Contaminant Biology

Data and Tools

The Environmental Health Program (Contaminant Biology and Toxic Substances Hydrology) generate  environmental contaminant and pathogen, toxicity, and effects data. All of which is provided to the public in our publications and data sets. 

Filter Total Items: 28
Date published: December 28, 2020

PCBs measured in three tributaries of the Niagara River Area of Concern (AOC), 2018-2019

Water-borne polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were sampled in three tributaries of the Niagara River Area of Concern (AOC) in 2018 and 2019 using semipermeable membrane devices (SPMDs). This data set is a compilation of data from two sampling efforts, focused on determining the presence and distribution of total and congener PCBs in these tributaries.

Date published: November 19, 2020

Mucket eDNA detection in Wallen’s Bend, Clinch River, Tennessee, September 2019

The data describe the technical performance of a designed qPCR assay for the detection of mucket (Actinonaias ligamentina) eDNA from field collected water samples. Parameters described include the sequences of the primers and probes used; the limit of detection and limit of quantification for the assay; a list of freshwater mussels species that were used to test specificity of the assay%3

Date published: October 26, 2020

Chemical and biological exposure bioassay data from sediment collected within the Grand Calumet River, Indiana, USA

The Grand Calumet River (GCR), located in northern Indiana, is contaminated due to a wide range of historical industrial activities. Short-term and long-term sediment exposure bioassays with the amphipod Hyalella azteca, the midge Chironomus dilutus, and the mussel Lampsilis siliquoidea were conducted with samples collected in 2013, 2015, and 2017, from up to 26 sites, includ

Date published: October 23, 2020

Burrowing behavior of freshwater mussels

Data include burrowing behavior of juvenile freshwater mussels (Lampsilis siliquoidea); Villosa constricta; Megalonaias nervosa; Villosa iris; Lampsilis powellii; and Anodonta oregonensis) in three types of sediment [a sand/silt/clay mixture (49% sand) with a total organic carbon (TOC) content of about 3% obtained from northeastern Minnesota, a predominantly fi

Date published: October 14, 2020

Legacy and emerging contaminants in the Chesapeake Bay watershed as measured using passive samplers – 2005 to 2013

Legacy and emerging contaminants were measured in streams and rivers in the District of Columbia and the states of Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia of the Chesapeake Bay watershed between 2005 and 2013. Passive sampling devices, SPMDs and POCIS, were used to sample these waterbodies, providing a time-integrated concentration of contaminants that are potentially bio

Date published: September 24, 2020

Effects of early life stage exposure of largemouth bass to atrazine or a model estrogen (17α-ethinylestradiol)

Largemouth base histological development and transcriptomic changes in gonad tissue after early life stage exposure to Atrazine (1-Chloro-3-ethylamino-5-isopropylamino-2,4,6-triazine) or the model estrogen 17α-ethinylestradiol.

Date published: August 24, 2020

Chemical and biological data from acute and chronic nickel and zinc exposure bioassays to two sensitive freshwater benthic invertebrates

The responses (survival, growth, and/or reproduction) of test organisms in six concentrations of toxicants in acute and chronic tests. Chemical and water quality parameters were measured for quality assurance and quality control purposes.

Date published: August 24, 2020

Chemical analyses and histopathology of organisms and plants collected from breccia pipe uranium mine sites in the Grand Canyon watershed, 2015-2020

These data are comprised of measurements of aluminum, iron, cobalt, nickel, copper, zinc, arsenic, selenium, molybdenum, silver, cadmium, thallium, lead, bismuth, thorium, uranium, and mercury in invertebrates, vegetation, and small rodents. Gross alpha activity, gross beta activity, and radionuclide activities (isotopic U, isotopic Th) are also pres

Date published: June 11, 2020

Growth of cultured Picocystis strain ML in the presence of arsenic, and occurrence of arsenolipids in these Picocystis as well as biota and sediment from Mono Lake, California

Mono Lake is a hypersaline soda lake rich in dissolved inorganic arsenic with its primary production currently dominated by Picocystis str. ML. We set out to determine if this picoplankter could metabolize inorganic arsenic, and in doing so form unusual arsenolipids (e.g., methylated arsinoyl ribosides) as reported in other saline ecosystems and by halophilic algae. We cu

Attribution: Contaminant Biology
Date published: May 29, 2020

Survival and growth of juvenile freshwater mussels in a flow-through auto-feeding system

Survival and growth of four species of juvenile mussels in a pulsed flow-through auto-feeding beaker system.

Date published: May 13, 2020

Data for the assessment of the containment pond at Canyon Mine, Arizona, 2019

These data are comprised of measurements of elements (e.g., uranium, cobalt, nickel, copper, zinc, cadmium, lead, etc.), major anions (chloride, nitrite+nitrate as nitrogen, sulfate, etc.), dissolved organic carbon, and general water quality characteristics in Canyon Mine containment pond water, sediment, vegetaiton and invertebrate samples collected in c

Date published: May 6, 2020

Chemical and biological data from acute and chronic exposure to sodium nitrate and sodium sulfate for several freshwater organisms in water-only bioassays

The responses (survival, growth, and/or reproduction) of test organisms in six concentrations of toxicants in several test waters with different water quality characteristics. In addition to the individual biological data, chemical, and water quality measurements from each toxicity test are also reported. Test organisms include unionid mussels (Lampsilis siliquoidea, Villosa