Kansas Water Science Center

Water Quality

Water quality is a measure of the suitability of water for a particular use based on selected physical, chemical, and biological characteristics. Water-quality monitoring is used to help water-resource managers understand and avert potential negative effects of man-made and natural stresses on water resources, evaluate trends, and compare to water-quality criteria.

Filter Total Items: 8
Date published: May 1, 2020
Status: Active

Kansas River Time of Travel Study

The Kansas River provides drinking water for multiple cities in northeastern Kansas and is used for recreational purposes. Thus, improving the scientific knowledge of streamflow velocities and traveltimes will greatly aid in water-treatment plans and response to critical events and threats to water supplies. Dye-tracer studies are usually done to enhance knowledge of transport characteristics...

Date published: September 18, 2017
Status: Active

Milford Lake

The USGS Kansas Water Science Center, in cooperation with the Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE), has been studying the extreme cyanobacterial harmful algal blooms (cyanoHABS) occurring annually in Milford Lake. CyanoHABs on Milford Lake have impacted local businesses economically, and there have been documented human illnesses and animal deaths associated with the blooms....

Contacts: Brianna Leiker
Date published: June 14, 2017
Status: Active

Urban Water Quality Monitoring in Johnson County Kansas

Johnson County, a suburban part of the Kansas City metropolitan area, is one of the most populated counties in Kansas with 544,000 people in 2010, a 21 percent increase in population since 2000, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. Located in northeastern Kansas, about one-half of the county is urban. Urban, industrial, and agricultural land uses affect the quality of streams and lakes in the...

Date published: February 28, 2017
Status: Active

Cheney Reservoir and Water Quality Studies

Cheney Reservoir is located on the North Fork Ninnescah River in south-central Kansas, 20 miles west of Wichita. Cheney Reservoir is the primary drinking water supply for the city and a popular recreational resource for the region. After cyanobacterial blooms in 1990 and 1991, which caused servere taste-and-odor events, the USGS Kansas Water Science Center partnered with the City of Wichita ...

Contacts: Ariele Kramer
Date published: July 28, 2016
Status: Active

Water-Quality Monitoring in the Lower Kansas River Basin

The Kansas River is a primary source of drinking water for about 800,000 people in northeastern Kansas. Water-quality concerns related to excessive nutrient, bacteria, and sediment concentrations have been identified by the Kansas Department of Health and Environment. Additionally, the occurrence and transport of cyanobacteria (also called blue-green algae), associated toxins, and taste-and-...

Date published: June 16, 2016
Status: Active

Equus Beds Recharge Project

The water supply for the city of Wichita, south-central Kansas, currently comes from the Equus Beds aquifer and Cheney Reservoir. Because these sources are not expected to meet projected city water needs into the 21st century (Warren and others, 1995), artificial recharge of the Equus Beds aquifer was investigated as one alternative to meet future water-supply demands. An additional potential...

Date published: January 27, 2015
Status: Active

Reservoir Sediment Studies in Kansas

An understanding of the quantity and quality of sediment deposited in a reservoir is necessary for effective reservoir and basin management. Sedimentation affects the useful life of a reservoir for such important purposes as flood control, water supply, and recreation. Sediment quality is an important environmental concern because sediment may act as a sink for various water-quality...

Date published: December 26, 2010
Status: Completed

Mill Creek Sediment

The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Johnson County Stormwater Management Program has studied sediment transport in Johnson County streams and lakes to better understand how changes from agricultural to urban land use alter sediment in streams and lakes, characterize how these uses may affect lake storage and biological integrity of streams, and evaluate the effectiveness of...