Virginia and West Virginia Water Science Center

Publications

Search and download the journal articles and USGS publications authored by our scientists.

Filter Total Items: 213
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Year Published: 2021

The Chesapeake Bay program modeling system: Overview and recommendations for future development

The Chesapeake Bay is the largest, most productive, and most biologically diverse estuary in the continental United States providing crucial habitat and natural resources for culturally and economically important species. Pressures from human population growth and associated development and agricultural intensification have led to excessive...

Hood, Raleigh; Shenk, Gary Wynee; Dixon, Rachel L; Smith, Sean M. C.; Ball, William P.; Bash, Jesse; Batiuk, R.; Boomer, Kathy; Brady, Damian C; Cerco, Carl; Claggett, Peter R.; de Mutsert, Kim; Easton, Zachary M.; Elmore, Andrew J; Friedrichs, Marjorie A. M.; Harris, Lora A.; Ihde, Thomas F.; Lacher, Iara; Li, Li; Linker, Lewis; Miller, Andrew; Moriarty, Julia; Noe, Gregory B.; Onyullo, George; Rose, Kenneth A; Skalak, Katherine; Tian, Richard; Veith, Tamie L; Wainger, Lisa A.; Weller, Donald E.; Zhang, Yinglong J.

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Year Published: 2021

Simulated effects of sea-level rise on the shallow, fresh groundwater system of Assateague Island, Maryland and Virginia

The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the National Park Service, developed a three-dimensional groundwater-flow model for Assateague Island in eastern Maryland and Virginia to assess the effects of sea-level rise on the groundwater system. Sea-level rise is expected to increase the altitude of the water table in barrier island aquifer...

Fleming, Brandon J.; Raffensperger, Jeff P.; Goodling, Phillip J.; Masterson, John P.
Fleming, B.J., Raffensperger, J.P., Goodling, P.J., and Masterson, J., 2021, Simulated effects of sea-level rise on the shallow, fresh groundwater system of Assateague Island, Maryland and Virginia: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5104, 62 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205104.

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Year Published: 2021

Nutrient trends and drivers in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed

The Chesapeake Bay Program maintains an extensive nontidal monitoring network, measuring nitrogen and phosphorus (nutrients) at more than 100 locations on rivers and streams in the watershed. Data from these locations are used by United States Geological Survey to assess the ecosystem’s response to nutrient-reduction efforts. This fact sheet...

Hyer, Kenneth E.; Phillips, Scott W.; Ator, Scott W.; Moyer, Douglas L.; Webber, James S.; Felver, Rachel; Keisman, Jennifer L.; McDonnell, Lee A.; Murphy, Rebecca; Trentacoste, Emily M.; Zhang, Qian; Dennison, William C.; Swanson, Sky; Walsh, Brianne; Hawkey, Jane; Taillie, Dylan
Hyer, K.E., Phillips, S.W., Ator, S.W., Moyer, D.L., Webber, J.S., Felver, R., Keisman, J.L., McDonnell, L.A., Murphy, R., Trentacoste, E.M., Zhang, Q., Dennison, W.C., Swanson, S., Walsh, B., Hawkey, J., and Taillie, D., 2021, Nutrient trends and drivers in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2020–3069, 4 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20203069.

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Year Published: 2021

An approach for decomposing river water-quality trends into different flow classes

A number of statistical approaches have been developed to quantify the overall trend in river water quality, but most approaches are not intended for reporting separate trends for different flow conditions. We propose an approach called FN2Q, which is an extension of the flow-normalization (FN) procedure of the well-established WRTDS (“Weighted...

Zhang, Qian; Webber, James S.; Moyer, Douglas L.; Chanat, Jeffrey G.

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Year Published: 2020

Spatial and temporal patterns in streamflow, water chemistry, and aquatic macroinvertebrates of selected streams in Fairfax County, Virginia, 2007–18

Urbanization substantially alters the landscape in ways that can impact stream hydrology, water chemistry, and the health of aquatic communities. Stormwater best management practices (BMPs) are the primary tools used to mitigate the effects of urban stressors such as increased runoff, decreased baseflow, and increased nutrient and sediment...

Porter, Aaron J.; Webber, James S.; Witt, Jonathan W.; Jastram, John D.
Porter, A.J., Webber, J.S., Witt, J.W., and Jastram, J.D., 2020, Spatial and temporal patterns in streamflow, water chemistry, and aquatic macroinvertebrates of selected streams in Fairfax County, Virginia, 2007–18: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5061, 106 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205061.

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Year Published: 2020

Meeting the challenge: U.S. Geological Survey North Atlantic and Appalachian Region fiscal year 2020 in review

The utilization, preservation, and conservation of the Nation’s resources requires well-informed management decisions. The North Atlantic and Appalachian Region (NAAR) of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) supports science-based decision making for Federal, State, and local policymakers to meet the challenges of today and into the future. The...

U.S. Geological Survey, 2020, Meeting the challenge—U.S. Geological Survey North Atlantic and Appalachian Region fiscal year 2020 in review: U.S. Geological Survey General Information Product 207, 20 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/gip207.

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Year Published: 2020

Application of a new species-richness based flow ecology framework for assessing flow reduction effects on aquatic communities

Water‐resources managers are challenged with maintaining a balance among beneficial uses throughout river networks and need robust means of assessing potential risks to aquatic life resulting from flow alterations. This study generated ecological limit functions from species‐streamflow relations to quantify potential fish richness response to flow...

Rapp, Jennifer; Burgholzer, Robert W.; Kleiner, Joseph D; Scott, Durelle R; Passero, Elaina M

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Year Published: 2020

elfgen: A new instream flow framework for rapid generation and optimization of flow-ecology relations

Effective water resource management requires practical, data‐driven determination of instream flow needs. Newly developed, high‐resolution flow models and aquatic species databases provide enormous opportunity, but the volume of data can prove challenging to manage without automated tools. The objective of this study was to develop a framework of...

Kleiner, Joseph D; Passero, Elaina M; Burgholzer, Robert W.; Krstolic, Jennifer L.; Scott, Durelle R

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Year Published: 2020

Science to support water-resource management in the upper Roanoke River watershed

Flooding, excessive sedimentation, and high bacteria counts are among the most challenging water resource issues affecting the Upper Roanoke River watershed. These issues threaten public safety, impair the watershed’s living resources, and threaten drinking water supplies, though mitigation is costly and difficult to manage.Urban development, land...

Webber, James S.; Jastram, John D.
Webber, J., and Jastram, J., 2020, Science to support water-resource management in the upper Roanoke River watershed: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2020-3040, 2 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20203040.

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Year Published: 2020

Chemical constituent concentrations in stream water, streambed sediment, and soils of Fort Belvoir, Virginia—A characterization of ambient conditions in 2019

IntroductionThe U.S. Army Fort Belvoir (FTBL) installation is on the banks of the Potomac River in Fairfax County, northeastern Virginia. The installation was founded by the U.S. Army during World War I. It has been home to a variety of military organizations over the course of its more than 100-year history and currently houses more than 145...

Rice, Karen C.; Chambers, Douglas B.
Rice, K.C., and Chambers, D.B., 2020, Chemical constituent concentrations in stream water, streambed sediment, and soils of Fort Belvoir, Virginia—A characterization of ambient conditions in 2019: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1059, 20 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201059.

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Year Published: 2020

Groundwater quality and geochemistry of West Virginia’s southern coal fields

Coal mining has been the dominant industry and land use in West Virginia’s southern coal fields since the mid-1800s. Mortality rates for a variety of serious chronic conditions, such as diabetes, heart disease, and some forms of cancer in Appalachian coal mining regions, are higher than in areas lacking substantial coal mining activity within the...

Kozar, Mark D.; McAdoo, Mitchell A.; Haase, Karl B.
Kozar, M.D., McAdoo, M.A., and Haase, K.B., 2020, Groundwater quality and geochemistry of West Virginia’s southern coal fields (ver. 1.1, March 2020): U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019−5059, 78 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195059.

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Year Published: 2019

Hydrogeologic framework of the Virginia Eastern Shore

The Yorktown-Eastover aquifer system of the Virginia Eastern Shore consists of upper, middle, and lower confined aquifers overlain by correspondingly named confining units and underlain by the Saint Marys confining unit. Miocene- to Pliocene-age marine-shelf sediments observed in 205 boreholes include medium- to coarse-grained sand and shells that...

McFarland, E. Randolph; Beach, Todd A.
McFarland, E.R., and Beach, T.A., 2019, Hydrogeologic framework of the Virginia Eastern Shore: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5093, 26 p., 13 pl., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195093.