Geosciences and Environmental Change Science Center

Publications

Filter Total Items: 1,154
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Year Published: 1981

The geology of Hess Rise, central north Pacific Ocean

The geology of Hess Rise is interpreted from studies of morphology and structure, igneous petrology, sediment lithofacies, seismic stratigraphy, and paleoenvironments. Hess Rise probably formed at a triple junction, between 116 and 95 m.y. ago, in the equatorial zone of the southern hemisphere. A large archipelago, formed by volcanism,...

Vallier, T. L.; Rea, David K.; Dean, Walter E.; Thiede, Jorn; Adelseck, Charles

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Year Published: 1980

Geological investigation of the Dufek intrusion, Pensacola Mountains, Antarctic

No abstract available.

Ford, A. B.; Reynolds, Richard L.; Huie, Carl; Boyer, S. J.

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Year Published: 1980

Stability of sulfur slopes on Io

The mechanical properties of elemental sulfur are such that the upper crust of Io cannot be primarily sulfur. For heat flows in the range 100–1000 ergs cm−2, sec−1, sulfur becomes ductile within several hundred meters of the surface and would prevent the formation of calderas with depths greater than this. However, the one caldera for which...

Clow, Gary D.; Carr, M.H.

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Year Published: 1980

Paleomagnetic evidence for oroclinal bending of the southern Antarctic Peninsula

Two classes of fracture zones are distinguished on the basis of their orientations with respect to a spreading axis and length of associated ridge-ridge transform offset. (1) Minor fracture zones associated with transform faults of short offset (<30 km; minitransforms); the minor fracture zones may exhibit an asymmetric V-shaped configuration...

Kellogg, Karl S.

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Year Published: 1979

Comparison of the TRM of the Yellowstone Group and the DRM of some Pearlette ash beds

Air fall ash beds (Pearlette) originating from rhyolitic eruptions in the Yellowstone‐Island Park region of Wyoming and Idaho are discontinuous but widespread throughout the western United States. Accumulation and deposition of ashes occurred in low‐energy fluvial and lacustrine environments. These ash beds have been correlated, according to their...

Reynolds, Richard L.

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Year Published: 1979

The determination of snow avalanche frequency through tree-ring analysis and historical records at Ophir, Colorado

Tree-ring analysis can be a reliable method of determining past snow avalanche events when good historical records are lacking. Characteristic features in the tree-ring record indicative of disturbance include: (1) the occurrence of reaction wood, (2) abrupt changes in growth rate, (3) age of scars caused by avalanche impact, (4) age of trees in...

Carrara, Paul E.

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Year Published: 1979

Emplacement temperatures of unsorted and unstratified deposits of volcanic rock debris as determined by paleomagnetic techniques

Unsorted and unstratified deposits of volcanic rock debris typically flank recently active stratovolcanoes. It is often difficult, using standard geologic procedures, to establish whether a particular deposit was emplaced by a pyroclastic flow, lahar, rock avalanche, or glacier. Determination of the emplacement temperatures of clasts contained in...

Hoblitt, Richard P.; Kellogg, Karl S.

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Year Published: 1978

Origin of a South Texas roll-type uranium deposit; I, Alteration of iron-titanium oxide minerals

The detrital Fe-Ti oxide minerals and their authigenic alteration products in samples from cores spanning 1.7 km across a roll-type uranium deposit in the mid-Tertiary Catahoula Tuff, south Texas, record important information on host-rock preparation and on development of the altered tongue of the deposit. In reduced rock, in front of and...

Reynolds, Richard L.; Goldhaber, Martin B.

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Year Published: 1978

Origin of a South Texas roll-type deposit; II, Sulfide petrology and sulfur isotope studies

Petrologic and sulfur isotopic studies have been carried out on drill core samples from a roll-type uranium deposit in the mid-Tertiary Catahoula Tuff, Webb County, south Texas. Epigenetic iron disulfide minerals formed in two distinct stages. The first stage involved sulfidization of the host rock by sulfide (H 2 S, HS-)-bearing...

Goldhaber, Martin B.; Reynolds, Richard L.; Rye, Robert O.

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Year Published: 1978

Paleomagnetic results from the Lassiter Coast, Antarctica, and a test for oroclinal bending of the Antarctic Peninsula

Paleomagnetic results from 17 magnetically stable units of Upper Cretaceous (‘Andean’) plutons and dikes of the Lassiter Coast, on the southern Antarctic Peninsula, define a mean paleomagnetic pole at 87°S, 131°W (α95 = 11.5°). This indicates that little latitudinal movement of the southern Antarctic Peninsula has occurred during the past 100...

Kellogg, Karl S.; Reynolds, Richard L.

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Year Published: 1977

Paleomagnetism of welded tuffs of the Yellowstone group

Two of the three ash flow tuffs of the Yellowstone Group are stably magnetized throughout their extent: the Lava Creek tuff (0.60 m.y.) in a normal direction and the Mesa Falls tuff (1.22 m.y.) in a reversed direction. In contrast, much of the Huckleberry Ridge tuff, which was erupted during a polarity transition or field excursion 1.92 m.y. ago...

Reynolds, Richard L.

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Year Published: 1976

Natural hazards in mountain Colorado

Interdisciplinary field studies and remote sensing techniques were used to delineate mountain areas in Colorado subject to such natural hazards as snow avalanches, mudflows, rockfalls, and landslides. The old mining townsite of Ophir in the northwestern San Juan Mountains was used as a case study. Its serious snow avalanche hazard has been made...

Ives, Jack D.; Mears, Authur I.; Carrara, Paul E.; Bovis, Michael J.