Wisconsin Water Science Center

Publications

This list of Wisconsin Water Science Center publications spans from 1953 to present. It includes both official USGS publications and journal articles authored by our scientists.

Filter Total Items: 744
Year Published: 2016

Urban infrastructure and water management—Science capabilities of the U.S. Geological Survey

Managing the urban-water cycle has increasingly become a challenge for water-resources planners and regulators faced with the problem of providing clean drinking water to urban residents. Sanitary and combined sanitary and storm sewer networks convey wastewater to centralized treatment plants. Impervious surfaces, which include roads, parking lots...

Fisher, Shawn C.; Fanelli, Rosemary M.; Selbig, William R.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2016, Urban infrastructure and water management—Science capabilities of the U.S. Geological Survey: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2016–3025, 2 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/fs20163025.

Year Published: 2016

Effect of variable annual precipitation and nutrient input on nitrogen and phosphorus transport from two Midwestern agricultural watersheds

Precipitation patterns and nutrient inputs affect transport of nitrate (NO3-N) and phosphorus (TP) from Midwest watersheds. Nutrient concentrations and yields from two subsurface-drained watersheds, the Little Cobb River (LCR) in southern Minnesota and the South Fork Iowa River (SFIR) in northern Iowa, were evaluated during 1996–2007 to...

Kalkhoff, Stephen J.; Hubbard, Laura E.; Tomer, Mark D.; James, D.E.
S.J.Kalkhoff, L.E. Hubbard, M.D. Tomer , and D.E. James, 2016, Effect of variable annual precipitation and nutrient input on nitrogen and phosphorus transport from two Midwestern agricultural watersheds: Science of the Total Environment, vol. 559, pp. 53-62

Year Published: 2016

Informing Lake Erie agriculture nutrient management via scenario evaluation

Harmful algal blooms (HABs) have been increasing in extent and intensity in the western basin of Lake Erie. The cyanobacteria Microcystis produces toxins that pose serious threats to animal and human health, resulting in beach closures and impaired water supplies, and have even forced a “do not drink” advisory for the City of Toledo...

Scavia, Donald; Kalcic, Margaret; Muenich, Rebecca Logsdon; Aloysius, Noel; Arnold, Jeffrey; Boles, Chelsie; Confesor, Remegio; DePinto, Joseph; Gildow, Marie; Martin, Jay; Read, Jennifer; Redder, Todd; Robertson, Dale M.; Sowa, Scott P.; Wang, Yu-Chen; White, Michael; Yen, Haw
Scavia, D., Kalcic, M., Muenich, R.L., Aloysius, N., Arnold, J., Boles, C., Confesor, R., DePinto, J., Gildow, M.., Martin, J., Read, J., Redder, T., Robertson, D., Sowa., S., Wang, Y., White, M., and Yen, W., 2016. Informing Lake Erie agriculture nutrient management via scenario development. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI. http://tinyurl.com/je56uel.

Year Published: 2016

Airborne pathogens from dairy manure aerial irrigation and the human health risk

Dairy manure, like the fecal excrement from any domesticated or wild animal, can contain pathogens capable of infecting humans and causing illness or even death. Pathogens in dairy manure can be broadly divided into categories of taxonomy or infectiousness. Dividing by taxonomy there are three pathogen groups in dairy manure: viruses (e.g., bovine...

Borchardt, Mark A.; Burch, Tucker R
Borchardt, M.A. and T.R. Burch. 2016; Airborne pathogens from dairy manure aerial irrigation and the human health risk; Appendix C in Genskow, K.D. and R.A. Larson (eds.). 2016. Considerations For the Use of Manure Irrigation Practices: Report from the Wisconsin Manure Irrigation Workgroup. University of Wisconsin Extension and UW-Madison College of Agricultural and Life Sciences, Environmental Resources Center. Publication Number: ERC 001-16

Year Published: 2016

Evaluating the sources of water to wells: Three techniques for metamodeling of a groundwater flow model

For decision support, the insights and predictive power of numerical process models can be hampered by insufficient expertise and computational resources required to evaluate system response to new stresses. An alternative is to emulate the process model with a statistical “metamodel.” Built on a dataset of collocated numerical model...

Fienen, Michael N.; Nolan, Bernard T.; Feinstein, Daniel T.
Fienen, M.N. , Nolan, B.T., and Feinstein, D.T., 2016, Evaluating the sources of water to wells: three techniques for metamodeling of a groundwater flow model. Environmental Modelling and Software, 77, p. 95-107 doi: 10.1016/j.envsoft.2015.11.023

Year Published: 2016

Organic contaminants in Great Lakes tributaries: Prevalence and potential aquatic toxicity

Organic compounds used in agriculture, industry, and households make their way into surface waters through runoff, leaking septic-conveyance systems, regulated and unregulated discharges, and combined sewer overflows, among other sources. Concentrations of these organic waste compounds (OWCs) in some Great Lakes tributaries indicate a high...

Baldwin, Austin K.; Corsi, Steven R.; De Cicco, Laura A.; Lenaker, Peter L.; Lutz, Michelle A; Sullivan, Daniel J.; Richards, Kevin D.

Year Published: 2016

Interannual and long-term changes in the trophic state of a multibasin lake: Effects of morphology, climate, winter aeration, and beaver activity

Little St. Germain Lake (LSG), a relatively pristine multibasin lake in Wisconsin, USA, was examined to determine how morphologic (internal), climatic (external), anthropogenic (winter aeration), and natural (beaver activity) factors affect the trophic state (phosphorus, P; chlorophyll, CHL; and Secchi depth, SD) of each of its basins. Basins...

Robertson, Dale M.; Rose, William; Reneau, Paul C.

Year Published: 2016

Identifying and preserving high-water mark data

High-water marks provide valuable data for understanding recent and historical flood events. The proper collection and recording of high-water mark data from perishable and preserved evidence informs flood assessments, research, and water resource management. Given the high cost of flooding in developed areas, experienced hydrographers, using the...

Koenig, Todd A.; Bruce, Jennifer L.; O'Connor, Jim; McGee, Benton D.; Holmes, Robert R.; Hollins, Ryan; Forbes, Brandon T.; Kohn, Michael S.; Schellekens, Mathew; Martin, Zachary W.; Peppler, Marie C.
Koenig, T.A., Bruce, J.L., O’Connor, J.E., McGee, B.D., Holmes, R.R., Jr., Hollins, Ryan, Forbes, B.T., Kohn, M.S., Schellekens, M.F., Martin, Z.W., and Peppler, M.C., 2016, Identifying and preserving high-water mark data: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods, book 3, chap. A24, 47 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/tm3A24.

Year Published: 2016

Comparative evaluation of statistical and mechanistic models of Escherichia coli at beaches in southern Lake Michigan

Statistical and mechanistic models are popular tools for predicting the levels of indicator bacteria at recreational beaches. Researchers tend to use one class of model or the other, and it is difficult to generalize statements about their relative performance due to differences in how the models are developed, tested, and used. We describe a...

Safaie, Ammar; Wendzel, Aaron; Ge, Zhongfu; Nevers, Meredith; Whitman, Richard L.; Corsi, Steven R.; Phanikumar, Mantha S.
Safaie, A., A. Wendzel, Z. Ge, M.B. Nevers, R.L. Whitman, S.R. Corsi, and M.S. Phanikumar, Comparative Evaluation of Statistical and Mechanistic Models of Escherichia coli at Beaches in Southern Lake Michigan, Environ. Sci. Technol., 50(5), pp. 2442–2449, DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.5b05378 (2016)

Year Published: 2016

Determining the 95% limit of detection for waterborne pathogen analyses from primary concentration to qPCR

The limit of detection (LOD) for qPCR-based analyses is not consistently defined or determined in studies on waterborne pathogens. Moreover, the LODs reported often reflect the qPCR assay alone rather than the entire sample process. Our objective was to develop an approach to determine the 95% LOD (lowest concentration at which 95% of positive...

Stokdyk, Joel P.; Firnstahl, Aaron; Spencer, Susan K.; Burch, Tucker R; Borchardt, Mark A.
Stokdyk J, Firnstahl AD, Spencer SK, Burch TR, and Borchardt MA. 2016. Determining the 95% limit of detection for waterborne pathogen analyses from primary concentration to qPCR. Water Research 96:105-113.

Year Published: 2016

Changes in streamflow characteristics in Wisconsin as related to precipitation and land use

Streamflow characteristics were determined for 15 longterm streamflow-gaging stations for the periods 1915–2008, 1915–68, and 1969–2008 to identify trends. Stations selected represent flow characteristics for the major river basins in Wisconsin. Trends were statistically significant at the 95 percent confidence level at 13 of the...

Gebert, Warren A.; Garn, Herbert S.; Rose, William J.
Gebert, W.A., Garn, H.S., and Rose, W.J., 2016, Changes in streamflow characteristics in Wisconsin as related to precipitation and land use: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2015–5140, 23 p., and 1 appendix, http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20155140.

Year Published: 2016

The effect of particle size distribution on the design of urban stormwater control measures

An urban pollutant loading model was used to demonstrate how incorrect assumptions on the particle size distribution (PSD) in urban runoff can alter the design characteristics of stormwater control measures (SCMs) used to remove solids in stormwater. Field-measured PSD, although highly variable, is generally coarser than the widely-accepted PSD...

Selbig, William R.; Fienen, Michael N.; Horwatich, Judy A.; Bannerman, Roger T.
Selbig, W.R.; Fienen, M.N.; Horwatich, J.A.; Bannerman, R.T. The Effect of Particle Size Distribution on the Design of Urban Stormwater Control Measures. Water 2016, 8, 17.