Contaminant Biology

Publications

Dive into our publications and explore the science from the Environmental Health Program (Toxic Substances Hydrology and Contaminant Biology).

GeoHEALTH-USGS Newsletter

GeoHEALTH-USGS Newsletter

The GeoHEALTH–USGS Newsletter—published since 2004—provides information on USGS science activities pertinent to safeguarding the health of fish, wildlife, domesticated animals, and people from environmental exposures to contaminants and pathogens.

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Featured Science Activities

Featured Science Activities

Learn about our Featured Science Activities through our pages that highlight recent studies, publications, and results.

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Filter Total Items: 438
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Year Published: 2018

Assessing intrinsic and specific vulnerability models ability to indicate groundwater vulnerability to groups of similar pesticides: A comparative study

With continued population growth and increasing use of fresh groundwater resources, protection of this valuable resource is critical. A cost effective means to assess risk of groundwater contamination potential will provide a useful tool to protect these resources. Integrating geospatial methods offers a means to quantify the risk of contaminant...

Douglas, Steven H.; Dixon, Barnali; Griffin, Dale W.
Douglas, S.H, Dixon, Barnali, and Griffin, Dale, 2018, Assessing intrinsic and specific vulnerability models ability to indicate groundwater vulnerability to groups of similar pesticides: a comparative study: Physical Geography, pp. 1-19. https://doi.org/10.1080/02723646.2017.1406300

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Year Published: 2018

Biomarker responses of Peromyscus leucopus exposed to lead and cadmium in the Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District

Biomarker responses and histopathological lesions have been documented in laboratory mammals exposed to elevated concentrations of lead and cadmium. The exposure of white-footed mice (Peromyscus leucopus) to these metals and the potential associated toxic effects were examined at three contaminated sites in the Southeast Missouri Lead Mining...

Beyer, W. Nelson; Casteel, Stan W.; Friedrichs, Kristen R.; Gramlich, Eric; Houseright, Ruth A.; Nichols, John W.; Karouna-Renier, Natalie K.; Kim, Dae Young; Rangen, Kathleen; Rattner, Barnett A.; Schultz, Sandra L.
Beyer, W. N., Casteekm , S.W., Friedrichs, K. R., Gramlich, E., Houseright, R. A., Nichols, J. R., Karouna-Renier, N. K., Kim, D. Y., Rangen, K. L., Rattner, B. A., and Schultz, S. L., 2018, Biomarker responses of Peromyscus leucopus exposed to lead and cadmium in the Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, v. 190, Article104, 16p. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-017-6442-0

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Year Published: 2018

Contaminant-associated health effects in fishes from the Ottawa and Ashtabula Rivers, Ohio

The health of resident fishes serves as a biologically relevant barometer of aquatic ecosystem integrity. Here, the health of the Ottawa River and Ashtabula River (both within the Lake Erie Basin) were assessed using morphological and immunological biomarkers in brown bullheads (Ameiurus nebulosus) and largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides)....

Iwanowicz, Luke R.; Blazer, Vicki S.; Walsh, Heather L.; Shaw, Cassidy H.; DeVault, David S.; Banda, Jo A.
Iwanowicz, L.R., V. S. Blazer, H.L. Walsh, C.H. Shaw, D.S. DeVault and J.A. Banda (2018) Contaminant-Associated Health Effects in Fishes from the Ottawa and Ashtabula Rivers, Ohio Journal of Great Lakes Research. 44(1); 184 - 196.

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Year Published: 2018

Modulators of mercury risk to wildlife and humans in the context of rapid global change

Environmental mercury (Hg) contamination is an urgent global health threat. The complexity of Hg in the environment can hinder accurate determination of ecological and human health risks, particularly within the context of the rapid global changes that are altering many ecological processes, socioeconomic patterns, and other factors like...

Eagles-Smith, Collin A.; Silbergeld, Ellen K.; Basu, Niladri; Bustamante, Paco; Diaz-Barriga, Fernando; Hopkins, William A.; Kidd, Karen A.; Nyland, Jennifer F.
Eagles-Smith, C.A., Silbergeld, E.K., Basu, N., Bustamante, P., Diaz-Barriga, F., Hopkins, W.A., Nyland, J.F., 2018, Modulators of mercury risk to wildlife and humans in the context of rapid global change: Ambio, p. online, https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-017-1011-x.

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Year Published: 2018

Use of real-time dust monitoring and surface condition to evaluate success of unpaved road treatments

No abstract available.

Kunz, Bethany K.; Green, Nicholas S.; Albers, Janice L.; Wildhaber, Mark L.; Little, Edward E.
Kunz​, B., Green​, N., Albers, J., Wildhaber, M., and Little, E., 2018, ​Use of Real-Time Dust Monitoring and Surface Condition to Evaluate Success of Unpaved Road Treatments​, in Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting, 97th, Washington, DC. Transportation Research Board, p. 18-06624

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Year Published: 2018

Use of real-time dust monitoring and surface condition to evaluate success of unpaved road treatments

Fugitive dust from unpaved roads creates human health hazards, degrades road surfaces, and increases the cost of road maintenance. As a result, many different chemical treatments are applied to unpaved roads in an attempt to control dust and stabilize the wearing course. However, investigations of the effectiveness of these treatments have often...

Kunz, Bethany K.; Green, Nicholas S.; Albers, Janice L.; Wildhaber, Mark L.; Little, Edward E.

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Year Published: 2018

Aluminum bioavailability and toxicity to aquatic organisms: Introduction to the special section

No abstract available.

Adams, William J.; Cardwell, Allison S.; DeForest, David K.; Gensemer, Robert W.; Santore, Robert C.; Wang, Ning; Nordheim, Eirik
Adams, W.J., Cardwell, A.S., DeForest, D.K., Gensemer, R.W., Santore, R.C., Wang, N., and Nordheim, E., 2018, Editorial: Aluminum bioavailability and toxicity to aquatic organisms: Introduction to the special section: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 37, no. 1, p. 34-35

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Year Published: 2018

Anticoagulant rodenticide toxicity to non-target wildlife under controlled exposure conditions

Much of our understanding of anticoagulant rodenticide toxicity to non-target wildlife has been derived from molecular through whole animal research and registration studies in domesticated birds and mammals, and to a lesser degree from trials with captive wildlife. Using these data, an adverse outcome pathway identifying molecular initiating and...

van den Brink, Nico; Elliott, J.; Shore, R.; Rattner, B.; Rattner, Barnett A.; Mastrota, F. Nicholas
Rattner, B.A. and Mastrota, F.N., 2017, Anticoagulant rodenticide toxicity to non-target wildlife under controlled exposure conditions, in van den Brink, N.W., Elliott, J.E., Shore, R.F., and Rattner, B.A., editors, Anticoagulant Rodenticides and Wildlife: Springer, Cham, Emerging Topics in Ecotoxicology (Principles, Approaches and Perspectives) 5, p. 45-86.

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Year Published: 2018

Pharmaceuticals in water, fish and osprey nestlings in Delaware River and Bay

Exposure of wildlife to Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (APIs) is likely to occur but studies of risk are limited. One exposure pathway that has received attention is trophic transfer of APIs in a water-fish-osprey food chain. Samples of water, fish plasma and osprey plasma were collected from Delaware River and Bay, and analyzed for 21 APIs....

Bean, Thomas G.; Rattner, Barnett A.; Lazarus, Rebecca S.; Day, Daniel D.; Burket, S. Rebekah; Brooks, Bryan W.; Haddad, Samuel P.; Bowerman, William W.
Bean, T. G., Rattner, B. A., Lazarus, R. S., Day, D. D., Burket, S. R., Brooks, B. W., Haddad, S. P., and Bowerman, W. W., 2018, Pharmaceuticals in water, fish and osprey nestlings in Delaware River and Bay: Environmental Pollution, v. 232, p. 533-545. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2017.09.083

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Year Published: 2018

Riparian bird density decline in response to biocontrol of Tamarix from riparian ecosystems along the Dolores River in SW Colorado, USA

Biocontrol of invasive tamarisk (Tamarix spp.) in the arid Southwest using the introduced tamarisk beetle (Diorhabda elongata) has been hypothesized to negatively affect some breeding bird species, but no studies to date have documented the effects of beetle-induced defoliation on riparian bird abundance. We assessed the effects of tamarisk...

Darrah, Abigail J.; van Riper, Charles
Darrah, A.J., and van Riper III, C., 2017, Riparian bird density decline in response to biocontrol of Tamarix from riparian ecosystems along the Dolores River in SW Colorado, USA: Biological Invasions, v. (online), https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-017-1569-z.

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Year Published: 2018

Development of a dual luciferase activity and fluorescamine protein assay adapted to a 384 micro-well plate format: Reducing variability in human luciferase transactivation cell lines aimed at endocrine active substances

There is a need to adapt cell bioassays to 384-well and 1536-well formats instead of the traditional 96-well format as high-throughput screening (HTS) demands increase. However, the sensitivity and performance of the bioassay must be re-verified in these higher micro-well plates, and verification of cell health must also be HT (high-throughput)....

Brennan, Jennifer; Tillitt, Donald E.
Brennan J.C., and Tillitt, D.E., 2018, Development of a dual luciferase activity and fluorescamine protein assay adapted to a 384 micro-well plate format: Reducing variability in human luciferase transactivation cell lines aimed at endocrine active substances: Toxicology in Vitro 47, 18–25

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Year Published: 2018

Linking spring phenology with mechanistic models of host movement to predict disease transmission risk

Disease models typically focus on temporal dynamics of infection, while often neglecting environmental processes that determine host movement. In many systems, however, temporal disease dynamics may be slow compared to the scale at which environmental conditions alter host space-use and accelerate disease transmission.Using a mechanistic movement...

Merkle, Jerod; Cross, Paul C.; Scurlock, Brandon M.; Cole, Eric; Courtemanch, Alyson B.; Dewey, Sarah; Kauffman, Matthew J.
Merkle, J. A., P. C. Cross, B. M. Scurlock, E. K. Cole, A. B. Courtemanch, S. R. Dewey, and M. J. Kauffman. 2017. Linking spring phenology with mechanistic models of host movement to predict disease transmission risk. Journal of Applied Ecology.