Land Change Science Program

Publications

Listed here are the most recent publications, reports and articles by the Land Change Science program.

Filter Total Items: 585
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Year Published: 2020

Impacts of Hurricane Irma on Florida Bay Islands, Everglades National Park, U.S.A.

Hurricane Irma made landfall in south Florida, USA, on September 10, 2017 as a category 4 storm. In January 2018, fieldwork was conducted on four previously (2014) sampled islands in Florida Bay, Everglades National Park to examine changes between 2014 and 2018. The objectives were to determine if the net impact of the storm was gain or loss of...

Wingard, G. Lynn; Bergstresser, Sarah E.; Stackhouse, Bethany; Jones, Miriam; Marot, Marci E.; Hoefke, Kristen; Daniels, Andre; Keller, Katherine

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Year Published: 2020

The long-term effects of Hurricanes Wilma and Irma on soil elevation change in Everglades mangrove forests

Mangrove forests in the Florida Everglades (USA) are frequently affected by hurricanes that produce high-velocity winds, storm surge, and extreme rainfall, but also provide sediment subsidies that help mangroves adjust to sea-level rise. The long-term influence of hurricane sediment inputs on soil elevation dynamics in mangrove forests are not...

Feher, Laura; Osland, Michael; Anderson, Gordon; Vervaeke, William; Krauss, Ken; Whelan, Kevin R. T.; Balentine, Karen M.; Tiling-Range, Ginger; Smith, Thomas J.; Cahoon, Donald

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Year Published: 2020

Quantifying hydrologic controls on local- and landscape-scale indicators of coastal wetland loss

Background and AimsCoastal wetlands have evolved to withstand stressful abiotic conditions through the maintenance of hydrologic feedbacks among vegetation production and flooding. However, disruption of these feedbacks can lead to ecosystem collapse, or a regime shift from vegetated wetland to open water. To prevent the loss of critical coastal...

Stagg, Camille; Osland, Michael; Moon, Jena A.; Hall, Courtney; Feher, Laura; Jones, William R.; Couvillion, Brady; Hartley, Stephen B.; Vervaeke, William

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Year Published: 2020

Winter climate change and the poleward range expansion of a tropical invasive tree (Brazilian pepper ‐ Shinus terebinthifolius)

Winter climate change is expected to lead to the tropicalization of temperate ecosystems, where tropical species expand poleward in response to a decrease in the intensity and duration of winter temperature extremes (i.e., freeze events). In the southeastern United States, freezing temperatures control the northern range limits of many invasive...

Osland, Michael; Feher, Laura

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Year Published: 2020

Effects of climate-related variability in storage on streamwater solute concentrations and fluxes in a small forested watershed in the Southeastern United States

Streamwater quality can be affected by climate-related variability in hydrologic state, which controls flow paths and affects biogeochemical processes. Thirty-one years of input/output solute fluxes at Panola Mountain Research Watershed, a small, forested, seasonally water-limited watershed near Atlanta, Georgia, were used to quantify the effects...

Aulenbach, Brent T.

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Year Published: 2019

Scientist’s guide to developing explanatory statistical models using causal analysis principles

Recent discussions of model selection and multimodel inference highlight a general challenge for researchers, which is how to clearly convey the explanatory content of a hypothesized model or set of competing models. The advice from statisticians for scientists employing multimodel inference is to develop a well‐thought‐out set of candidate models...

Grace, James B.; Irvine, Kathryn

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Year Published: 2019

Whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis) growth and defense in response to mountain pine beetle outbreaks

Whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis) is a critical forest species of Northern Rocky Mountain upper subalpine ecosystems, yet little is known about the physiological response of whitebark pine to disturbance (e.g. fire, bark beetles, and pathogens) across a range of diverse environmental gradients. Resin–based defenses have long been recognized as the...

Kichas, Nickolas E.; Hood, Sharon M.; Pederson, Gregory T.; Everett, Richard G.; McWethy, David B.

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Year Published: 2019

Glacier retreat in Glacier National Park, Montana

Currently, the volume of land ice on Earth is decreasing, driving consequential changes to global sea level and local stream habitat. Glacier retreat in Glacier National Park, Montana, U.S.A., is one example of land ice loss and glacier change. The U.S. Geological Survey Benchmark Glacier Project conducts glaciological research and collects field...

Florentine, Caitlyn
Florentine, C., 2019, Glacier retreat in Glacier National Park, Montana (ver. 1.1, December 2019): U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2019–3068, 2 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20193068.

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Year Published: 2019

Synergistic interaction of climate and land-use drivers alter the function of North American, Prairie-pothole Wetlands

Prairie-pothole wetlands provide the critical habitat necessary for supporting North American migratory waterfowl populations. However, climate and land-use change threaten the sustainability of these wetland ecosystems. Very few experiments and analyses have been designed to investigate the relative impacts of climate and land-use change drivers...

McKenna, Owen P.; Kucia, Samuel Richard; Mushet, David M.; Anteau, Michael J.; Wiltermuth, Mark

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Year Published: 2019

Dissolved organic matter in the deep TALDICE ice core: A nano-UPLC-nano-ESI-HRMS method

Trace organic compounds in deep ice cores supply important paleoclimatic information. Untargeted analyses of dissolved organic matter provide an overview of molecular species in ice samples however, sample volumes usually required for these analyses are generally not available from deep ice cores. Here, we developed an analytical method using a...

Zangrando, Roberta; Zanella, Veronica; Karroca, Ornela; Barbaro, Elena; Kehrwald, Natalie; Battistel, Dario; Gambaro, Andrea; Barbante, Carlo

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Year Published: 2019

The potential resiliency of a created tidal marsh to sea-level rise

The purpose of this study was to determine the elevation dynamics of a created tidal marsh on the North Carolina coast. Deep rod surface elevation tables (RSET) and feldspar marker horizons (MH) were installed in plots to measure net surface elevation changes and to quantify contributing processes. Twelve total plots were placed on four elevation...

Kamrath, Brock J. W.; Burchell, Michael R.; Cormier, Nicole; Krauss, Ken W.; Johnson, Darren

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Year Published: 2019

Landsat time series assessment of invasive annual grasses following energy development

Invasive annual grasses are of concern in many areas of the Western United States because they tolerate resource variability and have high reproductive capacity, with propagules that are readily dispersed in disturbed areas like those created and maintained for energy development. Early-season invasive grasses “green up” earlier than the most...

Villarreal, Miguel L.; Soulard, Christopher E.; Eric Waller
Villarreal, M.L., Soulard, C.E. and E.K. Waller. 2019. Landsat time series assessment of invasive annual grasses following energy development. Remote Sensing 11(21), 2553. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs11212553