New York Water Science Center

Groundwater and Streamflow Information

Groundwater and surface water are among the Nation’s most important natural resources. The USGS provides unbiased, timely, and relevant information, studies, and data about water resources of the Nation. The NYWSC maintains a network of more than 300 surface water and 650 groundwater monitoring stations across New York State; over the years, the USGS has collected water-resources data at approximately 1.5 million sites in all 50 States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Northern Mariana Islands. The data collected at the various sites are synthesized in State-level, interstate, and international studies to evaluate resources not only in one State but also other States and countries that might be affected or may influence the condition of surface water and groundwater. The data collected are used in studies of water supplies, groundwater contamination, flooding, water stored in ice and the oceans, and the effects of climate and land use change and manmade influences.

Filter Total Items: 105
Date published: May 9, 2017

Long Island Inflow to the Groundwater System

Precipitation that infiltrates and percolates to the water table is Long Island's only natural source of freshwater because the groundwater system is bounded on the bottom by relatively impermeable bedrock and on the sides by saline ground water or saline bays and the ocean. About one-half the precipitation becomes recharge to the groundwater system; the rest flows as surface runoff to streams...

Contacts: Jack Monti
Date published: May 8, 2017

Long Island Outflow from the Groundwater System

The flow of water leaving, or discharging, the groundwater system of Long Island occurs naturally through streams, as base flow, at the coastline as shoreline discharge and sub-sea discharge, and through pumping wells as withdrawals. Estimates of each component of outflow from the groundwater system is presented and summarized in this section using streamflow measurements, and a compilation of...

Contacts: Jack Monti
Date published: May 7, 2017
Status: Active

Long Island Water Suitability

Groundwater quality may be affected by natural and human factors (Johnston, 1988). Although the vulnerability of groundwater to contamination from the land surface is influenced by many factors, the degree of aquifer confinement, the depth of the well, and the surrounding land use are primary key factors that influence shallow groundwater quality.

Contacts: Jack Monti
Date published: May 6, 2017
Status: Active

Long Island Water Suitability Case Studies

A collection of studies that focused on the quality of groundwater and surface water, are presented in this section. The reports associated with these areas of water quality concerns are linked as an online source for further reading.

Contacts: Jack Monti
Date published: May 5, 2017

Long Island Groundwater System Potential Hazards

Hazards which may impact the ground water system adversely are presented in this web page. The impacts of these hazards are only shown here as a topic for further discussion and may need to be investigated with further details.

Contacts: Jack Monti
Date published: April 25, 2017
Status: Active

State of the Aquifer, Long Island, New York

Groundwater is among the Nation's most important natural resources. Nationwide it provides half of our drinking water and is essential to the vitality of agriculture and industry, as well as to the health of rivers, wetlands, and estuaries throughout the country. On Long Island groundwater is the sole source of fresh water for over 2.6 million people.

Contacts: Jack Monti
Date published: April 6, 2017

Groundwater Monitoring on Long Island, New York and the Five Boroughs of New York City

The groundwater data-collection network of the USGS New York Water Science Center, Coram Program Office encompasses data collection from approximately 600 groundwater-monitoring wells on Long Island and in the five boroughs of New York City. Data from these stations are collected in varying frequencies to supply our cooperators, stakeholders, and the public with mission critical information....

Date published: April 3, 2017

Long Island State of the Aquifer Interactive Content

Throughout the State of the Aquifer System, Long Island, New York web pages, there are several hyperlinks which launch interactive maps, animations, and other tools. These resources are compiled here for your convenience and perusal.

Contacts: Jack Monti
Date published: March 10, 2017
Status: Active

Mohawk River Ice Jam Monitoring

The Mohawk River near Schenectady, NY is prone to ice jams during periods of river-ice break-up. Ice jams in this reach typically form at channel constrictions, bridge piers, lock and dam structures, and sections with a reduced floodplain (Foster and others, 2011). Ice jam related flooding can result from backwater associated with the jam or from water released downstream when a jam fails....

Date published: January 9, 2017
Status: Active

New York Water Science Center Data Program

Objective: The USGS New York Water Science Center (NYWSC) works with other Federal agencies as well as with State, municipal, and tribal agencies to provide research and data about water-related issues. Relevance and Impact: The NYWSC leads the scientific and water-resources management communities by providing high-quality, timely, and unbiased scientific data, reports, and other information...

Date published: December 16, 2016
Status: Active

Webcams - New York Water Science Center

Webcams have been installed at a number of locations in New York to allow you to view, in real time, the current river-stage conditions. 

Date published: December 13, 2016
Status: Active

Groundwater-level Monitoring for Characterization of Hydraulic Connections in the Basal Sand & Gravel Aquifer, Hoosic River Valley, Hoosick Falls, New York

Hydrogeologic characterization of the basal sand and gravel aquifer in the Hoosic River valley in Hoosick Falls, New York is important for determination of sources, extent, and future migration of PFOA groundwater contamination; evaluation of potential remedial actions; and appraisal of alternative groundwater supplies. Variations in the current pumping stresses and a planned 72-hour aquife...