Pacific Island Ecosystems Research Center

Publications

Filter Total Items: 471
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Year Published: 1997

Apapane (Himatione sanguinea)

The 'Apapane is the most abundant species of Hawaiian honeycreeper and is perhaps best known for its wide-ranging flights in search of localized blooms of ō'hi'a (Metrosideros polymorpha) flowers, its primary food source. 'Apapane are common in mesic and wet forests above 1,000 m elevation on the islands of Hawai'i, Maui, and Kaua'i; locally...

Fancy, Steven G.; Ralph, C. John

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Year Published: 1997

Response of six species of Hawaiian forest birds to a 1991-1992 El Nino drought

[No abstract available]

Lindsey, G.D.; Pratt, T.K.; Reynolds, M.H.; Jacobi, J.D.
Response of six species of Hawaiian forest birds to a 1991-1992 El Nino drought; 1997; Article; Journal; Wilson Bulletin; Lindsey, G. D.; Pratt, T. K.; Reynolds, M. H.; Jacobi, J. D.

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Year Published: 1997

Translocation of the Palila, an endangered Hawaiian honeycreeper

The Palila Loxioides bailleui is an endangered Hawaiian honeycreeper that is restricted to high-elevation dry woodlands on Mauna Kea volcano, Hawaii. Palila are absent or occur in small numbers throughout most of their historic range because of habitat loss, predation and avian disease. The Paula's habitat is regenerating as a result of feral...

Fancy, S.G.
Translocation of the Palila, an endangered Hawaiian honeycreeper; 1997; Article; Journal; Pacific Conservation Biology; Fancy, S. G.

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Year Published: 1996

Survival of radio-collared nestling Puerto Rican parrots

Meyers, J.M.; Arendt, W.J.; Lindsey, G.D.
Survival of radio-collared nestling Puerto Rican parrots; 1996; Article; Journal; Wilson Bulletin; Meyers, J.M.; Arendt, W.J.; Lindsey, G.D.

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Year Published: 1996

Nesting behavior of the poo-uli

We describe two sequential nestings of a pair of Poo-uli (Melamprosops phaeosoma), a Hawaiian honeycreeper nearing extinction. Similarities to nesting of most other honeycreepers included: nest site in ohia lehua (Metrosideros polymorpha Gaud.) canopy; breeding in March through June; monogamous breeding system with the putative male helping build...

Kepler, C.B.; Pratt, T.K.; Ecton, A.M.; Engilis, A.; Fluetsch, K.M.
Nesting behavior of the poo-uli; 1996; Article; Journal; Wilson Bulletin; Kepler, C.B.; Pratt, T.K.; Ecton, A.M.; Engilis, A., Jr.; Fluetsch, K.M.

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Year Published: 1995

Wildlife disease and conservation in Hawaii: pathogenicity of avian malaria (Plasmodium relictum) in experimentally infected Iiwi (Vestiaria coccinea)

Native Hawaiian forest birds are facing a major extinction crisis with more than 75% of species recorded in historical times either extinct or endangered. Reasons for this catastrophe include habitat destruction, competition with non-native species, and introduction of predators and avian diseases. We tested susceptibility of Iiwi (Vestiaria...

Atkinson, C.T.; Woods, K.L.; Dusek, Robert J.; Sileo, L.S.; Iko, W.M.
Wildlife disease and conservation in Hawaii: pathogenicity of avian malaria (Plasmodium relictum) in experimentally infected Iiwi (Vestiaria coccinea); 1995; Article; Journal; Parsitology; Atkinson, C. T.; Woods, K. L.; Dusek, R. J.; Sileo, L. S.; Iko, W. M.

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Year Published: 1995

Hawaii's endemic birds

The endemic landbirds of Hawaii, particularly the Hawaiian honeycreepers, an endemic subfamily of the cardueline finches, are one of the world's most dramatic examples of adaptive radiation and speciation (see glossary) in island ecosystems (Freed et al. 1987; Scott et al. 1988). From what is believed to have been a single successful colonization...

LaRoe, Edward T.; Farris, Gaye S.; Puckett, Catherine E.; Doran, Peter D.; Mac, Michael J.; Jacobi, James D.; Atkinson, Carter T.
Hawaii's endemic birds; 1995; Report; Report; Our Living Resources: A Report to the Nation on the Distribution, Abundance, and Health of U.S. Plants, Animals, and Ecosystems; Jacobi, J. D.; Atkinson, C. T.

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Year Published: 1994

Demography and movements of the endangered akepa and Hawaii creeper

We studied populations of the endangered Akepa (Loxops coccineus coccineus) and Hawaii Creeper (Oreomystis mana) at four sites on the island of Hawaii. Mean monthly density (? SL) of Akepa was 5.74 t 0.87, 1.3? 0.41, 0.96 -? 0.13, and 0.76 ? 0.12 Akepa/ha at Kau Forest, Hamakua, Keauhou Ranch, and Kilauea Forest study areas, respectively. Hawaii...

Ralph, C.J.; Fancy, S.G.
Demography and movements of the endangered akepa and Hawaii creeper; 1994; Article; Journal; Wilson Bulletin; Ralph, C.J.; Fancy, S.G.

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Year Published: 1994

Demography and movements of the omao (Myadestes obscurus)

Density, age-specific survival, timing of breeding and molting, and movements of the Omao or Hawaiian Thrush (Myadestes obscurus) were studied at four sites on the island of Hawaii. Mean monthly density (birds/ha) was 3.23 +- 0.57, 1.07 +- 0.33, 3.23 +- 0. 16, and 3.74 +- 0.36 at Kau Forest, Hamakua. Keauhou Ranch, and Kilauea Forest study areas,...

Ralph, C.J.; Fancy, S.G.
Demography and movements of the omao (Myadestes obscurus); 1994; Article; Journal; Condor; Ralph, C.J.; Fancy, S.G.

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Year Published: 1994

Identifying sex and age of akiapolaau

Methods for identifying the sex and age of the Akiapolaau (Hemignathus munroi), an endangered honeycreeper found only on the island of Hawaii, were developed by examination and measurement of 73 museum specimens and 24 live birds captured in mist nests. Akiapolaau probably undergo a single annual molt, with most birds molting between February and...

Pratt, T.K.; Fancy, S.G.; Harada, C.K.; Lindsey, G.D.; Jacobi, J.D.
Identifying sex and age of akiapolaau; 1994; Article; Journal; Wilson Bulletin; Pratt, T.K.; Fancy, S.G.; Harada, C.K.; Lindsey, G.D.; Jacobi, J.D.

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Year Published: 1994

Timing of breeding and molting in six species of Hawaiian honeycreepers

The timing of breeding and molting was studied in six species of Hawaiian honeycreepers with differing food habits on the Island of Hawaii. The availability of nectar was highly seasonal, whereas insect abundance was relatively constant throughout the year. All six species of honeycreeper had extended breeding and molting periods with peak...

Ralph, C.J.; Fancy, S.G.
Timing of breeding and molting in six species of Hawaiian honeycreepers; 1994; Article; Journal; Condor; Ralph, C.J.; Fancy, S.G.

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Year Published: 1994

Determining age and sex of oma o (Myadestes obscurus)

No abstract available.

Fancy, S.G.; Jacobi, J.D.; Pratt, T.K.; Ralph, C.J.
Determining age and sex of oma o (Myadestes obscurus); 1994; Article; Journal; 'Elepaio; Fancy, S.G.; Jacobi, J.D.; Pratt, T.K.; Ralph, C.J.