New England Water Science Center

Publications

The USGS Pubs Warehouse provides access to over 160,000 publications. This list of New England Water Science Center publications includes both official USGS publications and journal articles authored by our scientists. 

Filter Total Items: 661
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Year Published: 2021

Associations between private well water and community water supply arsenic concentrations in the conterminous United States

Geogenic arsenic contamination typically occurs in groundwater as opposed to surface water supplies. Groundwater is a major source for many community water systems (CWSs) in the United States (US). Although the US Environmental Protection Agency sets the maximum contaminant level (MCL enforceable since 2006: 10 μg/L) for arsenic in CWSs, private...

Spaur, Maya; Lombard, Melissa; Ayotte, Joseph D.; Harvey, David; Bostick, Benjamin; Chillrud, Steven; Navas-Acien, Ana; Nigra, Anne E

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Year Published: 2021

Machine-learning predictions of high arsenic and high manganese at drinking water depths of the glacial aquifer system, northern continental United States

Globally, over 200 million people are chronically exposed to arsenic (As) and/or manganese (Mn) from drinking water. We used machine-learning (ML) boosted regression tree (BRT) models to predict high As (>10 μg/L) and Mn (>300 μg/L) in groundwater from the glacial aquifer system (GLAC), which spans 25 states in the northern United States and...

Erickson, Melinda L.; Elliott, Sarah M.; Brown, Craig J.; Stackelberg, Paul; Ransom, Katherine Marie; Reddy, James E.; Cravotta, Charles A.

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Year Published: 2021

Evaluation and application of the Purge Analyzer Tool (PAT) to determine in-well flow and purge criteria for sampling monitoring wells at the Stringfellow Superfund site in Jurupa Valley, California, in 2017

The U.S. Geological Survey and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency are developing analytical tools to assess the representativeness of groundwater samples from fractured-rock aquifers. As part of this effort, monitoring wells from the Stringfellow Superfund site in Jurupa Valley in Riverside County, California, approximately 50 miles east of Los...

Harte, Philip T.; Perina, Tomas; Becher, Kent; Levine, Herb; Rojas-Mickelson, Daewon; Walther, Lesley; Brown, Anthony
Harte, P.T., Perina, T., Becher, K., Levine, H., Rojas-Mickelson, D., Walther, L., and Brown, A., 2021, Evaluation and application of the Purge Analyzer Tool (PAT) to determine in-well flow and purge criteria for sampling monitoring wells at the Stringfellow Superfund site in Jurupa Valley, California, in 2017: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5140, 54 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205140.

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Year Published: 2021

Assessment of water quality and discharge in the Herring River, Wellfleet, Massachusetts, November 2015 to September 2017

The U.S. Geological Survey, Cape Cod National Seashore of the National Park Service, and Friends of Herring River cooperated from 2015 to 2017 to assess nutrient concentrations and fluxes across the ocean-estuary boundary at a dike on the Herring River in Wellfleet, Massachusetts. The purpose of this assessment was to characterize environmental...

Huntington, Thomas G.; Spaetzel, Alana B.; Colman, John A.; Kroeger, Kevin D.; Bradley, Robert T.
Huntington, T.G., Spaetzel, A.B., Colman, J.A., Kroeger, K.D., and Bradley, R.T., 2021, Assessment of water quality and discharge in the Herring River, Wellfleet, Massachusetts, November 2015 to September 2017: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5120, 59 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205120.

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Year Published: 2021

Public and private tapwater: Comparative analysis of contaminant exposure and potential risk, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, USA

BackgroundHumans are primary drivers of environmental contamination worldwide, including in drinking-water resources. In the United States (US), federal and state agencies regulate and monitor public-supply drinking water while private-supply monitoring is rare; the current lack of directly comparable information on contaminant-mixture exposures...

Bradley, Paul; LeBlanc, Denis R.; Romanok, Kristin; Smalling, Kelly; Focazio, Michael J.; Cardon, Mary C.; Clark, Jimmy; Conley, Justin M.; Evans, Nicola; Givens, Carrie E; Gray, James L.; Gray, L. Earl; Hartig, Phillip C.; Higgins, Christopher P.; Hladik, Michelle; Iwanowicz, Luke R.; Loftin, Keith; McCleskey, R. Blaine; McDonough, Carrie A.; Medlock-Kakaley, Elizabeth; Weis, Christopher P.; Wilson, Vickie S.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2021.106487

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Year Published: 2021

Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in New Hampshire soils and biosolids

The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services, is undertaking a study on per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in soils and biosolids. The study will characterize PFAS concentrations in shallow soil and selected biosolids throughout the State of New Hampshire, conduct laboratory...

Tokranov, Andrea K.; Schlosser, Kate Emma A.; Marts, Jeffrey M.; Drouin, Anthony F.; Santangelo, Leah M.; Welch, Sydney M.
Tokranov, A.K., Schlosser, K.E.A., Marts, J.M., Drouin, A.F., Santangelo, L.M., and Welch, S.M., 2021, Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in New Hampshire soils and biosolids: U.S. Geological Survey General Information Product 208, 2 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/gip208.

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Year Published: 2021

Machine learning models of arsenic in private wells throughout the conterminous United States as a tool for exposure assessment in human health studies

Arsenic from geologic sources is widespread in groundwater within the United States (U.S.). In several areas, groundwater arsenic concentrations exceed the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency maximum contaminant level of 10 μg per liter (μg/L). However, this standard applies only to public-supply drinking water and not to private-supply, which is...

Lombard, Melissa; Scannell Bryan, Molly; Jones, Daniel K.; Bulka, Catherine; Bradley, Paul; Backer, Lorraine C.; Focazio, Michael J.; Silverman, Debra T.; Toccalino, Patricia; Argos, Maria; Gribble, Matthew O.; Ayotte, Joseph D.

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Year Published: 2021

Simulation of dissolved organic carbon flux in the Penobscot Watershed, Maine

Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) is an important component of the carbon cycle as a measure of the hydrological transport of carbon between terrestrial carbon pools into soil pools and eventually into streams. As a result, changes in DOC in rivers and streams may indicate alterations in the storage of terrestrial carbon. Exploring the complex...

Rouhani, Shabnam; Schaaf, Crystal B.; Huntington, Thomas; Choate, Janet

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Year Published: 2021

Isolating the AFFF signature in coastal watersheds using oxidizable PFAS precursors and unexplained organofluorine

Water supplies for millions of U.S. individuals exceed maximum contaminant levels for per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS). Contemporary and legacy use of aqueous film forming foams (AFFF) is a major contamination source. However, diverse PFAS sources are present within watersheds, making it difficult to isolate their predominant origins....

Ruyle, Bridger J; Pickard, Heidi M.; LeBlanc, Denis R.; Tokranov, Andrea K.; Thackray, Colin P.; Hu, Xindi C.; Vecitis, Chad D.; Sunderland, Elsie M.

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Year Published: 2021

Practical field survey operations for flood insurance rate maps

The U.S. Geological Survey assists the Federal Emergency Management Agency in its mission to identify flood hazards and zones for risk premiums for communities nationwide, by creating flood insurance rate maps through updating hydraulic models that use river geometry data. The data collected consist of elevations of river channels, banks, and...

Taylor, Nicholas J.; Simeone, Caelan E.
Taylor, N.J., and Simeone, C.E., 2021, Practical field survey operations for flood insurance rate maps: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1146, 8 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201146.

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Year Published: 2021

An increase in the slope of the concentration-discharge relation for total organic carbon in major rivers in New England, 1973 to 2019

The mobilization and transport of organic carbon (OC) in rivers and delivery to the near-coastal ocean are important processes in the carbon cycle that are affected by both climate and anthropogenic activities. Riverine OC transport can affect carbon sequestration, contaminant transport, ocean acidification, the formation of toxic...

Huntington, Thomas; Wieczorek, Michael

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Year Published: 2021

Re‐purposing groundwater flow models for age assessments: Important characteristics

Groundwater flow model construction is often time‐consuming and costly, with development ideally focused on a specific purpose, such as quantifying well capture from water bodies or providing flow fields for simulating advective transport. As environmental challenges evolve, the incentive to re‐purpose existing groundwater flow models may increase...

Juckem, Paul F.; Starn, J. Jeffrey