Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center


At the USGS EROS Center, we study land change and produce land change data products used by researchers, resource managers, and policy makers across the nation and around the world. We also operate the Landsat satellite program with NASA, and maintain the largest civilian collection of images of the Earth’s land surface in existence, including tens of millions of satellite images. 

What's New at EROS?


Eyes on Earth is a podcast covering a range of topics on remote sensing, satellite operations, and the science of Earth observation. Watch for new episodes every two weeks.

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Image of the Week

Image of the Week

Coastal cities in Japan saw the installation of hundreds of large sea walls following an earthquake and tsunami in 2011. The impact of the incident and emergence of the walls is visible in satellite imagery.

Japan Sea Walls


Date published: October 15, 2019

EROS Aids in Surveys of Greenhouse Gas-emitting Arctic Lakes

In the Arctic, there are lakes where the bubbles will burn.

The bubbles are filled with methane gas. The flammable archaeal belches form as microbes feast on stores of long-frozen organic matter, freed up for decomposition thanks to permafrost thawing somewhere deep beneath the lakebed.

Date published: October 10, 2019

New EROS Satellite Products, Research Begin to Detail Urban Hot Spots

Cities are hotter than countrysides. That much was known long before efforts began to quantify the urban heat island (UHI) effect with data points.

Date published: October 9, 2019

New Earth As Art Collection Now Available

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center is proud to announce the 6th addition to Earth As Art.


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Year Published: 2019

A high-resolution 1983-2016 Tmax climate data record based on InfraRed Temperatures and Stations by the Climate Hazard Center

Understanding the dynamics and physics of climate extremes will be a critical challenge for 21st century climate science. Increasing temperatures and saturation vapor pressures may exacerbate heat waves, droughts and precipitation extremes. Yet our ability to monitor temperature variations is limited and declining. Between 1983 and 2016 the number...

Funk, Chris; Peterson, Pete; Peterson, Seth H.; Shukla, Shraddhanand; Davenport, Frank; Michaelsen, Joel; Landsfeld, Martin; Husak, Gregory; Harrison, Laura; Rowland, James; Budde, Michael; Knapp, Kenneth
Funk et al., 2019, A high-resolution 1983-2016 Tmax climate data record based on InfraRed Temperatures and Stations by the Climate Hazard Center, J. Climate

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Year Published: 2019

Remote sensing as the foundation for high-resolution United States landscape projections – The Land Change Monitoring, assessment, and projection (LCMAP) initiative

The Land Change Monitoring, Assessment, and Projection (LCMAP) initiative uses temporally dense Landsat data and time series analyses to characterize landscape change in the United States from 1985 to present. LCMAP will be used to explain how past, present, and future landscape change affects society and natural systems. Here, we describe a...

Sohl, Terry L.; Dornbierer, Jordan; Wika, Steve; Robison, Charles

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Year Published: 2019

Characterizing crop water use dynamics in the Central Valley of California using landsat-derived evapotranspiration

Understanding how different crops use water over time is essential for planning and managing water allocation, water rights, and agricultural production. The main objective of this paper is to characterize the spatiotemporal dynamics of crop water use in the Central Valley of California using Landsat-based annual actual evapotranspiration (ETa)...

Schauer, Matthew (Contractor); Senay, Gabriel