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A comprehensive list of non-native species established in three major regions of the United States: Version 3.0

October 11, 2019

Invasive species are a subset of non-native (or nonindigenous) species, and knowing what species are non-native to a region is a first step to managing invasive species. This is an update to the dataset "First comprehensive list of non-native species established in three major regions of the United States" supporting a USGS Open File Report by the same name published on 2018-10-17. Version 2.0 of the non-native species list, as of 2019-09-09, contains 12,986 records and 11,174 unique names: 563 taxa for Alaska, 5,870 taxa for Hawaii, and 6,553 taxa for the conterminous United States. It is taxonomically refined, has tighter control of establishment status, and now includes approximate dates of introduction for 20% of its records. The list draws from 1,276 authoritative sources, was reviewed by or received input from 19 invasive species scientists, and continues to be updated with version 3.0 anticipated (but not guaranteed) in approximately 6 months. The list has been used to annotate non-native species occurrence records in the U.S. Geological Survey all-species mapping application, Biodiversity Information Serving Our Nation (BISON, For access to the deprecated Version 1.0 documents, see in the attached file section below. A grateful acknowledgement to the following reviewers/contributors (and apologies to anyone we have inadvertently left out): Robert J. Blakemore, Kanagawa Prefectural Museum of Natural History; Gerald (Gerry) Carr, Emeritus Professor of Botany, University of Hawaii; Robert L. Carr, Emeritus Professor of Biology, Eastern Washington University; Jennifer Dean, New York Department of Environmental Conservation; Jonah Evans, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department; Justin Fulkerson, University of Alaska; Pam Fuller, USGS Emeritus, Wetlands and Aquatic Research Center; Alex Lau, SWCA Environmental Consultants; Andrew Liebhold, U.S. Forest Service; Mikey Lutmerding, U.S. Geological Survey; Joe MacGown, Mississippi State University; Walter E. Meshaka, Jr., State Museum of Pennsylvania; Gad Perry, Texas Tech University; Bruce Peterjohn, USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center; John Warren Reynolds, Oligochaetology Laboratory, Kitchener, Ontario; Noa Shenkar, Zoology Department, Tel-Aviv University; Billie J. Swalla, University of Washington Friday Harbor Labs. First posted: October 17, 2018 Revised: September 12, 2019

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