New England Water Science Center

Water Availability and Use

Reliable assessments of water availability and use are essential for effective water management. The New England Water Science Center conducts integrated groundwater and surface-water availability and use investigations at a range of spatial and temporal scales across New England using state-of-the-art modeling and statistical tools. Studies are conducted to evaluate the effects of human interventions on the physical and geochemical characteristics of hydrologic systems; identify water availability for human needs while minimizing adverse effects on ecosystem function; and estimating and reporting rates of domestic, industrial, and agricultural water use in the New England states.

Filter Total Items: 19
Date published: March 9, 2020
Status: Active

Assessment of Nitrogen Discharge to Cape Cod Rivers to Identify High-Priority Nitrogen Reduction Areas

     In 2019 USGS and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 1 initiated a study to measure spatial and temporal patterns of nitrogen loading in selected rivers on Cape Cod and then determine whether the measured patterns can be related to nitrogen source areas in the surrounding watersheds to prioritize nitrogen reduction efforts. Study results will improve understanding of...

Date published: February 24, 2020
Status: Active

Assessment of Hydrologic Conditions in the Three Bays Watershed in Support of Nutrient Management Activities, Cape Cod, Massachusetts

      In 2019 the USGS began a partnership with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Office of Research and Development (ORD), EPA Region 1 Southeast New England Program for Coastal Watershed Restoration (SNEP), Barnstable Clean Water Coalition (BCWC), and other stakeholders to conduct hydrologic monitoring and assessment in support of multifaceted nutrient-management activities in...

Date published: November 4, 2019
Status: Completed

New England Water Use

Background: The U.S. Geological Survey has compiled the nation's water-use data at the county, state, and national levels every 5 years since 1950. The most recent estimated water-use compilation was completed in 2015. A summary for New England is presented on this webpage.

The Issue: Comprehensive water-use data analysis is needed to quantify the...

Date published: November 4, 2019
Status: Completed

Connecticut Water Use

Background: The U.S. Geological Survey has compiled the nation's water-use data in Connecticut and the rest of the United States at the county, state, and national levels every 5 years since 1950. The most recent estimated water-use compilation was completed in 2015. A summary for Connecticut is presented on this webpage.

The Issue: Comprehensive water-...

Date published: November 4, 2019
Status: Completed

Maine Water Use

Background: The U.S. Geological Survey has compiled the nation's water-use data in Maine and the rest of the United States at the county, state, and national levels every 5 years since 1950. The most recent estimated water-use compilation was completed in 2015. A summary for Maine is presented on this webpage.

The Issue: Comprehensive water-use data ...

Date published: November 4, 2019
Status: Completed

Massachusetts Water Use

Background: The U.S. Geological Survey has compiled the nation's water-use data in Massachusetts and the rest of the United States at the county, state, and national levels every 5 years since 1950. The most recent estimated water-use compilation was completed in 2015. A summary for Massachusetts is presented on this webpage.

The Issue: Comprehensive...

Date published: November 4, 2019
Status: Completed

New Hampshire Water Use

Background: The U.S. Geological Survey has compiled the nation's water-use data in New Hampshire and the rest of the United States at the county, state, and national levels every 5 years since 1950. The most recent estimated water-use compilation was completed in 2015. A summary for New Hampshire is presented on this webpage.

The Issue: Comprehensive...

Date published: November 4, 2019
Status: Completed

Rhode Island Water Use

Background: The U.S. Geological Survey has compiled the nation's water-use data in Rhode Island and the rest of the United States at the county, state, and national levels every 5 years since 1950. The most recent estimated water-use compilation was completed in 2015. A summary for Rhode Island is presented on this webpage.

The Issue: Comprehensive...

Date published: November 4, 2019
Status: Completed

Vermont Water Use

Background: The U.S. Geological Survey has compiled the nation's water-use data in Vermont and the rest of the United States at the county, state, and national levels every 5 years since 1950. The most recent estimated water-use compilation was completed in 2015. A summary for Vermont is presented on this webpage.

The Issue: Comprehensive water-use data...

Date published: February 26, 2019
Status: Completed

Recharge Estimates for Maine: 25-year Average, Range, and Uncertainty, 1990-2015

The USGS Soil-Water-Balance model (SWB) has been used to estimate potential recharge across the State of Maine. The average and range (minimum and maximum) of annual recharge were estimated for the 25-year period from 1990 to 2015.  Datasets of estimated recharge and the modeled uncertainty in the recharge estimates are available for download.

Date published: February 6, 2019
Status: Completed

Assessment of Potential Effects of Water-Supply Withdrawals on Groundwater Levels near the Hyannis Ponds Complex, Barnstable, Massachusetts

The USGS, in cooperation with the Town of Barnstable and MassWildlife, is assessing the potential effects of new water-supply withdrawals on groundwater levels in the Hyannis Ponds Wildlife Management Area on Cape Cod. A groundwater-flow model is being used to simulate the effects of several possible withdrawal and wastewater-return flow scenarios developed by the Town of Barnstable and...

Date published: February 6, 2019
Status: Active

Development of a Regional-Scale Model to Simulate Groundwater Flow and Nitrogen Loading in Watersheds Along the Connecticut Coast of Long Island Sound

In 2018 USGS began work on the development of a regional-scale groundwater flow model of areas along the Connecticut coast. The model will be used as a quantitative tool to evaluate groundwater flow and nitrogen loading to Long Island Sound.