Brazilian Agencies Partner With USGS On Water Programs

Science Center Objects

The USGS International Programs Office has intermittentantly collaborated with Brazil's Geological Survey (CPRM) since the early 1970's. With the creation of the Brazilian National Water Agency (ANA), Brazil's hydrologic monitoring network has taken on a higher socioeconomic importance. 

The collaboration agreements between USGS and ANA/CPRM have strengthened the Brazilian streamgaging network as well as provided funding for USGS scientists.

Federative Republic of Brazil, National Water Agency of Brazil and Geological Survey of Brazil

Federative Republic of Brazil, National Water Agency of Brazil and Geological Survey of Brazil

(Public domain.)

History

Christopher Smith (USGS), Frederico Peixhino (CPRM), Brian McCallum (USGS)

Christopher Smith (USGS), Frederico Peixhino (CPRM), Brian McCallum (USGS) (February 2014)

(Public domain.)

  • Early 1970's USGS begins collaboration with Brazil's Geological Survey (CPRM)
  • In 2000, Brazil establishes National Water Agency (ANA) which oversees 80% of the hydrologic monitoring network.
  • Beginning in 2014, USGS personnel participated in a US Army Corp of Engineers-led workshop in Brazil where staff assisted with evaluation of field sites, field procedures and data management techniques related to streamgaging efforts. As an outcome of this workshop, ANA was provided a list of recommendations and findings that led to a Letter of Agreement (LOA) for ongoing activities starting in 2015.
  • The 2015 LOA led to the formation of a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between the ANA, USGS and CPRM for “scientific and technical cooperation in earth sciences” between the United States and Brazil.
  • Since 2015, USGS has helped Brazil optimize their streamgaging network. Additionally, USGS activities have also included a joint mission between USGS and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for water-quality monitoring and analysis and an enhanced partnership with Bureau of Reclamation (BOR)-related to water transfer systems design and management and dam safety.
  • All activities coordinated through the oversight of the USGS International Office and the USGS Water Mission Area.

Collaboration Results

General

Brazilian Scientists Attending "Train the Trainers" Class In Atlanta

Brazilian Scientists Attending "Train the Trainers" Class In Atlanta

(Public domain.)

  • 75+ staff from dozens of USGS offices have participated in this program.
  • Over 400 Brazilian scientists have attended various training courses and USGS teams have worked in seven major river basins throughout Brazil.
  • Approximately $8 million in reimbursable funds committed to USGS.

Letter of Agreement (2015)

Demonstrating USGS Water Sampling Techniques with Brazilian Scientists

Demonstrating USGS Water Sampling Techniques with Brazilian Scientists, April 2015

(Public domain.)

  • September: A week-long visit by ANA and CPRM scientists to USGS-Atlanta for collaboration of interpretive studies. Also traveled to USGS and Bureau of Reclamation HQ's for national perspectives.
  • April: A two-week visit by ANA and CPRM scientists to USGS-Atlanta for field visits and records working. Separate group traveled to USGS Hydrologic Instrumentation Facility (HIF), Supergage on Mississippi River, National Water Quality Laboratory (NWQL) and National Training Center (Denver).
  • August: A two-week visit by 6 USGS scientists to visit three areas of Brazil for more comprehensive evaluation of monitoring locations.

Memorandum of Understanding 

Project Annex #1 (2016-2017)

Network Design and Optimization of the national streamgaging network. 

  • Used National Streamflow Information Program (NSIP) model to design National Hydro-Meteorological Reference Network (NHRN) in Brazil

Workshops and Training related hydrology, response plans, data management.

  • Introduction to USGS Streamgaging and Station Leveling
  • Basic Electronics and Troubleshooting
  • Streamflow Measurements Using Acoustic Doppler Current Profilers (ADCPs)
  • Records Processing and Rating Development

Support and Systems Development for handling real-time streamgage data.

  • Safety Mission
  • IT Database Design Mission
  • OSW, NWQL, and HIF webinars

Special Projects

  • Rio Doce', Samarco Dam Break (19 people killed, watershed devastated)
  • ANA requested USGS/EPA evaluate the data collection response after dam break
  • ANA requested USGS/EPA provide recommendations for basin remediation plan after dam break 

Interpretive Studies

  • Water Use
  • Water Quality Modeling using SPARROW, (SPAtially Referenced Regressions On Watershed attributes)

 

    Project Annex #2 (2017)

    Brazilian National Water Agency (ANA) Monitoring Sites

    The new design of the Brazilian National Hydro-Meteorological Reference Network (NHRN) 

    (Public domain.)

    Network Design and Optimization of the national streamgaging network.

    • NHRN Implementation
    • Water Quality focus

    Workshops and Training related hydrology, response plans, data management.

    • Same four technical trainings from Annex #1
    • Added two QW training courses

    Support and Systems Development for handling real-time streamgage data.

    • Field Safety Program
    • IT Technical Visit
    • NWQL Technical Visit
    • Technical Review mission

    Special Projects

    • Index-Velocity Concepts
    • Rio Doce' data report review

    Interpretive Studies

    • Water Use mission
    • Water Quality Modeling mission
    • USBR course/mission

    Project Annex #3 (2018-2020)

    Activities of Project Annex 3 will continue to build upon the strong foundations set from previous agreements and will add new components related to sediment data collection and analysis over the next three calendar years.  Additionally, more detailed collaborations with water-quality modeling, water use analyses, water-systems management, and dam safety that will include a broad collection of scientists from USGS, EPA and the Bureau of Reclamation.

    • Project Work Plan and Timeline Development
    • Network Optimization and Implementation
    • Special Webinars, Workshops and Training
    • Support and Systems Development
    • Special Projects
    • Interpretive Studies
    • Project Administration