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The Cooperative Research Units Program conducts research on a wide range of disciplines related to fish, wildlife, and natural resource management. Our 40 Units collectively conduct research on virtually every type of North American ecological community. 

Data and Tools Technical Publications
Filter Total Items: 32
Date published: February 15, 2017

Standard Methods for Sampling North American Freshwater Fishes

The Arizona Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit developed a simple, web-based tool to compare freshwater fish data collected using American Fisheries Society standard methods. With widespread use, the tool could become an important resource for fisheries biologists. Check out the video by Scott Bonar, Unit Leader, Arizona Unit...

Date published: January 1, 2017

Proximate Density Composition of Brown Pelican prey in the northern Gulf of Mexico (2014-2015)

The Brown Pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis) is a large-bodied seabird that nests in colonies of 10 to upwards of 5,000 pairs, on nearshore barrier islands in subtropical and tropical North American waters. It breeds between March and August, laying 2–3 eggs and raising 1–2 chicks per year. The species is facultatively migratory during nonbreeding, with some individuals

Date published: January 1, 2017

Taxonomical identification of Brown Pelican prey in the northern Gulf of Mexico (2013-2015)

The Brown Pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis) is a large-bodied seabird that nests in colonies of 10 to upwards of 5,000 pairs, on nearshore barrier islands in subtropical and tropical North American waters. It breeds between March and August, laying 2–3 eggs and raising 1–2 chicks per year. The species is facultatively migratory during nonbreeding, with some individuals

Date published: January 1, 2017

Composition of diet of juvenile Brown Pelican in the northern Gulf of Mexico (2013-2015)

The Brown Pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis) is a large-bodied seabird that nests in colonies of 10 to upwards of 5,000 pairs, on nearshore barrier islands in subtropical and tropical North American waters. It breeds between March and August, laying 2–3 eggs and raising 1–2 chicks per year. The species is facultatively migratory during nonbreeding, with some individuals

Date published: January 1, 2017

Shapefiles and Historical Aerial Photographs, Little Missouri River, 1939-2003

The data archive contains the aerial photographs and channel delineations used in our analysis. The images have been geo-referenced to the 1995 digital orthophoto quarter quadrangles as described by Miller and Friedman (2009). The separate images for each year can be viewed as a composite along with that year’s channel delineation using a geographic information system (GIS). The 2

Date published: January 1, 2017

Productivity of Brown Pelican in the northern Gulf of Mexico (2014-2015)

The Brown Pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis) is a large-bodied seabird that nests in colonies of 10 to upwards of 5,000 pairs, on nearshore barrier islands in subtropical and tropical North American waters. It breeds between March and August, laying 2–3 eggs and raising 1–2 chicks per year. The species is facultatively migratory during nonbreeding, with some individuals

Date published: January 1, 2017

Provisioning rate of Brown Pelican in the northern Gulf of Mexico (2014-2015)

The Brown Pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis) is a large-bodied seabird that nests in colonies of 10 to upwards of 5,000 pairs, on nearshore barrier islands in subtropical and tropical North American waters. It breeds between March and August, laying 2–3 eggs and raising 1–2 chicks per year. The species is facultatively migratory during nonbreeding, with some individuals

Date published: January 1, 2017

Brown pelican foraging ecology in the northern Gulf of Mexico (2013-2015)_Colony reference

The Brown Pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis) is a large-bodied seabird that nests in colonies of 10 to upwards of 5,000 pairs, on nearshore barrier islands in subtropical and tropical North American waters. It breeds between March and August, laying 2–3 eggs and raising 1–2 chicks per year. The species is facultatively migratory during nonbreeding, with some individuals

Filter Total Items: 2,623
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Year Published: 2019

Spatiotemporal distribution of waterfowl disease outbreaks in Kansas

No abstract available.

Haukos, David A.

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Year Published: 2019

The complimentary role of lentic and lotic habitats for Arctic grayling in a complex stream-lake network in Arctic Alaska

Lakes can be important to stream dwelling fishes, yet how individuals exploit habitat heterogeneity across complex stream-lake networks is poorly understood. Furthermore, despite growing awareness that intermittent streams are widely used by fish, studies documenting use of seasonally accessible lakes remain scarce. We studied Arctic grayling (...

Wipfli, Mark S.; Kurt C. Heim1; Christopher D. Arp2; Matthew S. Whitman3

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Year Published: 2019

Latitude and daily-weather effects on gobbling activity of wild turkeys in Mississippi

Weather has been recognized as a density independent factor influencing the abundance, distribution, and behavior of vertebrates. Male wild turkeys’ (Meleagris gallopavo) breeding behavior includes vocalizations and courtship displays to attract females, the phenology of which can vary with latitude. State biologists design spring turkey-hunting...

Palumbo, Matthew D.; Vilella, Francisco; Wang, Guiming; Strickland, Bronson K.; Godwin, Dave; Dixon, P. Grady; Rubin, Benjamin D.; Lashley, Marcus A.

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Year Published: 2019

Adaptive management of flows from R.L. Harris Dam (Tallapoosa River, Alabama)—Stakeholder process and use of biological monitoring data for decision making

Adaptive management has been applied to problems with multiple conflicting objectives in various natural resources settings to learn how management actions affect divergent values regarding system response. Hydropower applications have only recently begun to emerge in the field, yet in the specific example reported herein, stakeholders invested in...

Irwin, Elise R.; Irwin, Elise R.; Freeman, Mary C.; Peterson, James; Kennedy, Kathryn D.M.; Lloyd, M. Clint; Ouellette Coffman, Kristie M.; Kosnicki, Ely; Hess, Tom
Irwin, E.R., ed., 2019, Adaptive management of flows from R.L. Harris Dam (Tallapoosa River, Alabama)—Stakeholder process and use of biological monitoring data for decision making: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1026, 93 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191026.

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Year Published: 2019

Reservoir diel water quality patterns relative to riparian shade

Investigations into the effects of riparian shade on water quality have focused on streams, with less emphasis on natural lakes, and almost no attention given to reservoirs. In view of this gap, our objective was to assess diel water quality patterns in the nearshore zone of a reservoir and test whether diel patterns differed relative to the...

Miranda, Leandro E.; Raines, C.D.

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Year Published: 2019

Bats in a changing landscape: Linking occupancy and traits of a diverse montane bat community to fire regime

1. Wildfires are increasing in incidence and severity across the western US, leading to changes in forest structure and wildlife habitats. Knowledge of how species respond to fire-driven habitat changes in these landscapes is limited and generally disconnected from our understanding of adaptations that underpin responses to fire. 2. We aimed to...

Webb, Elisabeth B.; Blakely, R.V.; Kesler, D.C.; Siegel, R.B.; Barrios, D.C.; Johnson, J.M.

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Year Published: 2019

The rise of an apex predator following deglaciation

AimSea otters (Enhydra lutris) are an apex predator of the nearshore marine community and nearly went extinct at the turn of the 20th century. Reintroductions and legal protection allowed sea otters to re‐colonize much of their former range. Our objective was to chronicle the colonization of this apex predator in Glacier Bay, Alaska, to help...

Hooten, Mevin B.; Esslinger, George G.

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Year Published: 2019

Future directions to escalate benefits of stepping-stone approach for conservation translocations

Through a reintroduction case study on the critically endangered Vancouver Island marmot (Marmota vancouverensis), we introduced a ‘stepping-stone’ approach which utilizes the transition of released individuals among populations to maximize demographic growth potential (Lloyd et al. 2019). We greatly appreciate and hereby reflect on the...

Lloyd, N.A.; Hostetter, N.J.; Jackson, C.L.; Converse, Sarah J.; Moehrenschlager, A.

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Year Published: 2019

Effects of historic wildfire and prescribed fire on site occupancy of bats in Shenandoah National Park, Virginia, USA

Given high likelihood of regional extirpation of several once-common bat species in eastern North America from White-nose Syndrome, it is critical that impacts of forest management activities such as prescribed fire are known to minimize potentially additive negative effects on bat populations. Historic wildfires may offer a suitable surrogate to...

Ford, W. Mark; Austin, Lauren V.; Alexander Silvis; Powers, Karen E.

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Year Published: 2019

Largemouth bass natural history

No abstract available.

Miranda, Leandro E.

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Year Published: 2019

Changes in body condition and diet of lotic Smallmouth Bass across two flow regimes during summer months at the southern extent of their native range

The Ozark Plateau is located at the southern extent of native Smallmouth Bass Micropterus dolomieu range and water temperature and drought conditions during summer months may potentially affect growth of Smallmouth Bass in this region. Groundwater streams in the region do not warm to the same extent as runoff streams during summer months and could...

Middaugh, Christopher R.; Magoulick, Daniel D.

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Year Published: 2019

First summer survival and channel unit habitat use by the Neosho subspecies of Smallmouth Bass (Micropterus dolomieu velox)

No abstract available. 

Brewer, Shannon K.; Browne, Brandon L.; Thomas A. Worthington; Mollenhauer, Robert; Rodger, Anthony; Skoog, Matt; Burroughs, Jim

Under the guidelines of the Cooperative Research Agreement, CRU is required to communicate with funders, cooperators, stakeholders, and the public. CRU maintains outreach pathways and participation among state, federal, university, and private researchers.

Filter Total Items: 29
Baby American Alligators Hatching
May 6, 2016

Baby American Allligators, Hatching

American alligator hatchlings. Courtesy USGS

USGS Museum, historic preservation
December 31, 2015

In the Driver’s Seat

Student dusts the Model A Ford coupe used by USGS scientists from the 1930s to 1965. 

Smithsonian’s Natural History Museum
December 31, 2015

USGS Volunteer Student at the Smithsonian Natural History Museum

The Smithsonian Natural History Museum offers hands-on learning experiences.

Pallid sturgeon
December 31, 2015

Pallid Sturgeon

The pallid sturgeon is an endangered riverine sturgeon with historical distribution restricted to parts of the Yellowstone, Missouri, Mississippi, and Atchafalaya Rivers. Although rare, pallid sturgeon in the lower Mississippi River appear to be naturally recruiting, and information about habitat use is important to conserve this species. This study seeks to provide

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