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The Cooperative Research Units Program conducts research on a wide range of disciplines related to fish, wildlife, and natural resource management. Our 40 Units collectively conduct research on virtually every type of North American ecological community. 

Data and Tools Technical Publications
Filter Total Items: 104
Date published: February 15, 2017

Standard Methods for Sampling North American Freshwater Fishes

The Arizona Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit developed a simple, web-based tool to compare freshwater fish data collected using American Fisheries Society standard methods. With widespread use, the tool could become an important resource for fisheries biologists. Check out the video by Scott Bonar, Unit Leader, Arizona Unit...

Date published: January 1, 2017

Proximate Density Composition of Brown Pelican prey in the northern Gulf of Mexico (2014-2015)

The Brown Pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis) is a large-bodied seabird that nests in colonies of 10 to upwards of 5,000 pairs, on nearshore barrier islands in subtropical and tropical North American waters. It breeds between March and August, laying 2–3 eggs and raising 1–2 chicks per year. The species is facultatively migratory during nonbreeding, with some individuals

Date published: January 1, 2017

Taxonomical identification of Brown Pelican prey in the northern Gulf of Mexico (2013-2015)

The Brown Pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis) is a large-bodied seabird that nests in colonies of 10 to upwards of 5,000 pairs, on nearshore barrier islands in subtropical and tropical North American waters. It breeds between March and August, laying 2–3 eggs and raising 1–2 chicks per year. The species is facultatively migratory during nonbreeding, with some individuals

Date published: January 1, 2017

Composition of diet of juvenile Brown Pelican in the northern Gulf of Mexico (2013-2015)

The Brown Pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis) is a large-bodied seabird that nests in colonies of 10 to upwards of 5,000 pairs, on nearshore barrier islands in subtropical and tropical North American waters. It breeds between March and August, laying 2–3 eggs and raising 1–2 chicks per year. The species is facultatively migratory during nonbreeding, with some individuals

Date published: January 1, 2017

Shapefiles and Historical Aerial Photographs, Little Missouri River, 1939-2003

The data archive contains the aerial photographs and channel delineations used in our analysis. The images have been geo-referenced to the 1995 digital orthophoto quarter quadrangles as described by Miller and Friedman (2009). The separate images for each year can be viewed as a composite along with that year’s channel delineation using a geographic information system (GIS). The 2

Date published: January 1, 2017

Productivity of Brown Pelican in the northern Gulf of Mexico (2014-2015)

The Brown Pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis) is a large-bodied seabird that nests in colonies of 10 to upwards of 5,000 pairs, on nearshore barrier islands in subtropical and tropical North American waters. It breeds between March and August, laying 2–3 eggs and raising 1–2 chicks per year. The species is facultatively migratory during nonbreeding, with some individuals

Date published: January 1, 2017

Provisioning rate of Brown Pelican in the northern Gulf of Mexico (2014-2015)

The Brown Pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis) is a large-bodied seabird that nests in colonies of 10 to upwards of 5,000 pairs, on nearshore barrier islands in subtropical and tropical North American waters. It breeds between March and August, laying 2–3 eggs and raising 1–2 chicks per year. The species is facultatively migratory during nonbreeding, with some individuals

Date published: January 1, 2017

Brown pelican foraging ecology in the northern Gulf of Mexico (2013-2015)_Colony reference

The Brown Pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis) is a large-bodied seabird that nests in colonies of 10 to upwards of 5,000 pairs, on nearshore barrier islands in subtropical and tropical North American waters. It breeds between March and August, laying 2–3 eggs and raising 1–2 chicks per year. The species is facultatively migratory during nonbreeding, with some individuals

Filter Total Items: 2,921
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Year Published: 2019

Submergence responses of cool-season annual plants and potential for fish habitat

Unnatural water regimes of flood control reservoirs limit vegetation establishment in littoral zones and produce mudflats with low structural complexity insufficient for many juvenile fishes. One strategy to enhance habitat on mudflats is to sow cool-season plants to provide submerged structure when inundated. However, how long the structure of...

Coppola, G; Miranda, Leandro E.; Colvin, ME; Hatcher, HR; Lashley, Marcus A.

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Year Published: 2019

A statewide evaluation of Florida Bass genetic introgression in Tennessee

Largemouth Bass (Micropterus salmoides) are one of the most popular freshwater sport fish in the United States and managers in southeastern states have stocked the Florida Bass (M. s. floridanus) subspecies outside of its natural range to increase size structure of existing Largemouth Bass populations. In Tennessee, fisheries for Largemouth Bass...

Hargrove, J.S.; Rogers, Mark W.; Kackmar, P.T.; Black, P.

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Year Published: 2019

Changes in adult Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) survival within the lower Columbia River amid increasing pinniped abundance

Significant effort towards conservation has contributed to the recovery of historically depleted pinniped populations world-wide. However, in several locations where pinnipeds have increased, they have been blamed for preventing the recovery of commercially valuable fish species through predation. Prompted by increasing pinniped abundance within...

Wargo Rub, A. Michelle; Som, Nicholas A.; Henderson, Mark J.; Sandford, Benjamin P.; Van Doornik, Donald M.; Teel, David J.; Tennis, Matt; Langness, Olaf P.; van der Leeuw, Bjorn; Huff, David D.

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Year Published: 2019

Evaluation of artificial cover units as a sampling technique and habitat enhancement for madtoms in rivers

Instream habitat degradation and loss are major threats to freshwater fishes and critical conservation issues among nongame species, due to a lack of research and knowledge concerning their habitat requirements. Instream physical cover is an important component of fish habitat, especially for benthic species that require cover for reproduction and...

Cope, W.R.; Kwak, Thomas J.; Black, T.R.; Pacifici, K.

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Year Published: 2019

Puerto Rico Sicydium goby diversity: Species-specific insights on population structures and distributions

Sicydiine gobies are major contributors to Caribbean stream fish biodiversity, and ecosystem functions and services. In the Caribbean, Sicydiine gobies are represented by a single genus, Sicydium, but species-level Sicydium taxonomy and distributions remain unresolved in this region. A previous study posited that four species of Sicydium are...

Engman, A.C.; Hogue, G.M; Starnes, W.C.; Raley, M.E.; Kwak, Thomas J.

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Year Published: 2019

Toward a theory of connectivity among depressional wetlands of the great plains

Functions of inland, freshwater depressional wetlands of the Great Plains are driven by natural disturbance in the form of fluctuating water levels or shifts between wet and dry ecological states. The geographically isolated prairie potholes and playas form broad-scale systems or networks that support biodiversity and provide ecological goods and...

Albanese, Gene; Haukos, David A.

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Year Published: 2019

Age and growth of Freshwater Drum and Gizzard Shad occupying two reservoir-river complexes with different groundwater contributions

Restoring groundwater flow is a management option that improves water temperature regimes and benefits fishes. Although this strategy applies more readily to river systems, the thermal character of reservoirs is heavily influenced by inflowing rivers. We examined differences in age, structure, and growth of both Freshwater Drum Aplodinotus...

Dattilo, J; Shoup, D.E.; Brewer, Shannon K.

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Year Published: 2019

Ecosystem size predicts social dynamics in recreational fisheries

Recreational fisheries are complex adaptive systems that are inherently difficult to manage due to a heterogeneous user group (consumptive vs. non-consumptive) that utilize patchily distributed resources on the landscape (lakes, rivers, coastlines). There is a need to identify which system components can effectively predict and be used to manage...

Kaemingk, M. A.; Chizinski, C.J.; Allen, Craig R.; Pope, Kevin L.

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Year Published: 2019

Comparing and improving methods for reconstructing peatland water-table depth from testate amoebae

Proxies that use changes in the composition of ecological communities to reconstruct temporal changes in an environmental covariate are commonly used in paleoclimatology and paleolimnology. Existing methods, such as weighted averaging and modern analog technique, relate compositional data to the covariate in very simple ways, and different methods...

Nolan, Connor; Tipton, John; Booth, Robert K.; Hooten, Mevin; Jackson, Stephen

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Year Published: 2019

Differential effects of temperature and salinity on growth and mortality of oysters (Crassostrea virginica) in Barataria Bay and Breton Sound, Louisiana

Temperature and salinity and their interaction exert a major control on the life cycle of the eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica), affecting reproduction, development, growth, and mortality. Quantifying specific temperature and salinity relationships on oyster growth and mortality has however proven difficult, with data suggesting potentially...

Sehlinger, T.; Lowe, M.R.; LaPeyre, Megan K.; Soniat, T.M.

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Year Published: 2019

Oyster reefs in northern Gulf of Mexico estuaries harbor diverse fish and decapod crustacean assemblages: A meta-synthesis

Oyster reefs provide habitat for numerous fish and decapod crustacean species that mediate ecosystem functioning and support vibrant fisheries. Recent focus on the restoration of eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) reefs stems from this role as a critical ecosystem engineer. Within the shallow estuaries of the northern Gulf of Mexico (nGoM...

LaPeyre, Megan K.; Marshall, D. A.; Miller, L. S.; Humphries, A. T.

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Year Published: 2019

Riverine turtles select habitats maintained by natural discharge regimes in an unimpounded large river

Turtle populations are imperiled worldwide, but limited ecological information from unaltered systems hampers science‐based management and conservation of some species, especially riverine turtles such as the spiny softshell (Apalone spinifera). We therefore investigated movements and spatial habitat selection of 54 A. spinifera in...

Tornabene, Brian J.; Jaeger, Matthew E.; Bramblett, Robert G.; Nelson, Mark; McClenning, Nathan; Watson, Trevor; Ankrum, Alan; Frazer, Kenneth; Reinhold, Ann Marie; Zale, Alexander V.