Cooperative Research Units


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Filter Total Items: 2,482
Year Published: 2018

Groundwater flux estimation in streams: A thermal equilibrium approach

Stream and groundwater interactions play an essential role in regulating flow, temperature, and water quality for stream ecosystems. Temperature gradients have been used to quantify vertical water movement in the streambed since the 1960s, but advancements in thermal methods are still possible. Seepage runs are a method commonly used to quantify...

Zhou, Yan; Fox, Garey A.; Miller, Ron B.; Mollenhauer, Robert; Brewer, Shannon K.

Year Published: 2018

Limited hatchery introgression into wild brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) populations despite reoccurring stocking

Due to increased anthropogenic pressures on many fish populations, supplementing wild populations with captive‐raised individuals has become an increasingly common management practice. Stocking programs can be controversial due to uncertainty about the long‐term fitness effects of genetic introgression on wild populations. In particular,...

White, Shannon L.; Miller, William L.; Dowell, Stephanie A.; Bartron, Meredith L.; Wagner, Tyler

Year Published: 2018

Neonicotinoid insecticides negatively affect performance measures of non‐target terrestrial arthropods: a meta‐analysis

Neonicotinoid insecticides are currently the fastest‐growing and most widely used insecticide class worldwide. Valued for their versatility in application, these insecticides may cause deleterious effects in a range of non‐target (beneficial) arthropods. However, it remains unclear whether strong patterns exist in terms of their major effects, if...

Main, Anson; Webb, Elisabeth B.; Goyne, Keith W.; Mengel, Doreen C.

Year Published: 2018

Small values in big data: The continuing need for appropriate metadata

Compiling data from disparate sources to address pressing ecological issues is increasingly common. Many ecological datasets contain left-censored data – observations below an analytical detection limit. Studies from single and typically small datasets show that common approaches for handling censored data — e.g., deletion or substituting fixed...

Stow, Craig A.; Webster, Katherine E.; Wagner, Tyler; Lottig, Noah R.; Soranno, Patricia A.; Cha, YoonKyung

Year Published: 2018

Spatial variability and macro‐scale drivers of growth for native and introduced Flathead Catfish populations

Quantifying spatial variability in fish growth and identifying large‐scale drivers of growth are fundamental to many conservation and management decisions. Although fish growth studies often focus on a single population, it is becoming increasingly clear that large‐scale studies are likely needed for addressing transboundary management needs. This...

Massie, Danielle L.; Smith, Geoffrey; Bonvechio, Timothy F.; Bunch, Aaron J.; Lucchesi, David O.; Wagner, Tyler

Year Published: 2018

Factors affecting nesting ecology of Apalone spinifera in a northwestern Great Plains river of the United States

The nesting ecology of Apalone spinifera in large North American rivers is largely unknown despite the wide distribution of the species in these naturally dynamic ecosystems. We describe the nesting locations, timing, behavior, and habitat of A. spinifera in relation to natural and anthropogenic factors in the Missouri River....

Tornabene, Brian J.; Bramblett, Robert G.; Zale, Alexander V.; Leathe, Stephen A.

Year Published: 2018

Spatial and temporal patterns in population trends and burrow usage of burrowing owls in North America

Many researchers have suggested that abundance of Burrowing Owls (Athene cunicularia) has declined in many portions of their breeding range, but a thorough review of their population trends over time is lacking. Published population trends from the North American Breeding Bird Survey program suggested that Burrowing Owl populations in the US have...

Conway, Courtney J.

Year Published: 2018

Evaluating indices of lipid and protein content in lesser snow and Ross's geese during spring migration

Assessing nutrient stores in avian species is important for understanding the extent to which body condition influences success or failure in life‐history events. We evaluated predictive models using morphometric characteristics to estimate total body lipids (TBL) and total body protein (TBP), based on traditional proximate analyses, in spring...

Webb, Elisabeth B.; Fowler, Drew N.; Woodall, Brendan A.; Vrtiska, Mark P.

Year Published: 2018

Habitat associations of three crayfish endemic to the Ouachita Mountain Ecoregion

Many crayfish are of conservation concern because of their use of unique habitats and often narrow ranges. In this study, we determined fine-scale habitat use by 3 crayfishes that are endemic to the Ouachita Mountains, in Oklahoma and Arkansas. We sampled Faxonius menae (Mena Crayfish), F. leptogonopodus (Little River Creek...

Dyer, Joseph J.; Brewer, Shannon K.

Year Published: 2018

The influence of drought on flow‐ecology relationships in Ozark Highland streams

Drought and summer drying can have strong effects on abiotic and biotic components of stream ecosystems. Environmental flow‐ecology relationships may be affected by drought and drying, adding further uncertainty to the already complex interaction of flow with other environmental variables, including geomorphology and water quality.Environment–...

Lynch, Dustin T.; Leasure, Douglas R.; Magoulick, Daniel D.

Year Published: 2018

Rapid discovery of SNPs differentiating hatchery steelhead trout from ESA-listed natural-origin steelhead trout using a 57K SNP array

Natural-origin steelhead trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum, 1792)) in the Pacific Northwest, USA, are threatened by a number of factors including habitat destruction, disease, decline in marine survival, and a potential erosion of genetic viability due to introgression from hatchery strains. Our major goal was to use a recently developed...

Larson, Wesley; Palti, Yniv; Gao, Gunagtu; Warheit, Kenneth I.; Seeb, James E.

Year Published: 2018

Activity of southeastern bats along sandstone cliffs used for rock climbing

Bats in the eastern U.S. are facing numerous threats and many species are in decline. Although several species of bats commonly roost in cliffs, little is known about use of cliffs for foraging and roosting. Because rock climbing is a rapidly growing sport and may cause disturbance to bats, our objectives were to examine use of cliff habitats by...

Loeb, Susan C.; Jodice, Patrick G. R.