Lower Mississippi-Gulf Water Science Center

Publications

Here you will find publications, reports and articles produced by Lower Mississippi-Gulf scientists. For a comprehensive listing of all USGS publications please click the button below.

USGS Pubs

Filter Total Items: 330
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Year Published: 2020

Estimating the effect of winter cover crops on nitrogen leaching using cost-share enrollment data, satellite remote sensing, and Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) modeling

This study employed a novel combination of data (winter cover crop cost-share enrollment records, satellite remote sensing of wintertime vegetation, and results of Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) water quality simulations) to estimate the environmental performance of winter cover crops (WCC) at the watershed scale, from 2008 through 2017,...

Hively, W. Dean; Lee, Sangchul; Sadeghi, Ali M.; McCarty, Gregory W.; Lamb, Brian T.; Soroka, Alexander M.; Keppler, Jason; Yeo, In-Young; Moglen, Glenn E.

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Year Published: 2020

Species richness responses to water withdrawal scenarios and minimum flow levels: Evaluating presumptive standards in the Tennessee and Cumberland River basins

Water resource managers are challenged to balance growing water demand with protecting aquatic ecosystems and biodiversity. Management decisions can benefit from improved understanding of water withdrawal impacts on hydrologic regimes and ecological assemblages. This study used Ecological Limit Functions for fish groups within the Tennessee and...

Driver, Lucas; Cartwright, Jennifer M.; Knight, Rodney; Wolfe, William J.

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Year Published: 2020

Magnitude and frequency of floods in Alabama, 2015

To improve flood-frequency estimates at rural streams in Alabama, annual exceedance probability flows at gaged locations and regional regression equations used to estimate annual exceedance probability flows at ungaged locations were developed by using current geospatial data, new analytical methods, and annual peak-flow data through September...

Anderson, Brandon T.
Anderson, B.T., 2020, Magnitude and frequency of floods in Alabama, 2015: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5032, 148 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205032.

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Year Published: 2020

Estimated groundwater withdrawals from principal aquifers in the United States, 2015

In 2015, about 84,600 million gallons per day (Mgal/d) of groundwater were withdrawn in the United States for various uses including public supply, self-supplied domestic, industrial, mining, thermoelectric power, aquaculture, livestock, and irrigation. Of this total, about 94 percent (79,200 Mgal/d) was withdrawn from principal aquifers, which...

Lovelace, John K.; Nielsen, Martha G.; Read, Amy L.; Murphy, Chid J.; Maupin, Molly A.
Lovelace, J.K., Nielsen, M.G., Read, A.L., Murphy, C.J., and Maupin, M.A., 2020, Estimated groundwater withdrawals from principal aquifers in the United States, 2015: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1464, 70 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/cir1464.

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Year Published: 2020

A within-season approach for detecting early crop stage of corn and soybean using high temporal and spatial resolution imagery

Crop emergence is a critical stage for crop development and crop growth modeling. Mapping crop emergence using remote sensing data is challenging. Previous remote sensing phenology algorithms showed that crop stages could be detected around the V3-V4 (3 to 4 established leaves) vegetative stage. Traditional approaches have a strong assumption...

Gao, Feng; Anderson, Martha; Daughtry, Craig S. T.; Karnieli, Arnon; Hively, W. Dean; Kustas, William P.

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Year Published: 2020

Water resources of Union Parish, Louisiana

Information concerning the availability, use, and quality of water in Union Parish, Louisiana, is critical for proper water-supply management. The purpose of this fact sheet is to present information that can be used by water managers, parish residents, and others for stewardship of this vital resource. In 2014, about 4.88 million gallons per day...

Robinson, Angela L.
Robinson, A.L., 2020, Water resources of Union Parish, Louisiana: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2020–3002, 6 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20203002.

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Year Published: 2020

Changing suspended sediment in United States rivers and streams: Linking sediment trends to changes in land use/cover, hydrology and climate

Sediment is one of the leading pollutants in rivers and streams across the United States (US) and the world. Between 1992 and 2012, concentrations of annual mean suspended sediment decreased at over half of the 137 stream sites assessed across the contiguous US. Increases occurred at less than 25 % of the sites, and the direction of change was...

Murphy, Jennifer C.

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Year Published: 2020

Assessing water-quality changes in agricultural drainages: Examples from oxbow lake tributaries in Mississippi, USA and simulation-based power analyses

Hydrology and water quality (suspended sediment, total nitrogen, ammonia, total Kjeldahl nitrogen, nitrate plus nitrite, and total phosphorus (TP)) were monitored in two small agricultural drainages in northwestern Mississippi to document changes in water quality that coincided with the implementation of BMPs in upstream drainages. Using an event-...

Murphy, Jennifer C.; Hicks, Matthew B.; Stocks, Shane J.

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Year Published: 2020

Simulation of water-management scenarios for the Mississippi Delta

To compare the effectiveness of proposed alternative water-supply scenarios on future water availability in the Mississippi Delta, the U.S. Geological Survey and the Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality are collaborating on the update and enhancement of an existing regional groundwater-flow model of the area. Through this collaboration...

Haugh, Connor J.; Killian, Courtney D.; Barlow, Jeannie R. B.
Haugh, C.J., Killian, C.D., and Barlow, J.R.B., 2020, Simulation of water-management scenarios for the Mississippi Delta: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5116, 15 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195116.

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Year Published: 2020

Soil shear strength losses in two fresh marshes with variable increases in N and P loading

We measured soil shear strength (SSS) from 2009 to 2018 in two hydrologically distinct freshwater marshes dominated by Panicum hemitomon after nitrogen (N) and phosphorous (P) were applied to the surface in spring. The average SSS averaged over 100 cm depth in the floating and anchored marshes declined up to 30% throughout the profiles and with no...

Turner, R. Eugene; Swarzenski, Christopher M.; Bodker, James E.

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Year Published: 2020

The use of support vectors from support vector machines for hydrometeorologic monitoring network analyses

Hydrometeorologic monitoring networks are ubiquitous in contemporary earth-system science. Network stakeholders often inquire about the importance of sites and their locations when discussing funding and monitoring design. Support vector machines (SVMs) can be useful by their assigning each monitoring site as either a support or nonsupport vector...

Asquith, William H.

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Year Published: 2020

Fluxes of agricultural nitrogen and metolachlor metabolites are highly correlated in a first order stream in Maryland, USA

Nitrogen pollution in watersheds containing significant cropland area is generally problematic. Conservation practices intended to reduce nitrate-N (NO3--N) export from watersheds are being implemented by many regions without necessary tools to assess effectiveness of these abatement tools. A commonly used herbicide metolachlor degrades in the...

Rice, Cliff; Hively, W. Dean; McCarty, Gregory W.; Hapeman, Cathleen