Florence Bascom Geoscience Center

Publications

Filter Total Items: 348
Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

Detailed Lithologic Logs from Auger Holes in southern Charleston County, southwestern Dorchester County, and eastern Colleton County, South Carolina

The lithologic logs described in this open-file report are from holes augered in the South Carolina Low Country in parts of Charleston, Dorchester, and Colleton Counties from 1998 through 2010. Lithologic units described here include not only surficial Pleistocene units but also subsurface stratigraphic units ranging as far back in age as late...

Weems, Robert E.; Lewis, William C.
Weems, R.E., and Lewis, W.C., 2019, Detailed lithologic logs from auger holes in southern Charleston County, southwestern Dorchester County, and eastern Colleton County, South Carolina: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1119, 129 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191119.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

Paleoliquefaction field reconnaissance in eastern North Carolina—Is there evidence for large magnitude earthquakes between the central Virginia seismic zone and Charleston seismic zone?

In June 2016, approximately 64 kilometers (km) of riverbank were examined along the Tar and Neuse Rivers near Tarboro and Kinston, North Carolina, for evidence of liquefaction-forming earthquakes. The study area is in the vicinity of the Grainger’s fault zone in eastern North Carolina. The Grainger’s fault zone is a fault zone in the inner Coastal...

Carter, Mark W.; McLaurin, Brett T.
Carter, M.W., and McLaurin, B.T., 2019, Paleoliquefaction field reconnaissance in eastern North Carolina—Is there evidence for large magnitude earthquakes between the Central Virginia Seismic Zone and Charleston Seismic Zone?: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5057, 54 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195057.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

Mid-piacenzian of the north Atlantic Ocean

The Piacenzian Age (Pliocene) represents a past climate interval within which frequency and magnitude of environmental changes during a period of past global warmth can be analyzed, climate models can be tested, and results can be placed in a context to better prepare for future change. Here we focus on the North Atlantic region, incorporating new...

Dowsett, Harry J.; Robinson, Marci M.; Foley, Kevin M.; Herbert, Timothy D.; Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Spivey, Whittney

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

(U-Th)/He zircon dating of Chesapeake Bay distal impact ejecta from ODP site 1073

Single crystal (U‐Th)/He dating has been undertaken on 21 detrital zircon grains extracted from a core sample from Ocean Drilling Project (ODP) site 1073, which is located ~390 km northeast of the center of the Chesapeake Bay impact structure. Optical and electron imaging in combination with energy dispersive X‐ray microanalysis (EDS) of...

Biren, M.B.; Wartho, J.-A.; van Soest, M.C.; Hodges, K.V.; Cathey, H.; Glass, B.P.; Koeberl, C.; Horton, J. Wright; Hale, W.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

Lithostratigraphic, geophysical, and hydrogeologic observations from a boring drilled to bedrock in glacial sediments near Nantucket Sound in East Falmouth, Massachusetts

In spring 2016, a 310-foot-deep boring (named MA–FSW 750) was drilled by the U.S. Geological Survey near Nantucket Sound in East Falmouth, Massachusetts, to investigate the hydrogeology of the southern coast of western Cape Cod. Few borings that are drilled to bedrock exist in the area, and the study area was selected to fill a gap between...

Hull, Robert B.; Johnson, Carole D.; Stone, Byron D.; LeBlanc, Denis R.; McCobb, Timothy D.; Phillips, Stephanie N.; Pappas , Katherine L. ; Lane, Jr., John W.
Hull, R.B, Johnson, C.D., Stone, B.D., LeBlanc, D.R., McCobb, T.D., Phillips, S.N., Pappas, K.L., and Lane, J.W., 2019, Lithostratigraphic, geophysical, and hydrogeologic observations from a boring drilled to bedrock in glacial sediments near Nantucket sound in East Falmouth, Massachusetts: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5042, 27 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195042.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

Endless forams: >34,000 modern planktonic foraminiferal images for taxonomic training and automated species recognition using convolutional neural networks

Accurate planktonic foraminiferal species identification is central to many paleoceanographic studies, from selecting specific species for geochemical research to elucidating the biotic dynamics of microfossil communities relevant to physical oceanographic processes and interconnected phenomena such as climate change. However, species...

Hsiang, Allison Y.; Brombacher, Anieke; Costa Rillo, Marina; Mleneck-Vautravers, Maryline J.; Connett, Stephen; Lordsmith, Sian; Jentzen, Anna; Henehan, Michael J.; Metcalfe, Brett; Fenton, Isabel; Wade, Bridget; Fox, Lyndsey; Meilland, Julie; Davis, Catherine V.; Baranowski, Ulrike; Groeneveld, Jeroen; Edgar, Kirsty M.; Movellan, Aurore; Aze, Tracy; Dowsett, Harry J.; Miller, Giles; Rios, Nelson; Hull, Pincelli M.
Hsiang, A. Y., Brombacher, A. , Rillo, M. C., Mleneck‐Vautravers, M. J., Conn, S. , Lordsmith, S. , Jentzen, A. , Henehan, M. J., Metcalfe, B. , Fenton, I. S., Wade, B. S., Fox, L. , Meilland, J. , Davis, C. V., Baranowski, U. , Groeneveld, J. , Edgar, K. M., Movellan, A. , Aze, T. , Dowsett, H. J., Miller, C. G., Rios, N. and Hull, P. M. (2019), Endless Forams: >34,000 Modern Planktonic Foraminiferal Images for Taxonomic Training and Automated Species Recognition Using Convolutional Neural Networks. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, 34: 1157-1177. doi:10.1029/2019PA003612

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

Rapid inundation of the southern Florida coastline despite low relative sea-level rise rates during the late-Holocene

Sediment cores from Florida Bay, Everglades National Park were examined to determine ecosystem response to relative sea-level rise (RSLR) over the Holocene. High-resolution multiproxy analysis from four sites show freshwater wetlands transitioned to mangrove environments 4–3.6 ka, followed by estuarine environments 3.4–2.8 ka, during a period of...

Jones, Miriam; Wingard, G. Lynn; Stackhouse, Bethany; Keller, Katherine; Willard, Debra A.; Marot, Marci E.; Landacre, Bryan D.; Bernhardt, Christopher E.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

Geology of the Cornwall Quadrangle, Virginia

No abstract available. 

Heller, Matthew J.; Carter, Mark W.; Wilkes, G.P.; Coiner, R.L.
Heller, M.J., Carter, M.W., Wilkes, G.P., and Coiner, L.V., 2019, Geology of the Cornwall quadrangle, Virginia: Virginia Division of Geology and Mineral Resources Publication 184, 13 p.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

Permafrost collapse is accelerating carbon release

This much is clear: the Arctic is warming fast, and frozen soils are starting to thaw, often for the first time in thousands of years. But how this happens is as murky as the mud that oozes from permafrost when ice melts.As the temperature of the ground rises above freezing, microorganisms break down organic matter in the soil. Greenhouse gases —...

Turetsky, Merritt R.; Abbott, Benjamin W.; Jones, Miriam; Walter Anthony, Katey; Olefeldt, David; Schuur, Edward A.G.; Koven, Charles; McGuire, A.D.; Grosse, Guido; Kuhry, Peter; Gustaf Hugelius; Lawrence, David M.; Gibson, Carolyn; Sannel, A.B.K.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

The Appalachian Geo-STEM Camp: Learning about geology through experiential adventure recreation

The inaugural Appalachian Geo-STEM Camp (AGC) was a partnership between West Virginia University (WVU), the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the West Virginia Geological and Economic Survey (WVGES). Designed to engage high school students in geoscience-oriented Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) activities through adventure-...

Burns, Robert; Carter, Mark W.; Brock, John C.; Leveque, Jonas; Bunse, Emily; Palaseanu-Lovejoy, Monica; Guala, Gerald F.; Harlan, Nathan; Blake, Mitchel; Moreira, Jasmine; Britton, Jim; Ashton, Kenny; Nugent, Barnes; Marketti, Michael J.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

The Value of Data – The Qatar Geologic Mapping Project

The State of Qatar is in a period of rapid development, modernization, and population growth. One of the most important factors influencing the long-term success and sustainability of future development is a comprehensive understanding of the region’s geologic regime, geotechnical conditions, natural resources, and environmental constraints. To...

Krupansky, Joseph T.; Knight, Michael A.; Orndorff, Randall; Al-Akhras, Khaled M.; Mouradian, Ara G.; Saleh, Ali F.
Krupansky, J.T., Knight, M.A., Orndorff, R.C., Al-Akhras, K.M., Mouradian, A.G., and Sahel, A.F., 2019, The value of data – The Qatar Geologic Mapping Project, in, Meehan, C.L., Kumar, S., Pando, M.A., and Coe, J.T., eds., Data, software, education, and a tribute to Ralph Peck: American Society of Civil Engineers, Geotechnical Special Publication 314 – Geo-Congress 2019, p. 12-23.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

Environmental and geomorphological changes on the eastern North American Continental Shelf across the Paleocene-Eocene Boundary

Foraminiferal evidence from two sites in southern Maryland, eastern United States, reveals a series of rapid ecological changes on the continental shelf during the onset of the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM). Benthic and planktic foraminifer assemblages from the South Dover Bridge (SDB) and Mattawoman Creek-Billingsley Road (MCBR) cores...

Robinson, Marci M.; Spivey, Whittney