clow, D.W., Verpoorter, C., Raymond, P., Tranavik, L.J., Sobek, S., 2017, Organic Carbon Burial in Global Lakes and Reservoirs: Nature Communications, Springer Nature,

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Year Published: 2017

Widespread legacy brine contamination from oil production reduces survival of chorus frog larvae

Advances in drilling techniques have facilitated a rapid increase in hydrocarbon extraction from energy shales, including the Williston Basin in central North America. This area overlaps with the Prairie Pothole Region, a region densely populated with wetlands that provide numerous ecosystem services. Historical (legacy) disposal practices often...

Hossack, Blake R.; Puglis, Holly J.; Battaglin, William A.; Anderson, Chauncey W.; Honeycutt, R. Ken; Smalling, Kelly L.
Hossack, B. R., H. J. Puglis, W. A. Battaglin, C. W. Anderson, R. K. Honeycutt, and K. L. Smalling. 2017. Widespread legacy brine contamination from oil production reduces survival of chorus frog larvae. Environmental Pollution 231:742–751.

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Year Published: 2017

Methane in aquifers used for public supply in the United States

In 2013 to 2015, 833 public supply wells in 15 Principal aquifers in the U.S. were sampled to identify which aquifers contained high methane concentrations (>1 mg/L) and determine the geologic, hydrologic, and geochemical conditions associated with high concentrations. This study represents the first national assessment of methane in...

McMahon, Peter B.; Belitz, Kenneth; Barlow, Jeannie R. B.; Jurgens, Bryant C.
McMahon, Peter B., Kenneth Belitz, Jeannie R.B. Barlow, Bryant C. Jurgens, 2017, Methane in aquifers used for public supply in the United States. Applied Geochemistry, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2017.07.014.

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Year Published: 2017

A rare and cryptic endemic of the Central Rocky Mountains, U.S.A: The distribution of the Arapahoe snowfly, Arsapnia arapahoe (Nelson & Kondratieff, 1988) (Plecoptera: Capniidae)

The Arapahoe snowfly, Arsapnia arapahoe (Nelson & Kondratieff, 1988) (Plecoptera: Capniidae) is a candidate species warranted for listing under the Endangered Species Act. Prior to this study, A. arapahoe was known from only two tributaries of the Cache la Poudre River in Larimer County, Colorado: Young Gulch and Elkhorn Creek. The objectives...

Fairchild, Matthew P.; Belcher, Thomas P.; Zuellig, Robert E.; Vieira, Nicole M. K.; Kondratieff, Boris C.

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Year Published: 2017

A digital reference collection for aquatic macroinvertebrates of North America

Aquatic invertebrates are a key component of freshwater ecosystems, and understanding aquatic invertebrate taxonomy is a cornerstone of freshwater science. Physical reference collections of expertly identified voucher specimens are the ‘gold-standard’ used to confirm specimen identifications. However, most biologists lack access to such...

Walters, David; Ford, Morgan A; Zuellig, Robert E.
Walters, D.M., M.A. Ford, and R.E. Zuellig. 2017. An open-source digital reference collection for aquatic macroinvertebrates of North America. Freshwater Science. DOI: 10.1086/694539.

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Year Published: 2017

Effects of backpacker use, pack stock trail use, and pack stock grazing on water-quality indicators, including nutrients, E. coli, hormones, and pharmaceuticals, in Yosemite National Park, USA

We investigated how visitor-use affects water quality in wilderness in Yosemite National Park. During the summers of 2012–2014, we collected and analyzed surface-water samples for water-quality indicators, including fecal indicator bacteria Escherichia coli, nutrients (nitrogen, phosphorus, carbon), suspended sediment concentration,...

Forrester, Harrison; Clow, David W.; Roche, James W.; Heyvaert, Alan C.; Battaglin, William A.
Forrester, H., Clow, D., Roche, J., Heyvaert, A., and Battaglin, W., 2017, Effects of Backpacker Use, Pack Stock Trail Use, and Pack Stock Grazing on Water-Quality Indicators, Including Nutrients, E. coli, Hormones, and Pharmaceuticals, in Yosemite National Park, USA: Environmental Management, v. 60, no. 3, p. 526-543, doi: 10.1007/s00267-017-0899-z

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Year Published: 2017

Effects of an extreme flood on trace elements in river water—From urban stream to major river basin

Major floods adversely affect water quality through surface runoff, groundwater discharge, and damage to municipal water infrastructure. Despite their importance, it can be difficult to assess the effects of floods on streamwater chemistry because of challenges collecting samples and the absence of baseline data. This study documents water quality...

Barber, Larry B.; Paschke, Suzanne; Battaglin, William A.; Douville, Chris; Fitzgerald, Kevin C.; Keefe, Steffanie H.; Roth, David A.; Vajda, Alan M.
Effects of an Extreme Flood on Trace Elements in River Water—From Urban Stream to Major River Basin Larry B. Barber, Suzanne S. Paschke, William A. Battaglin, Chris Douville, Kevin C. Fitzgerald, Steffanie H. Keefe, David A. Roth, and Alan M. Vajda Environmental Science & Technology Article ASAP DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.7b01767

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Year Published: 2017

Characterization of water quality and suspended sediment during cold-season flows, warm-season flows, and stormflows in the Fountain and Monument Creek watersheds, Colorado, 2007–2015

From 2007 through 2015, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with Colorado Springs City Engineering, conducted a study in the Fountain and Monument Creek watersheds, Colorado, to characterize surface-water quality and suspended-sediment conditions for three different streamflow regimes with an emphasis on characterizing water quality during...

Miller, Lisa D.; Stogner, Sr., Robert W.
Miller, L.D., and Stogner, R.W., Sr., 2017, Characterization of water quality and suspended sediment during cold-season flows, warm-season flows, and stormflows in the Fountain and Monument Creek Watersheds, Colorado, 2007–2015: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2017–5084, 47 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20175084.

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Year Published: 2017

Precipitation, streamflow, suspended-sediment, and water-quality data for the U.S. Army Garrison Fort Carson and Piñon Canyon Maneuver Site, Colorado, 1966–2015

The U.S. Army Garrison Fort Carson (AGFC) and the Piñon Canyon Maneuver Site (PCMS) are facilities operated by the U.S. Department of the Army in southern Colorado. The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of the Army, established a hydrologic and water-quality data-collection network at the AGFC in June 1978 and at the...

Arnold, L.R.
Arnold, L.R., 2017, Precipitation, streamflow, suspended-sediment, and water-quality data for the U.S. Army Garrison Fort Carson and Piñon Canyon Maneuver Site, Colorado, 1966–2015: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2017–1072, 130 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20171072.

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Year Published: 2017

Hydrologic Derivatives for Modeling and Analysis—A new global high-resolution database

The U.S. Geological Survey has developed a new global high-resolution hydrologic derivative database. Loosely modeled on the HYDRO1k database, this new database, entitled Hydrologic Derivatives for Modeling and Analysis, provides comprehensive and consistent global coverage of topographically derived raster layers (digital elevation model data,...

Verdin, Kristine L.
Verdin, K.L., 2017, Hydrologic Derivatives for Modeling and Analysis—A new global high-resolution database: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1053, 16 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ds1053.

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Year Published: 2017

Estimation of salt loads for the Dolores River in the Paradox Valley, Colorado, 1980–2015

Regression models that relate total dissolved solids (TDS) concentrations to specific conductance were used to estimate salt loads for two sites on the Dolores River in the Paradox Valley in western Colorado. The salt-load estimates will be used by the Bureau of Reclamation to evaluate salt loading to the river coming from the Paradox Valley and...

Mast, Alisa
Mast, M.A., 2017, Estimation of salt loads for the Dolores River in the Paradox Valley, Colorado, 1980–2015: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2017–5059, 20 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20175059.