Climate Research and Development Program

Publications

Listed here are the most recent publications, reports and articles by the Climate R&D program.

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Publications Search

Filter Total Items: 674
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Year Published: 2019

Phenology patterns indicate recovery trajectories of ponderosa pine forests after high-severity fires

Post-fire recovery trajectories in ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa Laws.) forests of the US Southwest are increasingly shifting away from pre-burn vegetation communities. This study investigated whether phenological metrics derived from a multi-decade remotely sensed imagery time-series could differentiate among grass, evergreen shrub, deciduous...

Walker, Jessica J.; Soulard, Christopher E.

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Year Published: 2019

Synergistic interaction of climate and land-use drivers alter the function of North American, Prairie-pothole Wetlands

Prairie-pothole wetlands provide the critical habitat necessary for supporting North American migratory waterfowl populations. However, climate and land-use change threaten the sustainability of these wetland ecosystems. Very few experiments and analyses have been designed to investigate the relative impacts of climate and land-use change drivers...

McKenna, Owen P.; Kucia, Samuel Richard; Mushet, David M.; Anteau, Michael J.; Wiltermuth, Mark

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Year Published: 2019

Dissolved organic matter in the deep TALDICE ice core: A nano-UPLC-nano-ESI-HRMS method

Trace organic compounds in deep ice cores supply important paleoclimatic information. Untargeted analyses of dissolved organic matter provide an overview of molecular species in ice samples however, sample volumes usually required for these analyses are generally not available from deep ice cores. Here, we developed an analytical method using a...

Zangrando, Roberta; Zanella, Veronica; Karroca, Ornela; Barbaro, Elena; Kehrwald, Natalie; Battistel, Dario; Gambaro, Andrea; Barbante, Carlo

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Year Published: 2019

Spatio-temporal variability of human-fire interactions on the Navajo Nation

Unraveling the effects of climate and land-use on historical fire regimes provides important insights into broader human-fire-climate dynamics, which are necessary for ecologically-based forest management. We developed a spatial human land-use model for Navajo Nation forests across which we sampled a network of tree-ring fire history sites to...

Guiterman, Christopher H.; Margolis, Ellis; Baisan, Christopher H.; Falk, Donald A.; Allen, Craig D.; Swetnam, Thomas W.

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Year Published: 2019

The potential resiliency of a created tidal marsh to sea-level rise

The purpose of this study was to determine the elevation dynamics of a created tidal marsh on the North Carolina coast. Deep rod surface elevation tables (RSET) and feldspar marker horizons (MH) were installed in plots to measure net surface elevation changes and to quantify contributing processes. Twelve total plots were placed on four elevation...

Kamrath, Brock J. W.; Burchell, Michael R.; Cormier, Nicole; Krauss, Ken W.; Johnson, Darren

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Year Published: 2019

Landsat time series assessment of invasive annual grasses following energy development

Invasive annual grasses are of concern in many areas of the Western United States because they tolerate resource variability and have high reproductive capacity, with propagules that are readily dispersed in disturbed areas like those created and maintained for energy development. Early-season invasive grasses “green up” earlier than the most...

Villarreal, Miguel L.; Soulard, Christopher E.; Eric Waller
Villarreal, M.L., Soulard, C.E. and E.K. Waller. 2019. Landsat time series assessment of invasive annual grasses following energy development. Remote Sensing 11(21), 2553. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs11212553

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Year Published: 2019

Study design and methods for a wetland condition assessment on U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service fee-title lands in the Prairie Pothole Region of North Dakota, South Dakota, and Montana, USA

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) manages wetlands and grasslands for wildlife habitat throughout the central North American Prairie Pothole Region (PPR). PPR wetlands, or potholes, are widely recognized as critical habitats for North American migratory waterfowl, waterbirds, and other wildlife. Potholes also provide other ecosystem...

Tangen, Brian; Bansal, Sheel; Fern, Rachel R.; DeKeyser, Edward S.; Hargiss, Christina L. M.; Mushet, David M.; Dixon, Cami S.
Tangen, B.A., Bansal, S., Fern, R.R., DeKeyser, E.S., Hargiss, C.L.M., Mushet, D.M., and Dixon, C.S., 2019, Study design and methods for a wetland condition assessment on U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service fee-title lands in the Prairie Pothole Region of North Dakota, South Dakota, and Montana, USA: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1118, 24 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191118.

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Year Published: 2019

1200 years of Upper Missouri River streamflow reconstructed from tree rings

Paleohydrologic records can provide unique, long-term perspectives on streamflow variability and hydroclimate for use in water resource planning. Such long-term records can also play a key role in placing both present day events and projected future conditions into a broader context than that offered by instrumental observations. However,...

Martin, Justin; Pederson, Gregory T.; Woodhouse, Connie A.; Cook, Edward R; McCabe, Gregory J.; Wise, Erika K.; Erger, Patrick; Dolan, Larry; McGuire, Marketa; Gangopadhyay, Subhrendu; Chase, Katherine J.; Littell, Jeremy S.; Gray, Stephen; St. George, Scott; Friedman, Jonathan M.; Sauchyn, David J.; St. Jacques, Jannine; King, John W.

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Year Published: 2019

Climatic controls on the distribution of foundation plant species in coastal wetlands of the conterminous United States: Knowledge gaps and emerging research needs

Foundation plant species play a critical role in coastal wetlands, often modifying abiotic conditions that are too stressful for most organisms and providing the primary habitat features that support entire ecological communities. Here, we consider the influence of climatic drivers on the distribution of foundation plant species within coastal...

Osland, Michael; Grace, James; Guntenspergen, Glenn; Thorne, Karen; Carr, Joel; Feher, Laura

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Year Published: 2019

Influence of multi-decadal land use, irrigation practices and climate on riparian corridors across the Upper Missouri River Headwaters Basin, Montana

The Upper Missouri River Headwaters Basin (36,400 km2) depends on its river corridors to support irrigated agriculture and world-class trout fisheries. We evaluated trends (1984-2016) in riparian wetness, an indicator of riparian condition, in peak irrigation months (June, July, August) for 158 km2 of riparian area across the basin using the...

Vanderhoof, Melanie K.; Christensen, J.R.; Alexander, Laurie C.

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Year Published: 2019

Challenges for monitoring the extent and land use/cover changes in monarch butterflies’ migratory habitat across the United States and Mexico

This paper presents a synopsis of the challenges and limitations presented by existing and emerging land use/ land cover (LULC) digital data sets when used to analyze the extent, habitat quality, and LULC changes of the monarch (Danaus plexippus) migratory habitat across the United States of America (US) and Mexico. First, the characteristics,...

Rafael Moreno-Sanchez; James Raines; Diffendorfer, James E.; Drummond, Mark A.; Jessica Manko

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Year Published: 2019

Review of indicators for comparing environmental effects across energy sources

Robust, quantitative comparisons of environmental effects across energy sources can support development of energy planning strategies that meet growing demand while managing and minimizing undesirable effects on environmental resources. Multicriteria analyses of energy systems often use a suite of indicators to make such comparisons, but those...

Dorning, Monica; Diffendorfer, James E.; Scott R Loss; Bagstad, Kenneth J.