Virginia and West Virginia Water Science Center

Publications

Search and download the journal articles and USGS publications authored by our scientists.

Filter Total Items: 197
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Year Published: 2019

De facto reuse and disinfection by-products in drinking water systems in the Shenandoah River watershed

De facto reuse is increasingly being studied among the variety of stressors that are relevant to drinking water systems that obtain their source water from surface waters. De facto reuse may influence the levels and types of precursors relevant to formation of disinfection by-products (DBPs) in surface water systems. DBPs such as...

Weisman, Richard J; Barber, Larry; Rapp, Jennifer; Ferreira, Celso M

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Year Published: 2019

Documentation of a Soil-Water-Balance Model to estimate recharge to Blue Ridge, Piedmont, and Mesozoic Basin fractured-rock aquifers, Fauquier County, Virginia, 1996 through 2015

This report documents a Soil-Water-Balance (SWB) model that was developed for an area covering the Blue Ridge, Piedmont, and Mesozoic basin fractured-rock aquifers in Fauquier County, Virginia, for the calendar years 1996–2015. The SWB model includes an area of 1,498 square miles, divided into 1,076-square-foot (100-square-meter) grid cells on...

McCoy, Kurt J.; Ladd, David E.
McCoy, K.J., and Ladd, D.E., 2019, Documentation of a Soil-Water-Balance model to estimate recharge to Blue Ridge, Piedmont, and Mesozoic Basin fractured-rock aquifers, Fauquier County, Virginia, 1996 through 2015: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5056, 22 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195056.

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Year Published: 2019

Remote sensing of river flow in Alaska—New technology to improve safety and expand coverage of USGS streamgaging

The U.S. Geological Survey monitors water level (water surface elevation relative to an arbitrary datum) and measures streamflow in Alaska rivers to compute and compile river flow records for use by water resource planners, engineers, and land managers to design infrastructure, manage floodplains, and protect life, property, and aquatic resources...

Conaway, Jeff; Eggleston, John R.; Legleiter, Carl J.; Jones, John W.; Kinzel, Paul J.; Fulton, John W.
Conaway, J.S., Eggleston, J., Legleiter, C.J., Jones, J.W., Kinzel, P.J., and Fulton, J.W., 2019, Remote sensing of river flow in Alaska—New technology to improve safety and expand coverage of USGS streamgaging: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2019-3024, 4 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20193024.

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Year Published: 2019

Drought forecasting for streams and groundwaters in northeastern United States

BackgroundWhen rainfall is lower than normal over an extended period, streamflows decline, groundwater levels fall, and hydrological drought can occur. Droughts can reduce the water available for societal needs, such as public and private drinking-water supplies, farming, and industry, and for ecological health, such as maintenance of water...

Austin, Samuel H.; Dudley, Robert W.
Austin, S.H., and Dudley, R.W., 2019, Drought forecasting for streams and groundwaters in northeastern United States: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2019–3015, 4 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20193015.

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Year Published: 2018

Hydrologic conditions and simulation of groundwater and surface water in the Great Dismal Swamp of Virginia and North Carolina

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the U.S Fish and Wildlife Service, has investigated the hydrology of the Great Dismal Swamp (Swamp) National Wildlife Refuge (Refuge) in Virginia and North Carolina and developed a three-dimensional numerical model to simulate groundwater and surface-water hydrology. The model was developed...

Eggleston, Jack R.; Decker, Jeremy D.; Finkelstein, Jason S.; Wurster, Frederic C.; Misut, Paul E.; Sturtevant, Luke P.; Speiran, Gary K.
Eggleston J.R., Decker, J.D., Finkelstein, J.S., Wurster, F.C., Misut, P.E., Sturtevant, L.P., and Speiran, G.K., 2018, Hydrologic conditions and simulation of groundwater and surface water in the Great Dismal Swamp of Virginia and North Carolina: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2018-5056, 67 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20185056.

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Year Published: 2018

Rating stability, and frequency and magnitude of shifts, for streamgages in Virginia through water year 2013

The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality, has quantified several measures of rating stability and the frequency and magnitude of changes to ratings through time for 174 real-time continuous streamgages active in Virginia as of September 30, 2013. Generalized additive models (GAMs) were fitted...

Messinger, Terence; Burgholzer, Robert W.
Messinger, T., and Burgholzer, R.W., 2018, Rating stability, and frequency and magnitude of shifts, for streamgages in Virginia through water year 2013: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2017–5137, 91 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20175137.

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Year Published: 2018

GIS-based method for estimating surficial groundwater levels in coastal Virginia using limited information

In many coastal areas, high water tables are present, complicating installation of some stormwater best management practices (BMPs) that rely on infiltration. Regional estimates of the seasonal high water table (SHWT) often rely on sources such as soil surveys taken over a decade ago; these data are static and do not account for groundwater...

Johnson, R.D.; Sample, David J.; McCoy, Kurt J.

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Year Published: 2018

U.S. Geological Survey - Virginia Department of Transportation: Bridge scour pilot study

BackgroundCost effective and safe highway bridge designs are required to ensure the long-term sustainability of Virginia’s road systems. The streamflows that, over time, scour streambed sediments from bridge piers inherently affect bridge safety and design costs. To ensure safety, bridge design must anticipate streambed scour at bridge piers over...

Austin, Samuel H.
Austin, S.H., 2018, U.S. Geological Survey - Virginia Department of Transportation: Bridge scour pilot study: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2018–3006, 2 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20183006.

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Year Published: 2018

Variability of hydrological droughts in the conterminous United States, 1951 through 2014

Spatial and temporal variability in the frequency, duration, and severity of hydrological droughts across the conterminous United States (CONUS) was examined using monthly mean streamflow measured at 872 sites from 1951 through 2014. Hydrological drought is identified as starting when streamflow falls below the 20th percentile streamflow value for...

Austin, Samuel H.; Wolock, David M.; Nelms, David L.
Austin, S.H., Wolock, D.M., and Nelms, D.L., 2018, Variability of hydrological droughts in the conterminous United States, 1951 through 2014: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2017–5099, 16 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20175099.

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Year Published: 2018

Characteristics of peak streamflows and extent of inundation in areas of West Virginia and southwestern Virginia affected by flooding, June 2016

Heavy rainfall occurred across central and southern WestVirginia in June 2016 as a result of repeated rounds of torrentialthunderstorms. The storms caused major flooding and flashflooding in central and southern West Virginia with Kanawha,Fayette, Nicholas, and Greenbrier Counties among the hardesthit. Over the duration of the storms, from 8 to 9....

Austin, Samuel H.; Watson, Kara M.; Lotspeich, R. Russell; Cauller, Stephen J.; White , Jeremy S.; Wicklein, Shaun M.
Austin, S.H., Watson, K.M., Lotspeich, R.R., Cauller, S.J., White, J.S., and Wicklein, S.M., 2018, Characteristics of peak streamflows and extent of inundation in areas of West Virginia and southwestern Virginia affected by flooding, June 2016 (ver. 1.1, September 2018): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2017–1140, 35 p., https://doi. org/10.3133/ofr20171140.

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Year Published: 2017

Virginia flow-ecology modeling results—An initial assessment of flow reduction effects on aquatic biota

BackgroundThe U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ), reviewed a previously compiled set of linear regression models to assess their utility in defining the response of the aquatic biological community to streamflow depletion.As part of the 2012 Virginia Healthy Watersheds...

Rapp, Jennifer L.; Reilly, Pamela A.
Rapp, J.L., and Reilly, P.A., 2017, Virginia flow-ecology modeling results—An initial assessment of flow reduction effects on aquatic biota: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2017–1088, 68 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20171088.

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Year Published: 2017

Groundwater-quality data associated with abandoned underground coal mine aquifers in West Virginia, 1973-2016: Compilation of existing data from multiple sources

This report describes a compilation of existing water-quality data associated with groundwater resources originating from abandoned underground coal mines in West Virginia. Data were compiled from multiple sources for the purpose of understanding the suitability of groundwater from abandoned underground coal mines for public supply, industrial,...

McAdoo, Mitchell A.; Kozar, Mark D.
McAdoo, M.A., and Kozar M.D., 2017, Groundwater-quality data associated with abandoned underground coal mine aquifers in West Virginia, 1973-2016: Compilation of existing data from multiple sources: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1069, 7 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ds1069.