Upper Midwest Water Science Center

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Our USGS Upper Midwest Water Science Center priority is to continue the important work of the Department of the Interior and the USGS, while also maintaining the health and safety of our employees and community.  Based on guidance from the White House, the CDC, and state and local authorities, we are shifting our operations to a virtual mode and have minimal staffing within our offices. If you need additional assistance, please contact Center Director John Walker at jfwalker@usgs.gov.

Current conditions in MI, MN, and WI

Current conditions in MI, MN, and WI

Explore real-time streamflow, groundwater, and water-quality conditions and access data with our interactive map application.

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Message from the Director

Message from the Director

Learn more about the Upper Midwest Water Science Center from John Walker, our Center Director.

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News

Date published: May 13, 2021

Water Resources in Minnesota Significantly Improved by Land Restoration

Conversion of agricultural lands to wetland and native prairie greatly enhanced the quality of water resources, increased groundwater recharge and decreased floodwaters in the Glacial Ridge National Wildlife Refuge, Minnesota, according to a U.S. Geological Survey study.

Date published: April 9, 2021

Surface-Air Mercury Fluxes and a Watershed Mass Balance in Forested and Harvested Catchments

Forest soils can act as repositories for atmospherically deposited mercury, yet forestry practices can influence mercury mobility and fluxes, food web dynamics, and bioaccumulation processes.

Publications

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Year Published: 2021

Appendix C: Central sands lakes study technical report: Modeling documentation

This report provides the necessary documentation of the numerical models developed for the Central Sands Lake study in central Wisconsin and will be included as a technical appendix in the report to the Wisconsin State Legislature by the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WDNR) in response to 2017 Wisconsin Act 10. This legislation...

Fienen, Michael N.; Haserodt, Megan J.; Leaf, Andrew T.; Westenbroek, Stephen, M.

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Year Published: 2021

Initial estimates of net infiltration and irrigation from a soil-water-balance model of the Mississippi Embayment Regional Aquifer Study Area

The Mississippi embayment encompasses about 100,000 square miles and covers parts of eight States. In 2016, the U.S. Geological Survey began updating previous work for a part of the embayment known as the Mississippi Alluvial Plain to support informed water use and agricultural policy in the region. Groundwater, water use, economic, and other...

Westenbroek, Stephen, M.; Nielsen, Martha G.; Ladd, David E.
Westenbroek, S.M., Nielsen, M.G., and Ladd, D.E., 2021, Initial estimates of net infiltration and irrigation from a soil-water-balance model of the Mississippi Embayment Regional Aquifer Study Area: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2021-1008, 29 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20211008.

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Year Published: 2021

Sediment characteristics of northwestern Wisconsin’s Nemadji River, 1973–2016

In 2015–16, a comparison study of stream sediment collection techniques was done for a U.S. Geological Survey streamgage on the Nemadji River near South Superior, Wisconsin (U.S. Geological Survey station number 04024430) to provide an adjustment factor for comparing suspended-sediment rating curves for two historical periods 1973–86 and 2006–16....

Fitzpatrick, Faith A.
Fitzpatrick, F.A., 2021, Sediment characteristics of northwestern Wisconsin’s Nemadji River, 1973–2016: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2021–1003, 27 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20211003.