Florence Bascom Geoscience Center

Publications

Filter Total Items: 349
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Year Published: 2012

Calcareous nannofossil assemblage changes across the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum: Evidence from a shelf setting

Biotic response of calcareous nannoplankton to abrupt warming across the Paleocene/Eocene boundary reflects a primary response to climatically induced parameters including increased continental runoff of freshwater, global acidification of seawater, high sedimentation rates, and calcareous nannoplankton assemblage turnover. We identify...

Self-Trail, Jean M.; Powars, David S.; Watkins, David K.; Wandless, Gregory A.
Calcareous nannofossil assemblage changes across the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum: evidence from a shelf setting; 2012; Article; Journal; Marine Micropaleontology; Self-Trail, Jean M.; Powars, David S.; Watkins, David K.; Wandless, Gregory A.

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Year Published: 2012

Deep Arctic Ocean warming during the last glacial cycle

In the Arctic Ocean, the cold and relatively fresh water beneath the sea ice is separated from the underlying warmer and saltier Atlantic Layer by a halocline. Ongoing sea ice loss and warming in the Arctic Ocean have demonstrated the instability of the halocline, with implications for further sea ice loss. The stability of the halocline through...

Cronin, T. M.; Dwyer, G.S.; Farmer, J.; Bauch, H.A.; Spielhagen, R.F.; Jakobsson, M.; Nilsson, J.; Briggs, W.M.; Stepanova, A.
Deep Arctic Ocean warming during the last glacial cycle; 2012; Article; Journal; Nature Geoscience; Cronin, T. M.; Dwyer, G. S.; Farmer, J. ; Bauch, H. A.; Spielhagen, R. F.; Jakobsson, M. ; Nilsson, J. ; Briggs, W. M., Jr.; Stepanova, A.

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Year Published: 2012

Dinocyst taphonomy, impact craters, cyst ghosts, and the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum (PETM)

Dinocysts recovered from sediments related to the Chesapeake Bay impact structure in Virginia and the earliest Eocene suboxic environment in Maryland show strange and intriguing details of preservation. Features such as curled processes, opaque debris, breakage, microborings and cyst ghosts, among others, invite speculation about catastrophic...

Edwards, Lucy E.
Dinocyst taphonomy, impact craters, cyst ghosts, and the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum (PETM); 2012; Article; Journal; Palynology; Edwards, Lucy E.

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Year Published: 2012

Fold-to-fault progression of a major thrust zone revealed in horses of the North Mountain fault zone, Virginia and West Virginia, USA

The method of emplacement and sequential deformation of major thrust zones may be deciphered by detailed geologic mapping of these important structures. Thrust fault zones may have added complexity when horse blocks are contained within them. However, these horses can be an important indicator of the fault development holding information on fault-...

Orndorff, Randall C.
Fold-to-fault progression of a major thrust zone revealed in horses of the North Mountain fault zone, Virginia and West Virginia, USA; 2012; Article; Journal; Journal of Geological Research; Orndorff, Randall C.

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Year Published: 2012

Fragilariopsis diatom evolution in Pliocene and Pleistocene Antarctic shelf sediments

The late Pliocene – early Pleistocene sediment record in the AND-1B core from the McMurdo Sound, Ross Sea, Antarctica, displays a rich diversity and high abundance of diatoms, including several new morphologies within the genus Fragilariopsis. These new morphologies exhibit similarities to the extinct late Miocene/early Pliocene species...

Sjunneskog, Charlotte; Riesselman, Christina; Winter, Diane; Scherer, Reed
Fragilariopsis diatom evolution in Pliocene and Pleistocene Antarctic shelf sediments; 2012; Article; Journal; Micropaleontology; Sjunneskog, Charlotte ; Riesselman, Christina ; Winter, Diane ; Scherer, Reed

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Year Published: 2012

Sequential development of platform to off-platform facies of the great American carbonate bank in the central Appalachians: chapter 15

In the central Appalachians, carbonate deposition of the great American carbonate bank began during the Early Cambrian with the creation of initial ramp facies of the Vintage Formation and lower members of the Tomstown Formation. Vertical stacking of bioturbated subtidal ramp deposits (Bolivar Heights Member) and dolomitized microbial boundtsone (...

Brezinski, David K.; Taylor, John F.; Repetski, John E.
Sequential development of platform to off-platform facies of the great American carbonate bank in the central Appalachians; 2013; Article; Book; The great American carbonate bank: the geology and economic resources of the Cambrian – Ordovician Sauk megasequence of Laurentia (AAPG Memoir 98); Brezinski, D. K.; Taylor, J. F.; Repetski, J. E.

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Year Published: 2012

Characterizing post-drainage succession in Thermokarst Lake Basins on the Seward Peninsula, Alaska with TerraSAR-X Backscatter and Landsat-based NDVI data

Drained thermokarst lake basins accumulate significant amounts of soil organic carbon in the form of peat, which is of interest to understanding carbon cycling and climate change feedbacks associated with thermokarst in the Arctic. Remote sensing is a tool useful for understanding temporal and spatial dynamics of drained basins. In this study, we...

Regmi, Prajna; Grosse, Guido; Jones, Miriam C.; Jones, Benjamin M.; Walter Anthony, Katey
Regmi, P.; Grosse, G.; Jones, M.C.; Jones, B.M.; Anthony, K.W. Characterizing Post-Drainage Succession in Thermokarst Lake Basins on the Seward Peninsula, Alaska with TerraSAR-X Backscatter and Landsat-based NDVI Data. Remote Sens. 2012, 4, 3741-3765.

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Year Published: 2012

Summary of the diamond resource potential and production capacity assessment of Guinea

In May of 2000, a meeting was convened in Kimberley, South Africa, by representatives of the diamond industry and leaders of African governments to develop a certification process intended to assure that export shipments of rough diamonds were free of conflict concerns. Outcomes of the meeting were formally supported later in December of 2000 by...

Chirico, Peter G.; Malpeli, Katherine C.
Summary of the diamond resource potential and production capacity assessment of Guinea; 2012; FS; 2012-3129; Chirico, Peter G.; Malpeli, Katherine C.

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Year Published: 2012

Preliminary geologic map of the Stanardsville 7.5' quadrangle, Greene and Madison Counties, Virginia

The Stanardsville 7.5-minute quadrangle is located about 30 kilometers north of Charlottesville, Virginia, in the eastern foothills of the Blue Ridge and within the Blue Ridge physiographic province. The quadrangle contains a small part of the eastern margin of Shenandoah National Park along Saddleback Mountain just north of Swift Run Gap and...

Burton, William C.; Bailey, Christopher M.; Crider, E. Allen
Preliminary geologic map of the Stanardsville 7.5' quadrangle, Greene and Madison Counties, Virginia; 2012; OFR; 2012-1190; Burton, William C.; Bailey, Christopher M.; Crider, E. Allen

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Year Published: 2012

A transect through the base of the Bronson Hill Terrane in western New Hampshire

This trip will present the preliminary results of ongoing bedrock mapping in the North Hartland and Claremont North 7.5-minute quadrangles in western New Hampshire. The trip will travel from the Lebanon pluton to just north of the Sugar River pluton (Fig. 1) with the aim of examining the lower structural levels of the Bronson Hill anticlinorium (...

Thompson, Thelma Barton; Thompson, Peter J.; Walsh, Gregory J.; Valley, Peter M.; Sicard, Karri R.

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Year Published: 2012

Stable isotope evidence for glacial lake drainage through the St. Lawrence Estuary, eastern Canada, ~13.1-12.9 ka

Postglacial varved and rhythmically-laminated clays deposited during the transition from glacial Lake Vermont (LV) to the Champlain Sea (CS) record hydrological changes in the Champlain-St. Lawrence Valley (CSLV) at the onset of the Younger Dryas ∼13.1–12.9 ka linked to glacial lake drainage events. Oxygen isotope (δ18O) records of three species...

Cronin, T. M.; Rayburn, J.A.; Guilbault, J.-P.; Thunell, R.; Franzi, D.A.
Stable isotope evidence for glacial lake drainage through the St. Lawrence Estuary, eastern Canada, ~13.1-12.9 ka; 2012; Article; Journal; Quaternary International; Cronin, T.M.; Rayburn, J.A.; Guilbault, J.P.; Thunell, R.; Franzi, D.A.

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Year Published: 2012

Florida Bay salinity and Everglades wetlands hydrology circa 1900 CE: A compilation of paleoecology-based statistical modeling analyses

Throughout the 20th century, the Greater Everglades Ecosystem of south Florida was greatly altered by human activities. Construction of water-control structures and facilities altered the natural hydrologic patterns of the south Florida region and consequently impacted the coastal ecosystem. Restoration of the Greater Everglades Ecosystem is...

Marshall, F.E.; Wingard, G.L.
Florida Bay salinity and Everglades wetlands hydrology circa 1900 CE: A compilation of paleoecology-based statistical modeling analyses; 2012; OFR; 2012-1054; Marshall, F. E.; Wingard, G. L.