Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center

Publications

Filter Total Items: 1,754
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Year Published: 2020

Learning from real-world experience to understand renewable energy impacts to wildlife

The project team sought to use real-world data to understand adverse effects to wildlife of renewable energy production that is critical to meeting California’s climate and clean energy goals. The project had three main components. First, a systematic literature review studied 20 peer-reviewed publications and 612 reports from other nonreviewed...

Conkling, Tara J; Vander Zanden, Hannah B.; Poessel, Sharon; Loss, Scott R.; Allison, Taber D; Diffendorfer, James E.; Duerr, Adam E.; Nelson, David M.; Yee, Julie L; Katzner, Todd E.

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Year Published: 2020

Small-scale water deficits after wildfires create long-lasting ecological impacts

Ecological droughts are deficits in soil–water availability that induce threshold-like ecosystem responses, such as causing altered or degraded plant-community conditions, which can be exceedingly difficult to reverse. However, 'ecological drought' can be difficult to define, let alone to quantify, especially at spatial and temporal scales...

O'Connor, Rory; Germino, Matthew; Barnard, David M; Andrews, Caitlin M.; Bradford, John; Pilliod, David; Arkle, Robert; Shriver, Robert K

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Year Published: 2020

Assessing population-level consequences of anthropogenic stressors for terrestrial wildlife

Human activity influences wildlife. However, the ecological and conservation significances of these influences are difficult to predict and depend on their population‐level consequences. This difficulty arises partly because of information gaps, and partly because the data on stressors are usually collected in a count‐based manner (e.g., number of...

Katzner, Todd E.; Braham, Melissa A.; Conkling, Tara; Diffendorfer, James E.; Duerr, Adam E.; Loss, Scott R.; Nelson, David M.; Vander Zanden, Hannah B.; Yee, Julie L.

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Year Published: 2020

Spatial and temporal patterns in age structure of Golden Eagles wintering in eastern North America

The behavior of wildlife varies seasonally, and that variation can have substantial demographic consequences. This is especially true for long‐distance migrants where the use of landscapes varies by season and, sometimes, age cohort. We tested the hypothesis that distributional patterns of Golden Eagles (Aquila chrysaetos) wintering in eastern...

Kenney, Macy L; Belthoff, James R.; Carling, Matthew; Miller, Tricia A.; Katzner, Todd E.

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Year Published: 2020

Long term persistence of aspen in snowdrift-dependent ecosystems

Quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides) forests throughout the western United States have experienced significant mortality in recent decades, much of which has been influenced by climate variability, especially drought. In the western portion of its range, where most precipitation arrives during winter as snowfall and summers are dry, snowdrifts that...

Kretchun, Alec M; Scheller, Robert M; Shinneman, Douglas J.; Soderquist, B; Maguire, Kaitlin C.; Link, Timothy E; Strand, Eva K.

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Year Published: 2020

Movements and habitat use of loons for assessment of conservation buffer zones in the Arctic Coastal Plain of northern Alaska

Oil and gas development in the Arctic Coastal Plain, Alaska, may pose threats to wildlife. Management guidelines within the National Petroleum Reserve-Alaska dictate buffer zones for coastal wildlife habitat and for breeding and foraging sites of yellow-billed loons (YBLOs; Gavia adamsii), a species of conservation concern. However, few data...

Poessel, Sharon; Uher-Koch, Brian D.; Pearce, John M.; Schmutz, Joel A.; Katzner, Todd E.; Douglas, David C.; von Biela, Vanessa R.; Harrison, Autumn-Lynne

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Year Published: 2020

Corrigendum to ‘Field-scale intercomparison analysis of ecosystems in partitioning surface energy balance components in a semi-arid environment’- Ecohydrology and hydrobiology 19 (2019) 24-37

No abstract available.

Sridhar, Venkataramana; Billah, Mirza M; Valayamkunnath, Prasanth; Zhao, Wenguang; Allen, Richard G; Germino, Matthew

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Year Published: 2020

Intraspecific variation in surface water uptake in a perennial desert shrub

Despite broad recognition that water is a major limiting factor in arid ecosystems, we lack an empirical understanding of how this resource is shared and distributed among neighbouring plants. Intraspecific variability can further contribute to this variation via divergent life‐history traits, including root architecture. We investigated these...

Zaiats, Andrii; Lazarus, Brynne E.; Germino, Matthew; Serpe, Marcelo D; Richardson, Bryce A.; Buerki, Sven; Caughlin, T Trevor

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Year Published: 2020

Bridging the research-management gap: Landscape ecology in practice on public lands in the western United States

The field of landscape ecology has grown and matured in recent decades, but incorporating landscape science into land management decisions remains challenging. Many lands in the western United States are federally owned and managed for multiple uses, including recreation, conservation, and energy development. We argue for stronger integration of...

Carter, Sarah K.; Pilliod, David; Haby, Travis S.; Prentice, Karen L.; Aldridge, Cameron L.; Anderson, Patrick J.; Bowen, Zachary H.; Bradford, John; Cushman, Samuel A.; DeVivo, Joseph C.; Duniway, Michael C.; Hathaway, Ryan S.; Nelson, Lisa; Schultz, Courtney A.; Schuster, Rudy; Trammell, E. Jamie; Weltzin, Jake

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Year Published: 2020

A spatially explicit, empirical estimate of tree-based biological nitrogen fixation in forests of the United States

Quantifying human impacts on the nitrogen (N) cycle and investigating natural ecosystem N cycling depend on the magnitude of inputs from natural biological nitrogen fixation (BNF). Here, we present two bottom‐up approaches to quantify tree‐based symbiotic BNF based on forest inventory data across the coterminous United States and SE Alaska. For...

Staccone, Anika; Liao, Wenying; Perakis, Steven; Compton, Jana; Clark, Christopher L.; Menge, Duncan

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Year Published: 2020

Feeding ecology drives lead exposure of facultative and obligate avian scavengers in the eastern United States

Lead poisoning of scavenging birds is a global issue. However, the drivers of lead exposure of avian scavengers have been understood from the perspective of individual species, not cross‐taxa assemblages. We analyzed blood (n = 285) and liver (n = 226) lead concentrations of 5 facultative (American crows [Corvus brachyrhynchos], bald eagles [...

Slabe, Vincent; Anderson, James T.; Cooper, Jeff L; Miller, Tricia A.; Brown, Bracken; Wrona, Anna; Ortiz, Patricia; Buchweitz, John; McRuer, David; Dominguez-Villegas, Ernesto; Behmke, Shannon; Katzner, Todd E.

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Year Published: 2020

Understanding the effect of fire on vegetation composition and gross primary production in a semi-arid shrubland ecosystem using the Ecosystem Demography (EDv2.2) model

Wildfires in sagebrush (Artemisia spp.) dominated semi-arid ecosystems in the western United States have increased dramatically in frequency and severity in the last few decades. Severe wildfires often lead to the loss of native sagebrush communities and change the biogeochemical conditions which make it difficult for sagebrush to regenerate....

Pandit, Karun; Dashti, Hamid; Hudak, Andrew A.; Glenn, Nancy F.; Flores, Alejandro N; Shinneman, Douglas J.