Climate Research and Development Program

Publications

Listed here are the most recent publications, reports and articles by the Climate R&D program.

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Filter Total Items: 674
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Year Published: 2019

Lake Andrei: A pliocene pluvial lake in Eureka Valley, Eastern California

We used geologic mapping, tephrochronology and 40Ar/39Ar dating to describe evidence of a ca. 3.5 Ma pluvial lake in Eureka Valley, eastern California, that we informally name herein Lake Andrei. We identified six different tuffs in the Eureka Valley drainage basin including two previously undescribed tuffs: the 3.509 ± 0.009 Ma tuff of Hanging...

Jeffrey R. Knott; Wan, Elmira; Alan L. Deino; Mitch Casteel; Reheis, Marith C.; Fred Phillips; Walkup, Laura; Kyle McCarty; David N. Manoukian; Ernest Nuñez

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Year Published: 2019

Evaluating k-nearest neighbor (kNN) imputation models for species-level aboveground forest biomass mapping in northeast China

Quantifying spatially explicit or pixel-level aboveground forest biomass (AFB) across large regions is critical for measuring forest carbon sequestration capacity, assessing forest carbon balance, and revealing changes in the structure and function of forest ecosystems. When AFB is measured at the species level using widely available remote...

Fu, Yuanyuan; He, Hong S; Hawbaker, Todd J.; Henne, Paul D.; Zhu, Zhiliang; Larsen, David R.

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Year Published: 2019

The state of the world’s mangrove forests: Past, present, and future

Intertidal mangrove forests are a dynamic ecosystem experiencing rapid changes in extent and habitat quality over geological history, today and into the future. Climate and sea level have drastically altered mangrove distribution since their appearance in the geological record ∼75 million years ago (Mya), through to the Holocene. In contrast,...

Friess, Daniel A.; Rogers, Kerrylee; Lovelock, Catherine E.; Krauss, Ken; Hamilton, Stuart E.; Lee, Shing Yip; Lucas, Richard; Primavera, Jurgenne; Rajkaran, Anusha; Shi, Suhua

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Year Published: 2019

Paleoclimate of the subtropical Andes during the latest Miocene, Lauca Basin, Chile

Uplift of the Andean Cordillera during the Miocene and Pliocene produced large-scale changes in regional atmospheric circulation that impacted local ecosystems. The Lauca Basin (northern Chilean Altiplano) contains variably fluvial and lacustrine sedimentary sequences spanning the interval from 8.7 to 2.3 Ma. Field samples were collected from...

Feitl, Melina; Kern, Andrea; Jones, Amanda; Fritz, Sherilyn; Baker, Paul E.; Joeckel . R.M.; Salenbien, Wout; Willard, Debra A.

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Year Published: 2019

Radiocarbon and geologic evidence reveal Ilopango volcano as source of the colossal 'mystery' eruption of 539/40 CE

Ilopango volcano (El Salvador) erupted violently during the Maya Classic Period (250–900 CE) in a densely-populated and intensively-cultivated region of the southern Maya realm, causing regional abandonment of an area covering more than 20,000 km2. However, neither the regional nor global impacts of the Tierra Blanca Joven (TBJ) eruption in...

Dull, Robert A.; Southon, John R.; Kutterolf, Steffen; Anchukaitis, Kevin J.; Freundt, Armin; Wahl, David; Sheets, Payson; Amaroli, Paul; Hernandez, Walter; Weimann, Micheal C.; Oppenheimer, Clive

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Year Published: 2019

Patterns of resource allocation in a coastal marsh plant (Schoenoplectus americanus) along a sediment-addition gradient

Reductions in sediment delivery to coastal marshes increase their vulnerability to relative sea-level rise. Sediment pulses from storm events and commercial dredge-spray operations (e.g., beneficial use) represent increasingly important sediment sources to otherwise sediment-deprived marshes. These sediments can stimulate plant growth by providing...

Temple, Nigel A.; Grace, James B.; Cherry, Julia A

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Year Published: 2019

Mid-piacenzian of the north Atlantic Ocean

The Piacenzian Age (Pliocene) represents a past climate interval within which frequency and magnitude of environmental changes during a period of past global warmth can be analyzed, climate models can be tested, and results can be placed in a context to better prepare for future change. Here we focus on the North Atlantic region, incorporating new...

Dowsett, Harry J.; Robinson, Marci M.; Foley, Kevin M.; Herbert, Timothy D.; Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Spivey, Whittney

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Year Published: 2019

Canals, backfilling and wetland loss in the Mississippi Delta

Canals and spoil banks have contributed significantly to high rates of wetland loss in the Mississippi delta. There has been relatively little research on management of canals and spoil banks and this needs to be a significant component of restoration of the delta. We analyze research on the role of backfilling canals in the context of delta...

Day, John W.; Shaffer, Gary P.; Cahoon, Donald; DeLaune, Ronald D.

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Year Published: 2019

Streamflow reconstruction in the Upper Missouri River Basin using a novel Bayesian network model

A Bayesian model that uses the spatial dependence induced by the river network topology, and the leading principal components of regional tree-ring chronologies for paleo-streamflow reconstruction is presented. In any river basin, a convergent, dendritic network of tributaries comes together to form the main stem of a river. Consequently, it is...

Ravindranath, Arun; Devineni, Naresh; Lall, Upmanu; Cook, Edward; Pederson, Gregory T.; Martin, Justin; Woodhouse, Connie A.

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Year Published: 2019

Earlier plant growth helps compensate for reduced carbon fixation after 13 years of warming

1. Drylands play a dominant role in global carbon cycling and are particularly vulnerable to increasing temperatures, but our understanding of how dryland ecosystems will respond to climatic change remains notably poor. Considering that the area of drylands is projected to increase 11–23% by 2100, understanding the impacts of warming on the...

Winkler, Daniel E.; Grossiord, Charlotte; Belnap, Jayne; Howell, Armin J.; Ferrenberg, Scott; Smith, Hilda J.; Reed, Sasha C.

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Year Published: 2019

Genetic variation in tree leaf chemistry predicts the abundance and activity of autotrophic soil microorganisms

Genetic variation in the chemistry of plant leaves can have ecosystem-level consequences. Here we address the hypothesis that genetic variation in foliar condensed tannins along a Populus hybridization gradient influence soil ammonia oxidizers, autotrophic microorganisms that perform the first step of nitrification and are not dependent on carbon...

Selmants, Paul; Schweitzer, Jennifer A.; Adair, Karen L.; Holeski, Liza M.; Lindroth, Richard L; Hart, Stephen C.; Whitham, Thomas G.

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Year Published: 2019

Paleoenvironmental, epigraphic, and archaeological evidence of total warfare among the Classic Maya

Despite over a century of archaeological research, the nature and broader consequences of Classic Maya warfare remain poorly understood. Based on frequent epigraphic references and iconographic themes, Classic period (250-950 CE) Maya warfare has largely been viewed as ritualized and limited in scope. Evidence of warfare in the Terminal Classic...

Wahl, David; Anderson, Lysanna; Estrada-Belli, Francisco; Tokovinine, Alexandre