Washington Water Science Center

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Filter Total Items: 735
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Year Published: 2016

Groundwater contaminant plume maps and volumes, 100-K and 100-N Areas, Hanford Site, Washington

This study provides an independent estimate of the areal and volumetric extent of groundwater contaminant plumes which are affected by waste disposal in the 100-K and 100-N Areas (study area) along the Columbia River Corridor of the Hanford Site. The Hanford Natural Resource Trustee Council requested that the U.S. Geological Survey perform this...

Johnson, Kenneth H.
Johnson, K.H., 2016, Groundwater contaminant plume maps and volumes, 100-K and 100–N Areas, Hanford Site, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2016–1161, 64 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20161161.

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Year Published: 2016

Magnitude, frequency, and trends of floods at gaged and ungaged sites in Washington, based on data through water year 2014

An investigation into the magnitude and frequency of floods in Washington State computed the annual exceedance probability (AEP) statistics for 648 U.S. Geological Survey unregulated streamgages in and near the borders of Washington using the recorded annual peak flows through water year 2014. This is an updated report from a previous report...

Mastin, Mark C.; Konrad, Christopher P.; Veilleux, Andrea G.; Tecca, Alison E.
Mastin, M.C., Konrad, C.P., Veilleux, A.G., and Tecca, A.E., 2016, Magnitude, frequency, and trends of floods at gaged and ungaged sites in Washington, based on data through water year 2014 (ver 1.2, November 2017): U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2016–5118, 70 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20165118.

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Year Published: 2016

Numerical simulation of groundwater flow at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Naval Base Kitsap, Bremerton, Washington

Information about groundwater-flow paths and locations where groundwater discharges at and near Puget Sound Naval Shipyard is necessary for understanding the potential migration of subsurface contaminants by groundwater at the shipyard. The design of some remediation alternatives would be aided by knowledge of whether groundwater flowing at...

Jones, Joseph L.; Johnson, Kenneth H.; Frans, Lonna M.
Jones, J.L., Johnson, K.H., and Frans, L.M., 2016, Numerical simulation of groundwater flow at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Naval Base Kitsap, Bremerton, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2016-1135, 35 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20161135.

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Year Published: 2016

Sediment load and distribution in the lower Skagit River, Skagit County, Washington

The Skagit River delivers about 40 percent of all fluvial sediment that enters Puget Sound, influencing flood hazards in the Skagit lowlands, critically important estuarine habitat in the delta, and some of the most diverse and productive agriculture in western Washington. A total of 175 measurements of suspended-sediment load, made routinely from...

Curran, Christopher A.; Grossman, Eric E.; Mastin, Mark C.; Huffman, Raegan L.
Curran, C.A., Grossman, E.E., Mastin, M.C., and Huffman, R.L., 2016, Sediment load and distribution in the lower Skagit River, Skagit County, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2016–5106, 24 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20165106.

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Year Published: 2016

Monitoring plant tissue nitrogen isotopes to assess nearshore inputs of nitrogen to Lake Crescent, Olympic National Park, Washington

Mats of filamentous-periphytic algae present in some nearshore areas of Lake Crescent, Olympic National Park, Washington, may indicate early stages of eutrophication from nutrient enrichment of an otherwise highly oligotrophic lake. Natural abundance ratios of stable isotopes of nitrogen (δ15N) measured in plant tissue growing in nearshore areas...

Cox, Stephen E.; Moran, Patrick W.; Huffman, Raegan L.; Fradkin, Steven C.
Cox, S.E., Moran, P.W., Huffman, R.L., and Fradkin, S.C., 2016, Monitoring plant tissue nitrogen isotopes to assess nearshore inputs of nitrogen to Lake Crescent, Olympic National Park, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2016–5054, 20 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20165054.

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Year Published: 2016

Suspended sediment delivery to Puget Sound from the lower Nisqually River, western Washington, July 2010–November 2011

On average, the Nisqually River delivers about 100,000 metric tons per year (t/yr) of suspended sediment to Puget Sound, western Washington, a small proportion of the estimated 1,200,000 metric tons (t) of sediment reported to flow in the upper Nisqually River that drains the glaciated, recurrently active Mount Rainier stratovolcano. Most of the...

Curran, Christopher A.; Grossman, Eric E.; Magirl, Christopher S.; Foreman, James R.
Curran, C.A., Grossman, E.E., Magirl, C.S., and Foreman, J.R., 2016, Suspended sediment delivery to Puget Sound from the lower Nisqually River, western Washington, July 2010–November 2011: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2016-5062, 17 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20165062.

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Year Published: 2016

Groundwater geochemical and selected volatile organic compound data, Operable Unit 1, Naval Undersea Warfare Center, Division Keyport, Washington, July 2015

Previous investigations indicate that concentrations of chlorinated volatile organic compounds (CVOCs) are substantial in groundwater beneath the 9-acre former landfill at Operable Unit 1, Naval Undersea Warfare Center, Division Keyport, Washington. The U.S. Geological Survey has continued to monitor groundwater geochemistry to ensure that...

Huffman, Raegan L.
Huffman, R.L., 2016, Groundwater geochemical and selected volatile organic compound data, Operable Unit 1, Naval Undersea Warfare Center, Division Keyport, Washington, July 2015: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 998, 55 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ds998.

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Year Published: 2016

Numerical simulation of the groundwater-flow system of the Kitsap Peninsula, west-central Washington

A groundwater-flow model was developed to improve understanding of water resources on the Kitsap Peninsula. The Kitsap Peninsula is in the Puget Sound lowland of west-central Washington, is bounded by Puget Sound on the east and by Hood Canal on the west, and covers an area of about 575 square miles. The peninsula encompasses all of Kitsap County...

Frans, Lonna M.; Olsen, Theresa D.
Frans, L.M. and Olsen, T.D., 2016, Numerical simulation of the groundwater-flow system of the Kitsap Peninsula, west-central Washington (ver. 1.1, October 2016): U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2016–5052, 63 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20165052.

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Year Published: 2016

Effect of a levee setback on aquatic resources using two-dimensional flow and bioenergetics models

Watershed restoration is the focus of many resource managers and can include a multitude of restoration actions each with specific restoration objectives. For the White River flowing through the cities of Pacific and Sumner, Washington, a levee setback has been proposed to reconnect the river with its historical floodplain to help reduce flood...

Black, Robert W.; Czuba, Christiana R.; Magirl, Christopher S.; McCarthy, Sarah; Berge, Hans; Comanor, Kyle
Black, R.W., Czuba, C.R., Magirl, C.S., McCarthy, Sarah, Berge, Hans, and Comanor, Kyle, 2016, Effect of a levee setback on aquatic resources using two-dimensional flow and bioenergetics models: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2016–5025, 26 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20165025.

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Year Published: 2016

Simulation of groundwater storage changes in the eastern Pasco Basin, Washington

The Miocene Columbia River Basalt Group and younger sedimentary deposits of lacustrine, fluvial, eolian, and cataclysmic-flood origins compose the aquifer system of the Pasco Basin in eastern Washington. Irrigation return flow and canal leakage from the Columbia Basin Project have caused groundwater levels to rise substantially in some areas,...

Heywood, Charles E.; Kahle, Sue C.; Olsen, Theresa D.; Patterson, James D.; Burns, Erick
Heywood, C.E., Kahle, S.C., Olsen, T.D., Patterson, J.D., and Burns, Erick, 2016, Simulation of groundwater storage changes in the eastern Pasco Basin, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2016–5026, 44 p., 1 pl., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20165026.

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Year Published: 2016

Design and testing of a process-based groundwater vulnerability assessment (P-GWAVA) system for predicting concentrations of agrichemicals in groundwater across the United States

Efforts to assess the likelihood of groundwater contamination from surface-derived compounds have spanned more than three decades. Relatively few of these assessments, however, have involved the use of process-based simulations of contaminant transport and fate in the subsurface, or compared the predictions from such models with measured data—...

Barbash, Jack E; Voss, Frank D.
Barbash, J.E., and Voss, F.D., 2016, Design and testing of a process-based groundwater vulnerability assessment (P-GWAVA) system for predicting concentrations of agrichemicals in groundwater across the United States: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2014–5189, 210 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20145189.

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Year Published: 2016

Water temperature profiles for reaches of the Raging River during summer baseflow, King County, western Washington, July 2015

Re-introducing wood into rivers where it was historically removed is one approach to improving habitat conditions in rivers of the Pacific Northwest. The Raging River drainage basin, which flows into the Snoqualmie River at Fall City, western Washington, was largely logged during the 20th century and wood was removed from its channel. To improve...

Gendaszek, Andrew S.; Opatz, Chad C.
Gendaszek, A.S., and Opatz, C.C., 2016, Water temperature profiles for reaches of the Raging River during summer baseflow, King County, western Washington, July 2015: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 983, 8 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ds983.