Accelerating Aquifer Storage & Recovery in the Middle East and North Africa Region

Science Center Objects

At the request of the U.S. Agency for International Development, USGS is helping regional partners manage scarce groundwater resources, and improve water supply, using artificial recharge methods. 

Background

Aquifers are important sources of water in the arid Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, especially during droughts and dry seasons. However, many aquifers are under stress due to high rates of pumping and low rates of natural recharge. Water supply can be improved by use of various methods collectively referred to as Aquifer Storage & Recovery (ASR), in which captured stormwater runoff or treated wastewater is recharged to depleted aquifers. ASR is a practical and cost-effective solution to recover millions of cubic meters of water that would otherwise be lost.

ASR is currently underutilized in the MENA region due to the high cost of site identification and difficulty matching ASR technologies to site conditions. The goal of this activity is to improve water security in the MENA region by accelerating ASR. This activity will accelerate adoption of ASR by applying and disseminating new methods for mapping and identifying high potential ASR locations using remote sensing, geospatial data, and water availability analyses.

Objectives

The overall goal is to improve water security in the MENA region by accelerating aquifer storage and recovery (ASR). Specific objectives are:

  • Demonstrate new methods to identify high potential ASR sites
  • Map ASR potential in two study areas for testing & replication in other MENA countries
  • Build the capacity of MENA water institutions to develop non-conventional water resources

Selected products

Articles:

  • Abdallat, G., and others, 2020, Management of Treated Wastewater and Flood Water Using GIS for Environmental Protection in Jordan: J. Geoscience & Environment Protection, https://doi.org/10.4236/gep.2020.81006.
  • Al-Batsh, N., and others, 2019, Assessment of Rainwater Harvesting Systems in Poor Rural Communities: A Case Study from Yatta Area, Palestine: Water, 11(3), https://doi.org/10.3390/w11030585.
  • Al-Khatib, I.A., and others, 2019, Health Risk Associated with Some Trace and Some Heavy Metals Content of Harvested Rainwater in Yatta Area, Palestine: Water, 11(2), https://doi.org/10.3390/w11020238.
  • Salameh, E., and others, 2019, Planning considerations of managed aquifer recharge (MAR) projects in Jordan: Waterhttps://doi.org/10.3390/w11020182.

Abstracts:

  • Abdallat, G., and E. Salameh, 2019, Mixing of Waters and Water-Rock Interaction Processes during Managed Aquifer Recharge: 10th International Symposium on Manage Aquifer Recharge, Madrid, p. 111, https://www.ismar10.net/en/2019/05/18/ismar10-abstracts-book-and-program/.
  • Gorski, Galen, and van der Valk, Michael, 2019, Producing more interpretable maps of managed aquifer recharge suitability by visualizing sensitivity to subjective choices during mapmaking: 10th International Symposium on Manage Aquifer Recharge, Madrid, p. 133, https://www.ismar10.net/en/2019/05/18/ismar10-abstracts-book-and-program/.
  • Harb, H. and others, 2019, Metals content, occurrence and distribution in soil of Al-Qilt catchment: 10th International Symposium on Manage Aquifer Recharge, Madrid, p. 156, https://www.ismar10.net/en/2019/05/18/ismar10-abstracts-book-and-program/.
  • Salameh, E., and others, 2019, Unsustainable Depletion of Non-Renewable Groundwater Accelerating - the Jordan Case: American Geophysical Union Chapman Conference on the Quest for Sustainability of Heavily Stressed Aquifers at Regional to Global Scales, Valencia, Spain, October 21-24, 2019, https://agu.confex.com/agu/19chapman5/meetingapp.cgi/Paper/487943.
  • Senay, G.B., and others, 2019, Integrating weather and remote sensing datasets for historical (1980-2015) runoff simulations and mapping in the MENA region: 10th International Symposium on Manage Aquifer Recharge, Madrid, p. 77, https://www.ismar10.net/en/2019/05/18/ismar10-abstracts-book-and-program/.
  • Senay, G.B., and others, 2019, Integrating weather and remote sensing datasets for historical (1980-2015) runoff simulations and mapping in the MENA region: 10th International Symposium on Manage Aquifer Recharge, Madrid, p. 77, https://www.ismar10.net/en/2019/05/18/ismar10-abstracts-book-and-program/.
  • Van der Valk, Michael, and others, 2019, The impact of MAR suitability mapping and maps as a tool in the science-policy interface: 10th International Symposium on Manage Aquifer Recharge, Madrid, p. 214, https://www.ismar10.net/en/2019/05/18/ismar10-abstracts-book-and-program/.
  • Velpuri, N.M., and others, 2019, Mapping potential sites for aquifer storage and recovery in the MENA region: A hydrologic modeling and remote sensing approach: 10th International Symposium on Manage Aquifer Recharge, Madrid, p. 76, https://www.ismar10.net/en/2019/05/18/ismar10-abstracts-book-and-program/.
  • Abdallat, G., and E. Salameh, 2018, Water harvesting and groundwater artificial recharge in Jordan - Wadi Kafrain case study: Remote Sensing and Hydrology Symposium (RSHS18), Cordoba, Spain, May 2018, no. 86.
  • Senay, G.B., and others, 2018, Satellite-derived actual evapotranspiration mapping for basin water budget assessment and drought monitoring applications: Remote Sensing and Hydrology Symposium (RSHS18), Cordoba, Spain, May 2018, no. 69.
  • Velpuri, N.M., and others, 2018, Modeling regional rainfall dataset using satellite based rainfall observations, in situ data and rainfall climatology contours: A case study for the MENA region: Remote Sensing and Hydrology Symposium (RSHS18), Cordoba, Spain, May 2018, no. 38.
  • Velpuri, N. M., and others, 2018, Validation of seven gridded rainfall products for the Jordan, Palestine, and Lebanon region using in situ observations: American Geophysical Union 2018 Fall Meeting, H43F-2471, https://agu.confex.com/agu/fm18/meetingapp.cgi/Paper/394693.