Wetland and Aquatic Research Center

Publications

Explore WARC's science publications.

Filter Total Items: 2,486
Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

Morphology and genetics of Lythrum salicaria from latitudinal gradients of the Northern Hemisphere grown in cold and hot common gardens

The aim of this project was to compare the phenotypic responses of global populations of Lythrum salicaria in cold/dry and hot/humid environments to determine if phenotypic plasticity varied between the native and invasive ranges, and secondarily if this variation was linked to genetic diversity. Common garden studies were conducted in...

Middleton, Beth A.; Travis, Steven E.; Kubátová, Barbora; Johnson, Darren; Edwards, Keith R.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

West Florida shelf pipeline serves as sea turtle benthic habitat based on in-situ towed camera observations

The use of marine offshore benthic habitats by sea turtles is poorly characterized due to the difficulty of obtaining in situ data. Understanding benthic habitat use that is important to the species’ reproduction, foraging, and migrations is critical for guiding management decisions. A towed camera-based assessment survey system (C-BASS) equipped...

Broadbent, Heather A.; Grasty, Sarah E.; Hardy, Robert F.; Lamont, Margaret M.; Hart, Kristen M.; Lembke, Chad; Brizzolara, Jennifer L.; Murawski, Steven A.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

Patterning emergent marsh vegetation assemblages in coastal Louisiana, USA, with unsupervised artificial neural networks

QuestionAre self‐organizing maps (SOMs) useful for patterning coastal wetland vegetation communities? Do SOMs provide robust alternatives to traditional classification methods, particularly when underlying species response functions are unknown or difficult to approximate, or when a need exists to continuously classify new samples obtained under...

Snedden, Gregg A.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

Satellite tracking of hawksbill turtles nesting at Buck Island Reef National Monument, US Virgin Islands: Inter-nesting and foraging period movements and migrations

To conserve imperiled marine species, an understanding of high-density use zones is necessary prior to designing and evaluating management strategies that improve their survival. We satellite-tracked turtles captured after nesting at Buck Island ReefNational Monument (BIRNM), St. Croix, US...

Hart, Kristen M.; Iverson, Autumn; Benscoter, Allison; Fujisaki, Ikuko; Cherkiss, Michael S.; Pollock, Clayton; Lundgren, Ian; Hillis-Starr, Zandy

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

The shifting saltmarsh-mangrove ecotone in Australasia and the Americas

Mangroves and saltmarshes coexist in the intertidal wetlands of many temperate and subtropical coastlines. In these settings, mangroves may be close to physiological limits of tolerance in relation to a range of environmental variables, including temperature, salinity, aridity, and inundation frequency. Changes in the distribution of mangrove and...

Saintilan, Neil; Rogers, Kerrylee; McKee, Karen L.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

Energetic constraints and the paradox of a diffusing population in a heterogeneous environment

Previous mathematical analyses have shown that, for certain parameter ranges, a population, described by logistic equations on a set of connected patches, and diffusing among them, can reach a higher equilibrium total population when the local carrying capacities are heterogeneously distributed across patches, than when carrying capacities having...

Wang, Yuanshi; DeAngelis, Donald L.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

Optimal spatial allocation of control effort to manage invasives in the face of imperfect detection and misclassification

Imperfect detection and misclassification errors are often ignored in the context of invasive species management. Here we present an approach that combines spatially explicit models and an optimization technique to design optimal search and destroy strategies based on noisy monitoring observations. We focus on two invasive plants, melaleuca (...

Bonneau, Mathieu; Martin, Julien; Peyrard, Nathalie; Rodgers, LeRoy; Romagosa, Christina M.; Johnson, Fred

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

Evaluating potential distribution of high-risk aquatic invasive species in the water garden and aquarium trade at a global scale based on current established populations

Aquatic non‐native invasive species are commonly traded in the worldwide water garden and aquarium markets, and some of these species pose major threats to the economy, the environment, and human health. Understanding the potential suitable habitat for these species at a global scale and at regional scales can inform risk assessments and predict...

West, Amanda M.; Jarnevich, Catherine S.; Fuller, Pam; Young, Nicholas E.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

Stable isotope analysis enhances our understanding of diamondback terrapin Malaclemys terrapin foraging ecology

Dietary studies on generalist predators may provide valuable information on spatial or temporal changes in the structure of ecological communities. We initiated this study to provide baseline data and determine the utility of stable isotope analysis (SIA) to evaluate the foraging strategies of an opportunistic reptilian predator, the diamondback...

Denton, Mathew J.; Demopoulos, Amanda W.J.; Baldwin, John D.; Smith, Brian; Hart, Kristen M.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

Carbon storage potential in a recently created brackish marsh in eastern North Carolina, USA

Carbon (C) sequestration through accumulated plant biomass and storage in soils can potentially make wetland ecosystems net C sinks. Here, we collected GHG flux, plant biomass, and litter decomposition data from three distinct vegetation zones (Spartinaalterniflora, Juncus roemerianus and Spartina patens) on a 7-...

Shiau, Yo-Jin; Burchell, Michael R.; Krauss, Ken W.; Broome, Stephen W.; Birgand, Francois

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

Global dynamics of a mutualism–competition model with one resource and multiple consumers

Recent simulation modeling has shown that species can coevolve toward clusters of coexisting consumers exploiting the same limiting resource or resources, with nearly identical ratios of coefficients related to growth and mortality. This paper provides a mathematical basis for such as situation; a full analysis of the global dynamics of a new...

Wang, Yuanshi; Wu, Hong; DeAngelis, Donald L.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

Characterizing residence patterns of North Atlantic right whales in the southeastern U.S. with a multistate open robust design model

Effective conservation of endangered North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis) requires information about their spatio-temporal distribution. Understanding temporal distribution is particularly important, because a portion of the population migrates between high latitude summer feeding grounds off the northeastern U.S. and Canadian...

Krystan, A.M.; Gowan, T.A.; Kendall, William L.; Martin, Julien; Ortega-Ortiz, J.G.; Jackson, K.B.; Knowlton, A.R.; Naessig, P.; Zani, M.; Schulte, D.W.; Taylor, C.R.