Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center


At the USGS EROS Center, we study land change and produce land change data products used by researchers, resource managers, and policy makers across the nation and around the world. We also operate the Landsat satellite program with NASA, and maintain the largest civilian collection of images of the Earth’s land surface in existence, including tens of millions of satellite images. 

Eyes on Earth

Eyes on Earth

On the latest episode of our remote sensing podcast, we hear from two New Yorkers who’ve worked to apply the power of Landsat to the problem of urban heat islands.

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Image of the Week

Image of the Week

One of the most cratered landscapes on Earth is part of the Nevada Desert called Yucca Flat. Landsat 8's near-infrared and short wave infrared imaging shows a pockmarked surface perhaps more reminiscent of other planetary bodies than Earth.

Cold War Craters


Date published: July 20, 2021

New Land Cover Maps Capture Nearly Two Decades of Change Across the U.S.

The U.S. Geological Survey recently released updated land cover maps for the conterminous United States that depict 18 years of change to the Nation’s landscapes. New maps comparing the 2001 to 2019 National Land Cover Databases show that more than 10 percent of land cover in the Lower 48 states changed during that time, largely in forested areas.

Date published: July 9, 2021

Examples of How Landsat Supports Great Lakes Restoration

Thousands of years ago, the receding Laurentide Ice Sheet gave North America a gift: five large lakes.

Date published: July 8, 2021

Study of California Blue Oak Decline During Drought Draws Interest

A study published June 29, 2021 in the journal Frontiers in Climate, but “Hotter Drought Escalates Tree Cover Declines in Blue Oak Woodlands of California,” by four EROS scientists, already has been attracting attention.


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Year Published: 2021

U.S. Geological Survey science for the Wyoming Landscape Conservation Initiative—2018 annual report

The Wyoming Landscape Conservation Initiative (WLCI) was established in 2007 as a collaborative interagency partnership to develop and implement science-based conservation actions. During the past 11 years, partners from U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), State and Federal land management agencies, universities, and the public have collaborated to...

Anderson, Patrick J.; Aldridge, Cameron L.; Alexander, Jason S.; Assal, Timothy J.; Aulenbach, Steven; Bowen, Zachary H.; Chalfoun, Anna D.; Chong, Geneva W.; Copeland, Holly; Edmunds, David R.; Germaine, Steve; Graves, Tabitha; Heinrichs, Julie A.; Homer, Collin G.; Huber, Christopher; Johnston, Aaron; Kauffman, Matthew J.; Manier, Daniel J.; McShane, Ryan R.; Eddy-Miller, Cheryl A.; Miller, Kirk A.; Monroe, Adrian P.; O'Donnell, Michael S.; Ortega, Anna; Walters, Annika W.; Wieferich, Daniel J.; Wyckoff, Teal B.; Zeigenfuss, Linda
Anderson, P.J., Aldridge, C.L., Alexander, J.S., Assal, T.J., Aulenbach, S., Bowen, Z.H., Chalfoun, A.D., Chong, G.W., Copeland, H., Edmunds, D.R., Germaine, S., Graves, T., Heinrichs, J.A., Homer, C.G., Huber, C.C., Johnston, A., Kauffman, M.J., Manier, D.J., McShan, R.R., Eddy-Miller, C.A., Miller, K.A., Monroe, A.P., O’Donnell, M.S., Ortega, A., Walters, A.W., Wieferich, D., Wyckoff, T.B., and Zeigenfuss, L., 2020, U.S. Geological Survey science for the Wyoming Landscape Conservation Initiative—2018 annual report: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2021–1067, 33 p.,

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Year Published: 2021

System characterization report on Planet’s Dove Classic

Executive SummaryThis report addresses system characterization of Planet’s Dove Classic satellites and is part of a series of system characterization reports produced and delivered by the U.S. Geological Survey Earth Resources Observation and Science Cal/Val Center of Excellence. These reports present and detail the methodology and procedures for...

Kim, Minsu; Park, Seonkyung; Anderson, Cody; Stensaas, Gregory L.
Kim, M., Park, S., Anderson, C., and Stensaas, G.L., 2021, System characterization report on Planet’s Dove Classic, chap. C of Ramaseri Chandra, S.N., comp., System characterization of Earth observation sensors: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2021–1030, 28 p.,

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Year Published: 2021

Arizona and Landsat

Arizona is a land of massive grandeur, deep gorges, lofty mountains, immense plains, and elevated mesas—and, without question, its crown jewel is the Grand Canyon. The spectacular canyon, one of the seven natural wonders of the world, was created when the Colorado River carved a channel through northern Arizona, revealing nearly two billion years...

U.S. Geological Survey, 2021, Arizona and Landsat: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2021–3039, 2 p.,