Cooperative Research Units

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The Cooperative Research Units Program conducts research on a wide range of disciplines related to fish, wildlife, and natural resource management. Our 40 Units collectively conduct research on virtually every type of North American ecological community. 

Data and Tools Technical Publications
Filter Total Items: 104
Date published: January 21, 2020

Southern hognose snake Species Status Assessment data products

The three datasets were used in a model estimating the current and future persistence of 222 populations of southern hognose snakes, as estimated as part of the USFWS Species Status Assessment. Because these datasets contain information about sensitive species at risk of overcollection and harassment, they do not contain any spatial identifying information. The "HESIM_locs" dataset conta

Date published: December 5, 2019

Mercury concentrations in American alligators in South Carolina, 2010-2017

This dataset comprises whole blood mercury concentrations, sex, predicted age, snout-vent length, and body mass index in American alligators (Alligator mississippiensis) captured at Yawkey Wildlife Center, South Carolina, from 2010 to 2017. Funding for this study was provided by the U.S. Geological Survey (Cooperative Agreement nos. G12AC20329, G15AC00264) and the South Car

Date published: October 11, 2019

GPS tracking of Brown Pelican in the South Atlantic Bight during cyclonic activity (2017-2018)

This dataset comprises GPS locations analyzed in Wilkinson et al. (20XX): 14,478 deployed GPS locations, for 32 Eastern brown pelicans tracked during Hurricanes Irma, Florence, and Michael in autumn 2017 and 2018, respectively. Funding for this study was provided by the U.S. Geological Survey Ecosystem Missions Area, and facilitated by Mona Khalil (USGS). Among seabirds%2

Date published: March 19, 2019

Data Supporting a Framework to Incorporate Established Conservation Networks into Freshwater Conservation Planning

This data set provides the results of a conservation prioritization analysis for wadeable streams in Missouri, USA. Higher values (Maximum of 1) represent higher conservation value. Conservation values were derived using Zonation conservation planning software which used species distribution models, a prioritization algorithm (either Core-Area or Additive Benefit), species weighting

Date published: January 1, 2019

Bluegill catch rates and total length distributions among four sampling gears used in two Wisconsin lakes 2017

Data represent catch rates and total lengths of bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus) collected from two northern Wisconsin lakes using four different sampling gears.The data include number of bluegills captured in individual units of effort for 4 different sampling gears (Isermann_Bluegill_Sampling_catch.csv) and total lengths measured for a subsample of those fish (Isermann_Bluegill_Sampling

Date published: December 3, 2018

Wyoming Range Stream Data (2012-2016)

This data release supports the manuscript entitled "Multiple approaches to surface water quality assessment provide insight for small streams experiencing oil and natural gas development" (DOI )and includes two data sets: 1) Mean daily discharge, temperature, and conductivity data from three stream sites in the Wyoming Range for summers 2012-2016; 2) Suspended sediment and mac

Date published: June 6, 2018

Avian point count survey-specific data in Northern New England 2013 to 2015

Avian point count, vegetation, and management data from surveys in Northern New England at four National Wildlife Refuges (NWRs), Baxter State Park, and prviate lands in Northern Maine surveyed during the breeding and postbreeding season bewteen 1 June and 4 August 2013 to 2015. NWRs include Nulhegan (Silvio O. Conte), Umbagog, Moosehorn, and Aroostook. This data release inc

Date published: February 15, 2018

Fish collection and hydrological data for oxbows in western Iowa

The data set associated with this metadata is included in three separate csv files: 'Occupancy_Data', 'Stage_Raw', and 'Flood_Stage_Height'. 'Occupancy_Data' was used to fit the dynamic occupancy models and includes 17 columns: Time: time periods numbered 1 to 5; 'Oxbow': individual oxbows numbered 1 through 10; 'OxbowName': the name of each oxbow; %2

Date published: February 15, 2018

Habitat and fish field survey data from Wyoming Range streams in 2012 and 2013

Stream habitat characteristics, energy development metrics, and fish catch per unit effort data for 91 sites (100m stream reach) sampled in the summers of 2012 and 2013.We sampled four streams in the Dry Piney Drainage (Dry Piney, Beaver Dam, Black Canyon, and North Black Canyon), five in the Fogarty Drainage (North and South Fogarty, North and South Pine Grove, and Sa

Date published: January 1, 2018

Activity patterns in regional and long-distance migrant bat species during the fall and spring along ridgelines in the central Appalachians, 2015-2017

Data contain zero-crossing, frequency acoustic detector locations, date to hour, species of bats recorded and identified and various wind and precipitation values associated with either day or hour for ridges,sideslopes and valleys at 5 locations in western Virginia's Appalachian Mountains.

Date published: January 1, 2018

Activity patterns of cave-dwelling bat species during pre-hibernation swarming and post-hibernation emergence in the central Appalachians

Bat activity around known hibernacula in Virginia and West Virginia portion of the central Appalachians during the fall swarm and spring emergence, 2015-2017

Date published: January 1, 2018

Amphibian Occupancy and Effects of Habitat Use on Pesticide Exposure in Iowa Wetlands

Amphibians living in agricultural areas encounter many challenges. Two factors affecting individuals in these landscapes are habitat loss and pesticides. This thesis focuses on amphibians using agricultural wetlands in Iowa, where row crops such as corn and soybeans dominate the landscape. The goal of my first study was to determine the influences of site characteristics on amphibian presence...

Filter Total Items: 2,893
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Year Published: 2019

Puerto Rico Sicydium goby diversity: Species-specific insights on population structures and distributions

Sicydiine gobies are major contributors to Caribbean stream fish biodiversity, and ecosystem functions and services. In the Caribbean, Sicydiine gobies are represented by a single genus, Sicydium, but species-level Sicydium taxonomy and distributions remain unresolved in this region. A previous study posited that four species of Sicydium are...

Engman, A.C.; Hogue, G.M; Starnes, W.C.; Raley, M.E.; Kwak, Thomas J.

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Year Published: 2019

Toward a theory of connectivity among depressional wetlands of the great plains

Functions of inland, freshwater depressional wetlands of the Great Plains are driven by natural disturbance in the form of fluctuating water levels or shifts between wet and dry ecological states. The geographically isolated prairie potholes and playas form broad-scale systems or networks that support biodiversity and provide ecological goods and...

Albanese, Gene; Haukos, David A.

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Year Published: 2019

Age and growth of Freshwater Drum and Gizzard Shad occupying two reservoir-river complexes with different groundwater contributions

Restoring groundwater flow is a management option that improves water temperature regimes and benefits fishes. Although this strategy applies more readily to river systems, the thermal character of reservoirs is heavily influenced by inflowing rivers. We examined differences in age, structure, and growth of both Freshwater Drum Aplodinotus...

Dattilo, J; Shoup, D.E.; Brewer, Shannon K.

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Year Published: 2019

Ecosystem size predicts social dynamics in recreational fisheries

Recreational fisheries are complex adaptive systems that are inherently difficult to manage due to a heterogeneous user group (consumptive vs. non-consumptive) that utilize patchily distributed resources on the landscape (lakes, rivers, coastlines). There is a need to identify which system components can effectively predict and be used to manage...

Kaemingk, M. A.; Chizinski, C.J.; Allen, Craig R.; Pope, Kevin L.

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Year Published: 2019

Comparing and improving methods for reconstructing peatland water-table depth from testate amoebae

Proxies that use changes in the composition of ecological communities to reconstruct temporal changes in an environmental covariate are commonly used in paleoclimatology and paleolimnology. Existing methods, such as weighted averaging and modern analog technique, relate compositional data to the covariate in very simple ways, and different methods...

Nolan, Connor; Tipton, John; Booth, Robert K.; Hooten, Mevin; Jackson, Stephen

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Year Published: 2019

Differential effects of temperature and salinity on growth and mortality of oysters (Crassostrea virginica) in Barataria Bay and Breton Sound, Louisiana

Temperature and salinity and their interaction exert a major control on the life cycle of the eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica), affecting reproduction, development, growth, and mortality. Quantifying specific temperature and salinity relationships on oyster growth and mortality has however proven difficult, with data suggesting potentially...

Sehlinger, T.; Lowe, M.R.; LaPeyre, Megan K.; Soniat, T.M.

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Year Published: 2019

Oyster reefs in northern Gulf of Mexico estuaries harbor diverse fish and decapod crustacean assemblages: A meta-synthesis

Oyster reefs provide habitat for numerous fish and decapod crustacean species that mediate ecosystem functioning and support vibrant fisheries. Recent focus on the restoration of eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) reefs stems from this role as a critical ecosystem engineer. Within the shallow estuaries of the northern Gulf of Mexico (nGoM...

LaPeyre, Megan K.; Marshall, D. A.; Miller, L. S.; Humphries, A. T.

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Year Published: 2019

Riverine turtles select habitats maintained by natural discharge regimes in an unimpounded large river

Turtle populations are imperiled worldwide, but limited ecological information from unaltered systems hampers science‐based management and conservation of some species, especially riverine turtles such as the spiny softshell (Apalone spinifera). We therefore investigated movements and spatial habitat selection of 54 A. spinifera in...

Tornabene, Brian J.; Jaeger, Matthew E.; Bramblett, Robert G.; Nelson, Mark; McClenning, Nathan; Watson, Trevor; Ankrum, Alan; Frazer, Kenneth; Reinhold, Ann Marie; Zale, Alexander V.

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Year Published: 2019

Foraging ecology mediates response to ecological mismatch during migratory stopover

Impacts of ecological mismatches should be most pronounced at points of the annual cycle when populations depend on a predictable, abundant, and aggregated food resource that changes in timing or distribution. The degree to which species specialize on a key prey item, therefore, should determine their sensitivity to mismatches. We evaluated the...

Tucker, A. M.; McGowan, Conor P.; Catalano, M.; Derose-Wilson, A.; Robinson, R. A.; Zimmerman, J.

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Year Published: 2019

Pathogen prevalence in American black bears (Ursus americanus) of the Jemez Mountains, New Mexico, USA

Informed management of American black bears (Ursus americanus) requires knowledge of the distribution and pathology of diseases affecting the species. Little information is available on pathogen prevalence from black bear populations in the Southwest, US, and it is unknown how these infections may influence black bear populations or disease...

Bard, Susan M.; Cain, James W.

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Year Published: 2019

Biotic interactions are the dominant drivers of phylogenetic and functional structure in bird communities along a tropical elevational gradient

Understanding how biotic and abiotic interactions influence community assembly and composition is a fundamental goal in community ecology. Addressing this issue is particularly tractable along elevational gradients in tropical mountains that feature substantial abiotic gradients and rates of species turnover. We examined elevational patterns of...

Boyce, Andy J.; Shakya, Subir; Sheldon, Frederick H.; Moyle, Robert G.; Martin, Thomas E.

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Year Published: 2019

Predicting fish species richness and habitat relationships using Bayesian hierarchical multispecies occupancy models

Understanding how stream fishes respond to changes in habitat availability is complicated by low occurrence rates of many species, which in turn reduces the ability to quantify species–habitat relationships and account for imperfect detection in estimates of species richness. Multispecies occupancy models have been used sparingly in the analysis...

White, Shannon; Faulk, Evan; Tzilkowski, Caleb; Weber, Andrew; Marshall, Matt; Wagner, Tyler