New Mexico Water Science Center
Data and Tools
The New Mexico Water Science Center collects, analyzes, and distributes data on a wide variety of water-related issues and resources. Much of our data are publicly available through the USGS National Water Information System (NWIS), but additional datasets and analytical tools are available here.
Stage-discharge relationships (ratings) are primarily developed from a graphical analysis of multiple streamflow measurements. Measurements are generally made on 8-week intervals. The frequency/interval of streamflow measurements may change based on a variety of circumstances including (but not limited to) flow conditions and rating definition.
Check your faucets at home -- do any of them drip? Well, maybe it's just a small drip -- how much water can a little drip waste? True, a single drip won't waste much water, but think about each faucet in your home dripping a little bit all day long. What if every faucet in every home on your block ... in your town ... in your state also dripped?
WaterQualityWatch (http://waterwatch.usgs.gov/wqwatch/) is a USGS web site that provides access to real time water-quality data collected in surface waters throughout the United States as part of the USGS mission to describe water resources. Measurements include streamflow (through WaterWatch) water temperature, specific conductance, pH,...
WaterWatch (http://waterwatch.usgs.gov) is a U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) World Wide Web site that displays maps, graphs, and tables describing real-time, recent, and past streamflow conditions for the United States. The real-time information generally is updated on an hourly basis.
The National Water Information System (NWIS) Mapper provides access to water-resources data at over 1.5 million sites across the U.S., including current and historical data. Users can search by site type, data type, site number, or place.
Beginning with Water Year 2006 and ending with Water Year 2013, annual water data reports were made available as individual electronic Site Data Sheets for the entire Nation for retrieval, download, and localized printing on demand. As of 2014, NWISWeb now provides an on-demand, print-ready Water-Year Summary as an annual water-data product.
A site on the Rio Grande near the town of Embudo, New Mexico, was established as the first USGS training camp for hydrographers.
The USGS has a distributed water database that is locally managed. Surface water, groundwater, and water quality data are compiled from these local, distributed databases into a national information system. The groundwater database contains records from about 850,000 wells that have been compiled during the course of groundwater hydrology studies over the past 100 years.
The areal and vertical location of the major aquifers is fundamental to the determination of groundwater availability for the Nation. The map, which is derived from the Ground Water Atlas of the United States, indicates the areal extent of the uppermost principal aquifers on a national scale.
The National Map is a collaborative effort among the USGS and other Federal, State, and local partners to improve and deliver topographic information for the Nation. It has many uses ranging from recreation to scientific analysis to emergency response. The National Map is easily accessible for display on the Web, as products and services, and as downloadable data.
Ground-water and surface-water quality is one of the most critical concerns in the State of New Mexico. The major water-quality issue in New Mexico is preserving the quality of public drinking-water supply. Water-resource planning and water-quality assessment require a nationwide database with standardized information for planning and assessment of water resources.
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in New Mexico, in cooperation with the New Mexico Office of the State Engineer (NMOSE) and other Federal, State, and local agencies, currently monitors 5,000 groundwater wells dispersed throughout New Mexico in a 5-year rotation that have been measured continually since 1925; some well records go back even further.