Florence Bascom Geoscience Center

Publications

Filter Total Items: 519
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Year Published: 2019

Endless forams: >34,000 modern planktonic foraminiferal images for taxonomic training and automated species recognition using convolutional neural networks

Accurate planktonic foraminiferal species identification is central to many paleoceanographic studies, from selecting specific species for geochemical research to elucidating the biotic dynamics of microfossil communities relevant to physical oceanographic processes and interconnected phenomena such as climate change. However, species...

Hsiang, Allison Y.; Brombacher, Anieke; Costa Rillo, Marina; Mleneck-Vautravers, Maryline J.; Connett, Stephen; Lordsmith, Sian; Jentzen, Anna; Henehan, Michael J.; Metcalfe, Brett; Fenton, Isabel; Wade, Bridget; Fox, Lyndsey; Meilland, Julie; Davis, Catherine V.; Baranowski, Ulrike; Groeneveld, Jeroen; Edgar, Kirsty M.; Movellan, Aurore; Aze, Tracy; Dowsett, Harry J.; Miller, Giles; Rios, Nelson; Hull, Pincelli M.
Hsiang, A. Y., Brombacher, A. , Rillo, M. C., Mleneck‐Vautravers, M. J., Conn, S. , Lordsmith, S. , Jentzen, A. , Henehan, M. J., Metcalfe, B. , Fenton, I. S., Wade, B. S., Fox, L. , Meilland, J. , Davis, C. V., Baranowski, U. , Groeneveld, J. , Edgar, K. M., Movellan, A. , Aze, T. , Dowsett, H. J., Miller, C. G., Rios, N. and Hull, P. M. (2019), Endless Forams: >34,000 Modern Planktonic Foraminiferal Images for Taxonomic Training and Automated Species Recognition Using Convolutional Neural Networks. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, 34: 1157-1177. doi:10.1029/2019PA003612

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Year Published: 2019

Rapid inundation of the southern Florida coastline despite low relative sea-level rise rates during the late-Holocene

Sediment cores from Florida Bay, Everglades National Park were examined to determine ecosystem response to relative sea-level rise (RSLR) over the Holocene. High-resolution multiproxy analysis from four sites show freshwater wetlands transitioned to mangrove environments 4–3.6 ka, followed by estuarine environments 3.4–2.8 ka, during a period of...

Jones, Miriam; Wingard, G. Lynn; Stackhouse, Bethany; Keller, Katherine; Willard, Debra A.; Marot, Marci E.; Landacre, Bryan D.; Bernhardt, Christopher E.

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Year Published: 2019

Sampling the volatile-rich transition zone beneath Bermuda

Intraplate magmatic provinces found away from active plate boundaries, provide direct sampling of the Earth’s mantle composition and heterogeneity. Observed chemical heterogeneities in the mantle are commonly attributed to recycling during subduction1-3, which allows for the addition of volatiles and incompatible elements into the mantle. Although...

Mazza, Sarah E.; Gazel, Esteban; Bizmis, Michael; Moucha, Robert; Beguelin, Paul; Johnson, Elizabeth A.; McAleer, Ryan J.; Sobolev, Alexander

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Year Published: 2019

Geology of the Cornwall Quadrangle, Virginia

No abstract available. 

Heller, Matthew J.; Carter, Mark W.; Wilkes, G.P.; Coiner, R.L.
Heller, M.J., Carter, M.W., Wilkes, G.P., and Coiner, L.V., 2019, Geology of the Cornwall quadrangle, Virginia: Virginia Division of Geology and Mineral Resources Publication 184, 13 p.

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Year Published: 2019

Permafrost collapse is accelerating carbon release

This much is clear: the Arctic is warming fast, and frozen soils are starting to thaw, often for the first time in thousands of years. But how this happens is as murky as the mud that oozes from permafrost when ice melts.As the temperature of the ground rises above freezing, microorganisms break down organic matter in the soil. Greenhouse gases —...

Turetsky, Merritt R.; Abbott, Benjamin W.; Jones, Miriam; Walter Anthony, Katey; Olefeldt, David; Schuur, Edward A.G.; Koven, Charles; McGuire, A.D.; Grosse, Guido; Kuhry, Peter; Gustaf Hugelius; Lawrence, David M.; Gibson, Carolyn; Sannel, A.B.K.

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Year Published: 2019

The Appalachian Geo-STEM Camp: Learning about geology through experiential adventure recreation

The inaugural Appalachian Geo-STEM Camp (AGC) was a partnership between West Virginia University (WVU), the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the West Virginia Geological and Economic Survey (WVGES). Designed to engage high school students in geoscience-oriented Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) activities through adventure-...

Burns, Robert; Carter, Mark W.; Brock, John C.; Leveque, Jonas; Bunse, Emily; Palaseanu-Lovejoy, Monica; Guala, Gerald F.; Harlan, Nathan; Blake, Mitchel; Moreira, Jasmine; Britton, Jim; Ashton, Kenny; Nugent, Barnes; Marketti, Michael J.

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Year Published: 2019

The Value of Data – The Qatar Geologic Mapping Project

The State of Qatar is in a period of rapid development, modernization, and population growth. One of the most important factors influencing the long-term success and sustainability of future development is a comprehensive understanding of the region’s geologic regime, geotechnical conditions, natural resources, and environmental constraints. To...

Krupansky, Joseph T.; Knight, Michael A.; Orndorff, Randall; Al-Akhras, Khaled M.; Mouradian, Ara G.; Saleh, Ali F.
Krupansky, J.T., Knight, M.A., Orndorff, R.C., Al-Akhras, K.M., Mouradian, A.G., and Sahel, A.F., 2019, The value of data – The Qatar Geologic Mapping Project, in, Meehan, C.L., Kumar, S., Pando, M.A., and Coe, J.T., eds., Data, software, education, and a tribute to Ralph Peck: American Society of Civil Engineers, Geotechnical Special Publication 314 – Geo-Congress 2019, p. 12-23.

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Year Published: 2019

Environmental and geomorphological changes on the eastern North American Continental Shelf across the Paleocene-Eocene Boundary

Foraminiferal evidence from two sites in southern Maryland, eastern United States, reveals a series of rapid ecological changes on the continental shelf during the onset of the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM). Benthic and planktic foraminifer assemblages from the South Dover Bridge (SDB) and Mattawoman Creek-Billingsley Road (MCBR) cores...

Robinson, Marci M.; Spivey, Whittney

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Year Published: 2019

Quaternary eolian sediments and Carolina Bays of the U.S. Atlantic Coastal Plain province

Under modern conditions, the Atlantic Coastal Plain province of the eastern United States is not very conducive to widespread eolian sediment mobilization because of a humid and mesothermal climate, relatively low mean surface wind velocities (~1–3 m/sec), and relatively dense vegetation. LiDAR data, however, have revealed the presence of...

Swezey, Christopher S.
Swezey, C.S., 2019, Quaternary eolian sediments and Carolina Bays of the U.S. Atlantic Coastal Plain province, in: Geologic Mapping Forum 2019 Abstracts (H.L. Thorleifson, ed.): Minnesota Geological Survey Open File Report OFR-19-1, p. 88-89.

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Year Published: 2019

Geology of the Mineral and Lake Anna West Quadrangles, Virginia

This map product is a cooperator series publication and, as such, does not have a specific abstract. Geologic mapping for this map product was completed between 2014 and 2017, with most of the field work occurring between January 2016 and May 2017. Numerous foot traverses were completed along creeks and roads throughout the field area; the shore...

Carter, Mark W.; Burton, William C.; McAleer, Ryan J.; DiGiacomo-Cohen, Mary; Sauer, R. Tyler

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Year Published: 2019

Syn-collisional exhumation of hot middle crust in the Adirondack Mountains (New York, USA): Implications for extensional orogenesis in the southern Grenville province

Extensional deformation in the lower to middle continental crust is increasingly recognized and shown to have significant impact on crustal architecture, magma emplacement, fluid flow, and ore deposits. Application of the concept of extensional strain to ancient orogenic systems, like the Grenville province of eastern North America, has helped...

Regan, Sean; Walsh, Gregory J.; Williams, Michael L.; Chiarenzelli, Jeffrey R.; Toft, Megan E.; McAleer, Ryan J.

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Year Published: 2019

Geology and biostratigraphy of the Upper Floridan aquifer in the greater Savannah region, Georgia and South Carolina

The Upper Floridan aquifer (UFA) of South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida has been considered a regionally continuous stratigraphic sequence of Eocene to Miocene carbonate strata, with documented unconformities based on lithology and biostratigraphy.  As part of an investigation of the regional subsurface geologic...

Self-Trail, Jean M.; Parker, Mercer; Haynes, John T.; Schultz, Arthur P.; Huddleston, Paul. F.