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Filter Total Items: 2,482
Year Published: 2018

Nest mortality of sagebrush songbirds due to a severe hailstorm

Demographic assessments of nesting birds typically focus on failures due to nest predation or brood parasitism. Extreme weather events such as hailstorms, however, can also destroy eggs and injure or kill juvenile and adult birds at the nest. We documented the effects of a severe hailstorm on 3 species of sagebrush-associated songbirds: Sage...

Hightower, Jessica N.; Carlisle, Jason D.; Chalfoun, Anna D.

Year Published: 2018

Thermal tolerance limits of the Chinese mystery snail (Bellamya chinensis): Implications for management

The Chinese mystery snail, Bellamya chinensis (Gray, 1834) is a gastropod native to East Asia and is considered an invasive species in North America where its impacts on native species and ecosystems are not well understood. Scientific literature describing its biology and life history are sparse. Thermal tolerance limits, or the maximum...

Burnett, Jessica L.; Pope, Kevin L.; Wong, Alec; Allen, Craig R.; Haak, Danielle M.; Stephen, Bruce J.; Uden, Daniel R.

Year Published: 2018

Demographic rates of two southeastern populations of Painted Bunting, 2007–2015

Painted Buntings (Passerina ciris) have been declining in the southeastern United States since the 1970s. A recent demographic assessment highlighted the importance of estimating demographic parameters, which have received little attention to date. The dearth of information is troublesome because attempts to reverse declining trends require a...

Yirka, Liani M.; Collazo, Jaime A.; O'Shea, Brian J.; Gerwin, J.A.; Rotenberg, James A.; Cobb, David T.

Year Published: 2018

Process convolution approaches for modeling interacting trajectories

Gaussian processes are a fundamental statistical tool used in a wide range of applications. In the spatiotemporal setting, several families of covariance functions exist to accommodate a wide variety of dependence structures arising in different applications. These parametric families can be restrictive and are insufficient in some situations. In...

Scharf, Henry R.; Hooten, Mevin B.; Johnson, Devin S.; Durban, John W.

Year Published: 2018

A multiscale investigation of habitat use and within-river distribution of sympatric sand darter species

The western sand darter Ammocrypta clara, and eastern sand darter Ammocrypta pellucida, are sand-dwelling fishes of conservation concern. Past research has emphasized the importance of studying individual populations of conservation concern, while recent research has revealed the importance of incorporating landscape scale processes that structure...

Thompson, Patricia A.; Welsh, Stuart A.; Strager, Michael P.; Rizzo, Austin A.

Year Published: 2018

Co‐occurrence dynamics of endangered Lower Keys marsh rabbits and free‐ranging domestic cats: Prey responses to an exotic predator removal program

The Lower Keys marsh rabbit (Sylvilagus palustris hefneri) is one of many endangered endemic species of the Florida Keys. The main threats are habitat loss and fragmentation from sea‐level rise, development, and habitat succession. Exotic predators such as free‐ranging domestic cats (Felis catus) pose an additional threat to these endangered small...

Cove, Michael V.; Gardner, Beth; Simons, Theodore R.; O'Connell, Allan F.

Year Published: 2018

Demographic response of Louisiana Waterthrush, a stream obligate songbird of conservation concern, to shale gas development

Shale gas development continues to outpace the implementation of best management practices for wildlife affected by development. We examined demographic responses of the Louisiana Waterthrush (Parkesia motacilla) to shale gas development during 2009–2011 and 2013–2015 in a predominantly forested landscape in West Virginia, USA. Forest cover across...

Frantz, Mack W.; Wood, Petra B.; Sheehan, James; George, Gregory

Year Published: 2018

Density of American black bears in New Mexico

Considering advances in noninvasive genetic sampling and spatially explicit capture–recapture (SECR) models, the New Mexico Department of Game and Fish sought to update their density estimates for American black bear (Ursus americanus) populations in New Mexico, USA, to aide in setting sustainable harvest limits. We estimated black bear density in...

Gould, Matthew J.; Cain, James W.; Roemer, Gary W.; Gould, William R.; Liley, Stewart

Year Published: 2018

Energetic fitness: Field metabolic rates assessed via 3D accelerometry complement conventional fitness metrics

Evaluating the fitness of organisms is an essential step towards understanding their responses to environmental change. Connections between energy expenditure and fitness have been postulated for nearly a century. However, testing this premise among wild animals is constrained by difficulties in measuring energy expenditure while simultaneously...

Grémillet, David; Lescroël, Amelie; Ballard, Grant; Dugger, Katie M.; Massaro, Melanie; Porzig, Elizabeth L.; Ainley, David G.

Year Published: 2018

Enhancing quantitative approaches for assessing community resilience

Scholars from many different intellectual disciplines have attempted to measure, estimate, or quantify resilience. However, there is growing concern that lack of clarity on the operationalization of the concept will limit its application. In this paper, we discuss the theory, research development and quantitative approaches in ecological and...

Chuang, W. C.; Garmestani, A.S.; Eason, T. N.; Spanbauer, T. L.; Fried-Peterson, H. B.; Roberts, C.P.; Sundstrom, Shana M.; Burnett, J.L.; Angeler, David G.; Chaffin, Brian C.; Gunderson, L.; Twidwell, Dirac; Allen, Craig R.

Year Published: 2018

Fight and air exposure times of caught and released salmonids from the South Fork Snake River

Catch-and-release regulations are among the most common types of fishing regulations. In recent years, concerns have arisen regarding the exposure of fish to air during catch-and-release angling. The purpose of our study was to quantify the length of time angled fish were exposed to air by anglers in a typical catch-and-release fishery and relate...

Roth, Curtis J.; Schill, Daniel J.; Quist, Michael C.

Year Published: 2018

Fitting N-mixture models to count data with unmodeled heterogeneity: Bias, diagnostics, and alternative approaches

Monitoring animal populations is central to wildlife and fisheries management, and the use of N-mixture models toward these efforts has markedly increased in recent years. Nevertheless, relatively little work has evaluated estimator performance when basic assumptions are violated. Moreover, diagnostics to identify when bias in parameter estimates...

Duarte, Adam; Adams, M.J.; Peterson, James T.