Climate Research and Development Program

Publications

Listed here are the most recent publications, reports and articles by the Climate R&D program.

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Filter Total Items: 777
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Year Published: 2020

Vegetation affects timing and location of wetland methane emissions

Common assumptions about how vegetation affects wetland methane (CH) flux include acting as conduits for CH release, providing carbon substrates for growth and activity of methanogenic organisms, and supplying oxygen to support CH oxidation. However, these effects may change through time, especially in seasonal wetlands that experience drying and...

Bansal, Sheel; Johnson, Olivia; Meier, Jacob; Xiaoyan, Zhu

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Year Published: 2020

Parsing complex terrain controls on mountain glacier response to climate forcing

Glaciers are a key indicator of changing climate in the high mountain landscape. Glacier variations across a mountain range are ultimately driven by regional climate forcing. However, changes also reflect local, topographically driven processes such as snow avalanching, snow wind-drifting, and radiation shading as well as the initial glacier...

Florentine, Caitlyn Elizabeth; Harper, Joel T.; Fagre, Daniel B.

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Year Published: 2020

A critical assessment of human-impact indices based on anthropogenic pollen indicators

Anthropogenic pollen indicators in pollen records are an established tool for reconstructing the history of human impacts on vegetation and landscapes. They are also used to disentangle the influence of human activities and climatic variability on ecosystems. The comprehensive anthropogenic pollen-indicator approach developed by Behre (1981) has...

Deza-Araujo, Mara; Morales-Molino, César; Tinner, Willy; Henne, Paul D.; Heitz, Caroline; Pezzatti, Gianni B; Hafner, Albert; Conedera, Marco

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Year Published: 2020

Atmospheric dust deposition varies by season and elevation in the Colorado Front Range, USA

As atmospheric dust deposition continues to increase across the southwestern United States, it has the potential to alter ecosystem productivity and structure by delivering nutrients, base cations, and pollutants to remote mountain sites. Due to the sparse distribution of dust monitoring sites, open questions remain about the spatial and temporal...

Heindel, Ruth C.; Putman, Annie Laura; Murphy, Sheila F.; Repert, Deborah A.; Hinckley, Eve-Lyn S.

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Year Published: 2020

Evaluating indicators of marsh vulnerability to sea level rise along a historical marsh loss gradient

Sea level rise (SLR) is threatening coastal marshes, leading to large‐scale marsh loss in several micro‐tidal systems. Early recognition of marsh vulnerability to SLR is critical in these systems to aid managers to take appropriate restoration or mitigation measures. However, it is not clear if current marsh vulnerability indicators correctly...

Schepers, Lennert; Kirwan, Matthew; Guntenspergen, Glenn R.; Temmerman, Stijn

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Year Published: 2020

Explaining mass balance and retreat dichotomies at Taku and Lemon Creek Glaciers, Alaska

We reanalyzed mass balance records at Taku and Lemon Creek Glaciers to better understand the relative roles of hypsometry, local climate and dynamics as mass balance drivers. Over the 1946–2018 period, the cumulative mass balances diverged. Tidewater Taku Glacier advanced and gained mass at an average rate of +0.25±0.28 m w.e. a–1, contrasting...

McNeil, Christopher J.; O'Neel, Shad; Loso, Michael ; Pelto, Mauri ; Sass, Louis C.; Baker, Emily; Campbell, Seth

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Year Published: 2020

Climate and local environment structure asynchrony and the stability of primary production in grasslands

Aim Climate variability threatens to destabilize production in many ecosystems. Asynchronous species dynamics may buffer against such variability when a decrease in performance by some species is offset by an increase in performance of others. However, high climatic variability can eliminate species through stochastic extinctions or cause similar...

Gilbert, B.; MacDougall, A.S.; Kadoya, T.; Akasaka, M.; Bennett, J. R.; Lind, E.M.; Flores-Moreno, H.; Firn, J.; Hautier, Y.; Borer, E.T.; Seabloom, E.W.; Adler, P.B.; Cleland, E.E.; Grace, James; Harpole, W.S.; Esch, E.H.; Moore, J.L.; Knops, J.; McCulley, R.; Mortensen, B.; Bakker, J.; Fay, P.A.

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Year Published: 2020

Climatically driven displacement on the Eglington fault, Las Vegas, Nevada

The Eglington fault is one of several intrabasinal faults in the Las Vegas Valley, Nevada and is the only one recognized as a source for significant earthquakes. Its broad warp displaces late Pleistocene paleo-spring deposits of the Las Vegas Formation, which record hydrologic fluctuations that occurred in response to millennial and submillennial-...

Springer, Kathleen B.; Pigati, Jeffrey S.

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Year Published: 2020

Climate explorer: Improved access to local climate projections

The goal of the U.S. Climate Resilience Toolkit’s (CRT) Climate Explorer (CE) is to provide information at appropriate spatial and temporal scales to help practitioners gain insights into the risks posed by climate change. Ultimately, these insights can lead to groups of local stakeholders taking action to build their resilience to a changing...

Lipschultz, Fredric ; Herring, David ; Ray, Andrea J. ; Alder, Jay R.; Dahlman, LuAnn ; DeGaetano, Arthur ; Fox, James F. ; Gardiner, Edward ; Herring, Jamie; Hicks, Jeff ; Melton, Forrest; Morefield, Philip E. ; Sweet, William

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Year Published: 2020

Implementation of a surface water extent model in Cambodia using cloud-based remote sensing

Mapping surface water over time provides the spatially explicit information essential for hydroclimatic research focused on droughts and flooding. Hazard risk assessments and water management planning also rely on accurate, long-term measurements describing hydrologic fluctuations. Stream gages are a common measurement tool used to better...

Soulard, Christopher E.; Walker, Jessica J.; Petrakis, Roy E.

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Year Published: 2020

Quantifying interregional flows of multiple ecosystem services – A case study for Germany

Despite a growing number of national-scale ecosystem service (ES) assessments, few studies consider the impacts of ES use and consumption beyond national or regional boundaries. Interregional ES flows – ecosystem services “imported” from and “exported” to other countries – are rarely analyzed and their importance for global sustainability is...

Kleeman, Janina; Schröter, Matthias; Bagstad, Kenneth J.; Kuhlicke, Christian; Kastner, Thomas; Fridman, Dor; Schulp, Catharina J. E.; Wolff, Sarah; Martinez-Lopez, Javier; Koellner, Thomas; Arnhold, Sebastian; Martin-Lopez, Berta; Marques, Alexandra; Lopez-Hoffman, Laura; Liu, Jianguo; Kissinger, Meidad; Guerra, Carlos; Bonn, Aletta

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Year Published: 2020

Dynamics, variability, and change in seasonal precipitation reconstructions for North America

Cool and warm season precipitation totals have been reconstructed on a gridded basis for North America using 439 tree-ring chronologies correlated with December-April totals and 547 different chronologies correlated with May-July totals. These discrete seasonal predictor chronologies are not significantly correlated with the alternate season and...

Stahle, David W.; Cook, Edward R; Burnette, Dorian J; Torbenson, Max C.A.; Howard, Ian M; Griffin, Daniel; Villanueva Diaz, Jose; Cook, Benjamin I.; Williams, Park A.; Watson, Emma; Sauchyn, David J.; Pederson, Neil; Woodhouse, Connie A.; Pederson, Gregory T.; Meko, David M.; Coulthard, Bethany; Crawford, Christopher J.